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Inductionism is the scientific philosophy where laws are "induced" from sets of data. As an example, one might measure the strength of electrical forces at varying distances from charges and induce the inverse square law of electrostatics. This concept is considered one of the two pillars of the old view of the philosophy of science, together with verifiability.[1] An application of inductionism can show how experimental evidence can confirm or inductively justify the belief in generalization and the laws of nature.[2]

The early form of inductionism is associated with the philosophies of thinkers such as Francis Bacon.[3] It is also said to be based on Newtonian physics.[1] This is evident in Isaac Newton's Rule of Reasoning in Philosophy, which articulated his belief that it is imperative to cover the unobservably small features of the world through a methodology that has a strong empirical base.[4] Here, the speculative hypothesis was replaced by induction from premises obtained through observation and experiment.[4]

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  1. ^ a b Hsieh, Ching-Yao; Ye, Meng-Hua (2016-09-16). Economics, Philosophy and Physics. Routledge. ISBN 9781315489230.
  2. ^ Nola, Robert; Irzik, Gurol (2005). Philosophy, Science, Education and Culture. Dordrecht: Springer Science & Business Media. p. 215. ISBN 1402037694.
  3. ^ White, James (2005). Advancing Family Theories. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications. p. 21. ISBN 0761929053.
  4. ^ a b Butts, Robert (1986). Kant’s Philosophy of Physical Science. Dodrecht: D. Reidel Publishing Company. p. 273. ISBN 9027723095.