Indian Classical Dancer, who brought Kuchipudi Dance from the village to India's Capital, Delhi
19 September 1930
Chennai, British India
|Died||5 February 1999 (aged 68)|
New York, US
|Occupation||Indian classical dancer, choreographer,|
|Spouse(s)||Habib Rahman, Chief Architect to the Govt of India|
|Awards||1969: Padma Shri |
1981:Sangeet Natak Akademi Award
Indrani Rahman (19 September 1930, Chennai – 5 February 1999, New York) was an Indian classical dancer, of Bharata Natyam, Kuchipudi, Kathakali and Odissi, which she popularised in the west, and later settled in New York in 1976.
In 1952, she won the Miss India pageant. Later, she joined her mother Ragini Devi's company. She popularised the Indian classical dance form, Odissi during her international tours. Indrani had received the Padma Shri in 1969 and the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in the performing arts and also the Taraknath Das Award.
Background and family
Indrani Rahman was born in Chennai (then Madras), the daughter of Ramalal Balram Bajpai (1880–1962), sometime president of the Indo-American League, by his wife Ragini Devi (nee Esther Luella Sherman). Her father, Ramalal Bajpai, was of north Indian background, a chemist who went to the USA for higher education. Her he met and married Esther Luella Sherman, an American by birth. Born in Petoskey, Michigan in 1893, (died 1982), Esther embraced Hinduism upon her wedding and took the name 'Ragini Devi.'
The couple moved to India in the 1920s. Ramalal then took a job as Assistant Editor of Young India, the magazine founded by Lala Lajpat Rai. After Independence, he became the Consul General of India at New York, and president of the Indo-American League. Meanwhile, Ragini became a passionate proponent of Indian classical dance and devoted her life to their revival and nurture. This happened after a fateful meeting with the great rajadasi, (royal courtesan) Jetti Tayamma of Mysore, from whom she started learning Bharata Natyam. She then honed her dancing talents under the tutelage of Gauri Amma, a courtesan of Chennai. Ragini then became a celebrated dancer herself, and was among the most feted performers of the 1930s. Ragini also championed the revival of Kathakali during the same period.
Indrani was born in Chennai to this couple and grew up in a mixed-race household. She was brought up to be uninhibited and independent by her American mother, who encouraged her to participate in beauty pageants. As one of very few participants from across the country who could be persuaded to contest the pageant, Indrani was crowned 'Miss India' in the year 1952. When she was a schoolgirl only fifteen years old, and still underage according to Indian law, she eloped with Habib Rahman, a world renowned architect, who, at thirty, was exactly twice her age.
Indrani started learning dance in her mother's company, at age nine, and accompanied her as she travelled through, Americas, and Europe. Professionally, she first started with Bharata Natyam, having learnt the Pandanallur style of Bharata Natyam from Guru Chokkalingam Pillai (1893–1968) in the 1940s. Soon she was in Vijaywada, learning Kuchipudi from Korada Narsimha Rao with whom she later toured many parts of the world.
In 1947, Indrani attracted the attention of India's leading dance and art critic Dr. Charles Fabri, who later encouraged her to go to Orissa and learn the little-known classical dance form of Odissi, making her the first professional dancer to learn Odissi. After learning Odissi for three years, from Guru Sri Deba Prasad Das, she went on to popularise it, through performance in various parts of India and the world.
In 1952, although married, and with a child, she became the first Miss India, and went on to compete in the Miss Universe 1952 Pageant, held at Long Beach, California. Soon, she was travelling along with her mother and performing all over the world. In 1961, she was the first dancer presented on a national tour by the Asia Society, and also performed for US President John F. Kennedy and Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, during Nehru's official visit to Washington, D.C., and in the following years she also performed for Emperor Haile Selassie, Queen Elizabeth II, Mao Zedong, Nikita Khrushchev, and Fidel Castro. In 1976 she became a faculty member of the dance division at the Juilliard School at New York's Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts, taught in various American universities, including Harvard, and spent her remaining two decades in the United States, touring extensively.
She married Habib Rahman (1915–1995), a well-known architect, in 1945, the couple had a son, artist, Ram Rahman, and a daughter, Sukanya Rahman (Wicks), who also danced with her mother and grandmother. Her grandsons are Wardreath Wicks and Habib Wicks.
Indrani Rahman died on 5 February 1999 in Manhattan, New York.
- Dancing in the Family, by Sukanya Rahman. 2001, Harper Collins India, ISBN 81-7223-438-4.
- Dance dialects of India, by Ragini Devi. Motilal Banarsidass Publ., 1990. ISBN 81-208-0674-3, ISBN 978-81-208-0674-0.
- Ragini Devi Biography Notable American Women: A Biographical Dictionary Completing the Twentieth Century, by Susan Ware, Stacy Lorraine Braukman, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study. Harvard University Press, 2004. ISBN 0-674-01488-X, 9780674014886. Page 172-173.
- Book Review South Asian Women Forum
- Obituary: Indrani Rehman Archived 15 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine. by Kuldip Singh, The Independent (London), 18 February 1999
- Ramalal Balram Bajpai – Biography[permanent dead link]
- Rhythm of the new millennium Leela Venkatraman, The Hindu, 28 October 2001.
- Dancing through their lives The Hindu, 22 September 2002.
- HINDU DANCES PRESENTED; Ragini Devi Seen in Theatre of All Nations Performance New York Times, 9 December 1944.
- Indrani, Performer of Classical Indian Dance, Dies at 68 New York Times, 8 February 1999.
- Indrani Rahman Kuchipudi: Kūcipūdi : Indian Classical Dance Art, by Sunil Kothari, Avinash Pasricha. Abhinav Publications, 2001. ISBN 81-7017-359-0, ISBN 978-81-7017-359-5. 190.
- Indrani Rahman India's Dances: Their History, Technique, and Repertoire, by Reginald Massey. Abhinav Publications, 2004. ISBN 81-7017-434-1. page 210.
- Guests Archived 19 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Stuttgart – Bharatiya Mujlis.
- MISS INDIA' IS PICKED; Architect's Wife Wins Boycotted Beauty Contest's Final New York Times, 4 April 1952.
- Indian Press Hails National Beauty Contest Won by Shapely Half-American in Her Sari New York Times, 5 April 1952.
- "Miss India". Archived from the original on 26 October 2009. Retrieved 11 November 2010.
- Indrani Rahman National Library of Australia.
- In Remembrance Archived 21 July 2010 at the Wayback Machine. Indian Express, 15 April 1999.
- Sukanya Rahman Website
- Padma Shri – Indrani Rahman Archived 31 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine. Padma Shri Official listing at Govt. of India website.
- Sangeet Natak Akademi Award – “Bharata Natyam Archived 12 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine. Sangeet Natak Akademi Award official listing.
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