Indre Fosen

Coordinates: 63°38′38″N 10°11′13″E / 63.64382°N 10.18707°E / 63.64382; 10.18707
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Indre Fosen Municipality
Indre Fosen kommune
View of the Rissa Church
View of the Rissa Church
Trøndelag within Norway
Trøndelag within Norway
Indre Fosen within Trøndelag
Indre Fosen within Trøndelag
Coordinates: 63°38′38″N 10°11′13″E / 63.64382°N 10.18707°E / 63.64382; 10.18707
Established1 Jan 2018
 • Preceded byRissa and Leksvik
Administrative centreÅrnset
 • Mayor (2023)Oskar Småvik (H)
 • Total1,095.97 km2 (423.16 sq mi)
 • Land1,030.41 km2 (397.84 sq mi)
 • Water65.56 km2 (25.31 sq mi)  6%
 • Rank#102 in Norway
 • Total9,977
 • Rank#112 in Norway
 • Density9.7/km2 (25/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
Decrease −2%
DemonymIndre Fosning[1]
Official language
 • Norwegian formNeutral
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-5054[3]
WebsiteOfficial website

Indre Fosen is a municipality in Trøndelag county, Norway. It is located in the traditional district of Fosen. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Årnset. Other villages in Indre Fosen include Askjem, Dalbygda, Hasselvika, Husbysjøen, Leira, Leksvik, Råkvåg, Rørvika, Seter, Stadsbygd, Verrabotn, and Vanvikan. The Norwegian County Road 755 runs through the municipality.

The 1,096-square-kilometre (423 sq mi) municipality is the 102nd largest by area out of the 356 municipalities in Norway. Indre Fosen is the 112th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 9,977. The municipality's population density is 9.7 inhabitants per square kilometre (25/sq mi) and its population has decreased by 2% over the previous 10-year period.[4][5]

Economy: in January 2024, a shipyard that employed 132, went bankrupt.[6]

General information[edit]

The Gjeldbukkholmen island in the lake Tørstadvatnet
Leksvik Church

The municipality was established on 1 January 2018, the same day that Trøndelag county was established. Indre Fosen straddles the former county border, as it was formed by the unification of the neighboring municipalities of Leksvik (formerly in Nord-Trøndelag) and Rissa (formerly in Sør-Trøndelag).[7]

On 1 January 2020, the Verrabotn area of neighboring Verran Municipality was transferred to Indre Fosen.[8]


The municipality is named after the traditional district of Fosen in which it is located. The first element is indre which means "inner" in the Norwegian language. The last element is Fosen (Old Norse: Fólgsn) which means "hiding place" or "hidden port". Thus, the name refers to the inner part of the Fosen district. The district is named after the island of Storfosna ("Big Fosen") in Ørland municipality.[9]

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms was adopted in 2017 for use starting on 1 January 2018 when the new municipality was established. These arms were originally granted to the old Leksvik Municipality on 28 September 1990 and then they were re-adopted for the new Indre Fosen Municipality after the merger of Leksvik and Rissa Municipality.[7] The official blazon is "Per chevron embowed azure and argent point ending in trefoil" (Norwegian: I blått en innbøyd sølv spiss som ender i et kløverblad). This means the arms have a field (background) that is divided by a line in the shape of a chevron with curved sides that meet at a point. A trefoil is located on top of this point. The background above the line is blue and the background below this line has a tincture of argent which means it is commonly colored white, but if it is made out of metal, then silver is used. The blue part represents the Trondheimsfjord and the white/silver part represents the land, particularly the Amborneset peninsula where King Sverre Sigurdsson fought his last sea battle on 8 June 1198. There is a clover/trefoil design at the end of the silver part which represents life and growth. The arms were designed by Einar H. Skjærvold.[10][11][12]


The Church of Norway has six parishes (Norwegian: sogn, which is both singular and plural) within the municipality. Together with the other municipalities on the Fosen peninsula (Bjugn, Osen, Roan, Ørland, and Åfjord), Indre Fosen is part of the Fosen prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Nidaros.

Churches in Indre Fosen
Parish (sokn) Church name Location of the church Year built
Hasselvika Hasselvika Church Hasselvika 1951
Leksvik Leksvik Church Leksvik 1670
Rissa Fines Church Verrabotn 1913
Rissa Church Leira 1888
Rein Church Reinsgrenda 1932
Stadsbygd Stadsbygd Church Stadsbygd 1842
Stranda Stranda Church Vanvikan 1897
Sør-Stjørna Frengen Church Frengen 1972
Ramsvik Church Råkvåg 1909


Rissa landscape

The first inhabitants are believed to have moved to this area some 3,000 years ago. They left several pieces of cutting tools which are now placed in museums. The Leksvik area does not appear in recorded history before the Viking Age when the villages of Leksvik and Hindrem became quite important in the local area. In both Leksvik and Hindrem there have been found great tombs and ruins of buildings and longboats. On Borgen, there is a hill between Hindrem and Seter that may have been a great Viking fortress, but this could also be tracks made by the glaciers during the last ice age. After the Black Death struck Norway in 1349, Leksvik fell into silence for some 300 years.

In more modern history, Leksvik and Hindrem are small and relatively isolated villages, north of Trondheimsfjord. Two churches stood here, a church in Leksvik and a stave church in Hindrem, but this broke down in 1655 and was replaced by a modern wooden church. In the 19th century, the church of Hindrem was demolished, and the new Stranda Church was built in Vanvikan. Leksvik became well known for its goats and had 5,000 of them at their peak number.

During World War II, Leksvik was settled by German troops with the main camp on the top of Våttåhaugen, a hill north of the village of Leksvik. But as a small and isolated village, nothing of great importance happened there during the war, and it was mostly peaceful although bombs fell over Trondheim, on the south side of the fjord. After electric power first came to Leksvik, Bjørn Lyng founded the first industry in Vanvikan and Leksvik. After the first road was finally finished in the early 1960s, industry grew rapidly and replaced the goats.

In April 1978, the Rissa area in what is now Indre Fosen was home to a quick-clay landslide which encompassed an area of 330,000 square metres (3,600,000 sq ft) and sent 6,000,000 cubic metres (7,800,000 cu yd) of clay from the Årnset area on the shore into the Botn lake, causing a miniature tsunami on the north shore in the village of Leira. This slide is particularly famous because a large portion of the slide happened to be recorded on film by two amateur photographers.


View of the Bjørnåa river and falls

Indre Fosen was located on the southern part of the Fosen peninsula along the coast of Trondheimsfjorden and the Stjørnfjorden, surrounding the municipality on three sides by water. There are several large lakes located in Indre Fosen including Storvatnet, Meltingvatnet, and Botn. The municipalities of Åfjord, Verran, and Inderøy lie to the north and the municipalities of Bjugn and Ørland lie to the west.

The Flakk–Rørvik Ferry crosses the Trondheimsfjord connecting the village of Rørvik to the city of Trondheim to the south.


Indre Fosen Municipality is responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, welfare and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads and utilities. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of directly elected representatives. The mayor is indirectly elected by a vote of the municipal council.[13] The municipality is under the jurisdiction of the Trøndelag District Court and the Frostating Court of Appeal.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Indre Fosen is made up of 27 representatives. The tables below show the current and historical composition of the council by political party.

Indre Fosen kommunestyre 2023–2027 [14]  
Party name (in Norwegian) Number of
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet) 6
  Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet) 2
  Conservative Party (Høyre) 5
  Industry and Business Party (Industri‑ og Næringspartiet) 1
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti) 1
  Pensioners' Party (Pensjonistpartiet) 3
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet) 5
  Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti) 1
 Municipal List (Kommunelista)3
Total number of members:27
Indre Fosen kommunestyre 2019–2023 [15]  
Party name (in Norwegian) Number of
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet) 6
  Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet) 2
  Green Party (Miljøpartiet De Grønne) 1
  Conservative Party (Høyre) 5
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti) 1
  Pensioners' Party (Pensjonistpartiet) 4
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet) 10
  Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti) 2
 Municipal List (Kommunelista)6
Total number of members:37
Indre Fosen kommunestyre 2018–2019
Party name (in Norwegian) Number of
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet) 15
  Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet) 3
  Green Party (Miljøpartiet De Grønne) 1
  Conservative Party (Høyre) 12
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti) 2
  Pensioners' Party (Pensjonistpartiet) 2
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet) 9
  Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti) 2
  Liberal Party (Venstre) 2
Total number of members:48
Note: Rather than have new elections when the municipality and its council were originally formed in 2018, members were carried over onto the new council. The council is essentially a merger of the old municipal councils of Leksvik and Rissa, with all members of the old serving on the new council.


The mayors (Norwegian: ordfører) of Indre Fosen:

  • 2018-2019: Steinar Saghaug (H)
  • 2019–2023: Bjørnar Buhaug (Sp)
  • 2023–present: Oskar Småvik (H)[16]

Notable people[edit]

  • Nils Waltersen Aasen (1878 in Stadsbygd – 1925), an arms inventor who developed the modern hand grenade and land mine just prior to WWI
  • Anders John Aune (1923 in Stjørna – 2011), a Norwegian politician and county governor of Finnmark from 1974-1989
  • Oddmund Raudberget (born 1932 in Stadsbygd), a Norwegian artist, painter, and sculptor
  • Ingebjørg Karmhus (1936 in Leksvik – 2009), a Norwegian politician and Mayor of Leksvik from 1986 to 1999
  • Villy Haugen (born 1944 in Leksvik), a former speed skater and bronze medallist at the 1964 Winter Olympics
  • Einar Strøm (born 1945), a Norwegian politician and Mayor of Leksvik in 2007
  • Bente Kvitland (born 1974), a Norwegian former footballer and Olympic champion with the Norway women's national football team; grew up in Skaugdalen


  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian).
  3. ^ Bolstad, Erik; Thorsnæs, Geir, eds. (26 January 2023). "Kommunenummer". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget.
  4. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå. "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian).
  5. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå. "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian).
  6. ^ Retrieved 2024-01-30
  7. ^ a b Rosvold, Knut A., ed. (26 February 2018). "Indre Fosen". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 6 January 2018.
  8. ^ "Endrer grensen mellom kommunene Verran og Indre Fosen" (in Norwegian). Kommunal- og moderniseringsdepartementet. 10 December 2018. Retrieved 29 December 2019.
  9. ^ Haugen, Morten, ed. (12 December 2017). "Fosen". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  10. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway – Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 12 February 2023.
  11. ^ "Leksvik, Nord-Trøndelag (Norway)". Flags of the World. Retrieved 12 February 2023.
  12. ^ "Godkjenning av våpen og flagg". (in Norwegian). Norges kommunal- og arbeidsdepartementet. 9 December 1990. Retrieved 12 February 2023.
  13. ^ Hansen, Tore; Vabo, Signy Irene, eds. (20 September 2022). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 14 October 2022.
  14. ^ "Kommunestyrevalg 2023 – Trøndelag Trööndelage". Valgdirektoratet. Retrieved 6 January 2024.
  15. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2019 – Trøndelag". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 19 October 2019.
  16. ^ "Indre Fosen: Flere ordførere på plass". NRK (in Norwegian). 12 September 2023. Retrieved 7 January 2024.

External links[edit]