Indpur (community development block)
|Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
|• Type||Community development block|
|• Total||300.20 km2 (115.91 sq mi)|
|Elevation||118 m (387 ft)|
|• Density||520/km2 (1,400/sq mi)|
|• Official||Bengali, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-WB|
|Vehicle registration||WB-67, WB-68|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Bankura|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Chhatna, Taldangra|
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 BPL families
- 5 Economy
- 6 Transport
- 7 Education
- 8 Healthcare
- 9 See also
- 10 References
From Bishnupur kingdom to the British Raj
From around the 7th century AD till around the advent of British rule, for around a millennium, history of Bankura district is identical with the rise and fall of the Hindu Rajas of Bishnupur. The Bishnupur Rajas, who were at the summit of their fortunes towards the end of the 17th century, started declining in the first half of the 18th century. First, the Maharaja of Burdwan seized the Fatehpur Mahal, and then the Maratha invasions laid waste their country.
Bishnupur was ceded to the British with the rest of Burdwan chakla in 1760. In 1787, Bishnupur was united with Birbhum to form a separate administrative unit. In 1793 it was transferred to the Burdwan collectorate. In 1879, the district acquired its present shape with the thanas of Khatra and Raipur and the outpost of Simplapal being transferred from Manbhum, and the thanas of Sonamukhi, Kotulpur and Indas being retransferred from Burdwan. However, it was known for sometime as West Burdwan and in 1881 came to be known as Bankura district.
Indpur is located at . It has an average elevation of 118 m (387 ft).
Indpur CD Block spreads over from the central parts of the district to the western border with Purulia district. It belongs to the uneven lands/ hard ring rock area. The soil is laterite red and hard beds are covered with scrub jungle and sal wood.
Indpur CD Block is bounded by Chhatna and Bankura I CD Blocks on the north, Onda and Taldangra CD Blocks on the east, Khatra and Hirbandh CD Blocks on the south and Puncha CD Block, in Purulia district, on the west.
Indpur CD Block has an area of 302.60 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 7 gram panchayats, 112 gram sansads (village councils), 222 mouzas and 198 inhabited villages. Indpur police station serves this block. Headquarters of this CD Block is at Indpur.
As per the 2011 Census of India Indpur CD Block had a total population of 156,522, all of which were rural. There were 80,556 (51%) males and 75,966 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 19,430. Scheduled Castes numbered 63,532 (40.59%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 15,003 (9.59%). 
In the 2001 census, Indpur community development bloc had a total population of 137,800 of which 70,876 were males and 66,924 were females. Decadal growth for the period 1991-2001 was 10.15% for Indpur, against 13.79% in Bankura district. Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.
Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Indpur CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Gaurbazar (4,349).
As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Indpur CD Block was 92,434 (67.42% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 56,305 (79.87% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 36,829 (55.30%) of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 24.57%.
|Literacy in CD Blocks of
|Bankura Sadar subdivision|
|Saltora – 61.45%|
|Mejia – 66.83%|
|Gangajalghati – 68.11%|
|Chhatna – 65.73%|
|Bankura I – 68.74%|
|Bankura II – 73.59%|
|Barjora – 71.67%|
|Onda – 65.82%|
|Indas – 71.70%|
|Joypur – 74.57%|
|Patrasayer – 64.8%|
|Kotulpur – 78.01%|
|Sonamukhi – 66.16%|
|Bishnupur – 66.30%|
|Indpur – 67.42%|
|Ranibandh – 68.53%|
|Khatra – 72.18%|
|Hirbandh – 64.18%|
|Raipur – 71.33%|
|Sarenga – 74.25%|
|Simlapal – 68.44%|
|Taldangra – 70.87%|
2011 Census: CD Block Wise
Primary Census Abstract Data
Language and religion
In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 141,112 and formed 90.15% of the population in Indpur CD Block. Muslims numbered 8,874 and formed 5.68% of the population. Christians numbered 66 and formed 0.04% of the population. Others numbered 6,470 and formed 4.13% of the population. Others include Addi Bassi, Marang Boro, Santal, Saranath, Sari Dharma, Sarna, Alchchi, Bidin, Sant, Saevdharm, Seran, Saran, Sarin, Kheria, and other religious communities.
Migration has been observed in the following CD Blocks of Bankura district: Bankura I, Chhatna, Saltora, Indpur, Ranibandh, Hirbandh, Khatra, Raipur and Sarenga. Although authentic figures are not available, a sample survey has been done. According to the sample survey, around 54.5% to 85.4% of the families on an average migrate from these blocks. Another study shows that around 23% of the people from the under-privileged blocks in the western and southern Bankura migrate. Those migrating belong mostly to the SC or ST population. They migrate for periods varying from 15 days to 6/8 months. Most people migrate to meet their food deficit and go to Bardhaman and Hooghly districts but some go to Gujarat and Maharashtra as construction labour.
197 or 89% of mouzas in Indpur CD Block were electrified by 31 March 2014.
In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Indpur CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 2.82%, patta (document) holders 6.88%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 10.11%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 25.60% and agricultural labourers 54.59%.
In 2003-04 net area sown in Indpur CD Block was 16,490 hectares and the area in which more than one crop was grown was 2,327 hectares.
In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Indpur CD Block was 6,290 hectares, out of which 3,570 hectares was by canal water, 850 hectares by tank water, 1,800 hectares by river lift irrigation, 40 hectares by open dug wells and 30 hectares by other methods.
In 2013-14, Indpur CD Block produced 3,573 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop, from 1,611 hectares, 284 tonnes of wheat from 128 hectares and 182 tonnes of potatoes from 7 hectares. It also produced pulses and mustard.
Handloom and pottery industries
The handloom industry engages the largest number of persons in the non farm sector and hence is important in Bankura district. The handloom industry is well established in all the CD Blocks of the district and includes the famous Baluchari saris. In 2004-05 Indpur CD Block had 1,665 looms in operation.
Bankura district is famous for the artistic excellence of its pottery products that include the famous Bankura horse. The range of pottery products is categorised as follows: domestic utilities, terracota and other decorative items and roofing tiles and other heavy pottery items. Around 3,200 families were involved in pottery making in the district in 2002. 144 families were involved in Indpur CD Block.
In 2013-14, Indpur CD Block had 7 originating/ terminating bus routes. The nearest railway railway station is 15 km from the CD Block headquarters.
In 2013-14, Indpur CD Block had 169 primary schools with 12,400 students, 13 middle schools with 1,741 students, 12 high schools with 7,364 students and 13 higher secondary schools with 10,695 students. Indpur CD Block had 1 general college with 2,096 students and 254 institutions for special and non-formal education with 8,297 students. Indpur CD Block had 7 mass literacy centres. 
In 2014, Indpur CD Block had 1 rural hospital, 3 primary health centres and 1 private nursing home with total 55 beds and 5 doctors. It had 27 family welfare sub centres and 1 family welfare centre. 7,120 patients were treated indoor and 211,362 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block. 
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- "Indpur, India Page". West Bengal. Falling Rain Genomics. Retrieved 2008-03-22.
- "District Census Handbook Bankura" (PDF). pages 13-17. Directorate of Census Operations West Bengal. Retrieved 8 December 2016.
- "Indpur Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 21 August 2016.
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- "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Bankura - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 27 August 2016.
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- "District Human Development Report: Bankura" (PDF). April 2007. Page 27, Pages 237-244. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 8 December 2016.
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- "List of State Highways in West Bengal". West Bengal Traffic Police. Retrieved 23 August 2016.
- "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bankura". Tables 4.4, 4.6. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 25 August 2016.
- "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bankura". Tables 3.1, 3.2, 3.3. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 25 August 2016.