Indra Lal Roy
|Indra Lal Roy|
Indra Lal Roy in an RFC uniform.
|Born||2 December 1898
Calcutta, British India
|Died||22 July 1918 (aged 19)
|Service/branch|| Royal Flying Corps
Royal Air Force
|Years of service||1917 - 1918|
|Battles/wars||Western Front, First World War|
|Awards||Distinguished Flying Cross|
Indra Lal Roy (Bengali: ইন্দ্রলাল রায়), DFC (2 December 1898 – 22 July 1918) is the first, and thus far only, Indian flying ace. He served in the First World War with the Royal Flying Corps and its successor, the Royal Air Force. He claimed five aircraft destroyed (including one shared), and five 'down out of control' wins (including another shared) in just over 170 hours flying time.
The son of Pyare Lal Roy and Lolita Roy, he was born in Calcutta, where his father was Director of Public Prosecutions. He was nicknamed "Laddie". Roy came from a family of highly qualified and distinguished persons. His older brother, Paresh Lal Roy (1893-1979), is known as the "father of Indian boxing." His maternal grandfather, Dr. Surya Kumar Goodeve Chakraborty, was one of the first Indian doctors to be trained in Western medicine. His nephew, Subroto Mukerjee (1911-1960), was also a fighter pilot and later became the first Indian Chief of Air Staff of the Indian Air Force.
First World War
When the First World War broke out, Roy was attending St Paul's School, Hammersmith in London, England. Five months after turning 18, in April 1917 he enlisted in the Royal Flying Corps and was commissioned as a second lieutenant on 5 July. After training and gunnery practice at Vendôme and Turnberry, he joined No. 56 Squadron on 30 October. Roy was part of "A" Flight, commanded by flying ace Captain Richard Maybery.
Two months later, Roy was injured after he crash-landed his S.E.5a fighter on 6 December. While recovering, Roy made numerous sketches of aircraft — many of which survive. Though concerns were raised that he was medically unfit, Roy was successful in returning to duty after he had recuperated. He was transferred to Captain George McElroy's flight in No. 40 Squadron in June 1918.
On his return to active service, Roy achieved ten victories (two shared) in thirteen days. His first was a Hannover over Drocourt[disambiguation needed] on 6 July. This was followed by three victories in the space of four hours on 8 July (two Hannover Cs and a Fokker D.VII); two on 13 July (a Hannover C and a Pfalz D.III); two on 15 July (two Fokker D.VIIs); and one on 18 July (a DFW C.V). Roy's final victory came the following day when he shot down a Hannover C over Cagnicourt. He is the first and only Indian flying air ace to this day.
|Date and time||Opponent
OOC = out of control
DES = destroyed
|6 July 1918, 0545||Hannover C (OOC)||Drocourt|
|8 July 1918, 0645||Hannover C (OOC)||Drocourt|
|8 July 1918, 0925||Hannover C (OOC)||East of Monchy||Shared with Capt. George McElroy and Lt. Gilbert Strange|
|8 July 1918, 1025||Fokker D.VII (OOC)||South-east of Douai|
|13 July 1918, 0645||Hannover C (DES)||West of Estaires||Shared with Capt. George McElroy, Lt. Gilbert Strange, and Lt. F.H. Knobel (D3528)[clarification needed]|
|13 July 1918, 2005||Pfalz D.III (DES)||Vitry-Brebières|
|15 July 1918, 2005||Fokker D.VII (DES)||Hulloch|
|15 July 1918, 2005||Fokker D.VII (OOC)||Hulloch|
|18 July 1918, 2040||DFW C.V (DES)||South-east of Arras|
|19 July 1918, 1025||Hannover C (DES)||Cagnicourt|
Awards and honours
On the occasion of the 100th birth anniversary of Indra Lal Roy, the Indian postage service issued a commemorative stamp in his honor in December 1998.
- Manimugdha S Sharma (8 October 2014). "Indians who lorded over European skies in WWI". The Times of India. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
- "Indra Lal Roy 97th death anniversary: Some unknown facts you must know about the flying ace". India Today. 22 July 2015. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
- 'Above the Trenches'; Shores, Franks & Guest ,page 328
- Dutt, J.K. (18 Jan 2009). "The young air warrior" (Kolkata). The Telegraph. Retrieved 29 June 2015.
- "Indra Roy". theaerodrome.com.
- "Officer's record: Indra Lal Roy (RFC and RAF)". The National Archives (United Kingdom). Retrieved 8 October 2015.
- First World War.com - Indra Lal Roy, retrieved 9 September 2005
- The Aerodrome.com - Indra Lal Roy, retrieved 9 September 2005
- Shores, Christopher; Guest, Russell; Franks, Norman. Above the Trenches: A Complete Record of the Fighter Aces and Units of the British Empire Air Forces 1915-1920. p. 328.