Industri Kereta Api

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PT Industri Kereta Api (Persero)
IndustryRolling stock
PredecessorBalai Yasa Lokomotif Uap Madiun (Madiun Steam Locomotive Depot)
Founded18 May 1981; 40 years ago (1981-05-18)
ProductsLocomotive, Passenger Car, Wagon, Special Vehicles, DMU and EMU
ServicesManufacture, Maintenance, Rehabilitation, Spare Part
RevenueIncrease Rp 2.58 trillion (2017)
Increase Rp 75.25 billion (2017)
Total assetsIncrease Rp 6.04 trillion (2017)
OwnerGovernment of Indonesia (100%)
Number of employees
5,000 (2017)
SubsidiariesPT Inka Multi Solusi
PT Rekaindo Global Karya

PT Industri Kereta Api (Persero), abbreviated as INKA, is a rolling stock manufacturer.[1] It is completely owned by the Government of Indonesia.


INKA-made LRT Palembang rolling stock

INKA Ltd was established in 1981 to serve as the national rail locomotive and rolling stock manufacturer for the Indonesian Railway Company (PT Kereta Api Indonesia (Persero)) in its revenue lines in the islands of Java and Sumatra. Its first Madiun Locomotive Plant was converted from a former PJKA steam locomotive overhaul facility. Under Suharto's presidency INKA was initiated as part of the national strategic industry, as the basis of a national rail production industry. As such, INKA focused on dominating the domestic market and to win competition in the ASEAN region and developing countries.

INKA has produced or refurbished every batch of KAI's passenger cars, excluding multiple units, since 1985. Its production of multiple units began in 1987 when it assembles Rheostatik EMUs from Japan. Since then, INKA utilises lightweight stainless steel car bodies and modern AC traction control with VVVF inverters (formerly GTO, now IGBT) for EMU production. INKA started producing diesel multiple units in 2007 with orders from Ministry of Transportation for regional and commuter trains. INKA has supplied various freight wagons to KAI, most notably the coal transport wagons supporting coal mining industry in Ombilin (West Sumatra) and South Sumatra.

In 2019 PT INKA (Persero) cooperated with PT Len Industri (Persero), PT Wijaya Karya (Persero) and PT Kereta Api Indonesia (Persero) to collaborate on business development by forming a consortium of Indonesian Railways Development Incorporated for Africa (IRDIA), targeting African countries.

In addition, INKA Ltd has, together with KAI, established cooperation with Swiss rolling stock manufacture, Stadler Rail established a joint venture to build a rolling stock factory in Banyuwangi, East Java. This cooperation was intended to assist Indonesian government in developing Indonesian transportation system.


Passenger train using stainless steel metal
Economy AC Class
INKA-built DEMU ME204 series
INKA-built EMU EA202 series waiting to be Commuter Line Jogja-Solo

Railway rolling stocks[edit]

INKA has been producing locomotives, trainsets, railcars and multiple units, some of which are made in cooperation with other companies. Some products have been exported to foreign countries. Some INKA rolling stock projects:[2]

  • 1982 – Enclosed boxcar for PJKA
  • 1985 – 1985 batch PJKA Ekonomi passenger coaches
  • 1987 – Rheostatic ED101 EMU, 1987 batch (in cooperation with Japanese consortium led by Nippon Sharyo)
  • 1991 – Freight wagons for KTMB
  • 1994 – VVVF-GTO EA201 series EMU, in cooperation with BN-Holec
  • 1995 – Argo Bromo and Argo Gede class trainsets
  • 1996 – CC203 locomotive, in cooperation with GE
  • 1997 – Argo Bromo Anggrek trainsets
  • 1998 – Ballast Hopper wagon for SRT
  • 2001 – EA201 series EMU for KRL Jabotabek
  • 2002 – Power station wagon and reefer bogie flat car for KTMB
  • 2004 – Container wagon body & blizzard center sills (to Australia)
  • 2006 – Bangladesh Railway BG passenger coaches
  • 2007 – Kertalaya railbus for South Sumatra provincial government.
  • 2008 – MH102 series (Kereta Rel Diesel Indonesia) (for Aceh and Java)
  • 2010 – 2010-2014 batch Ekonomi AC trainsets for Kemenhub, GE C20EMP locomotives (in cooperation with GE Transportation)
  • 2011 – "Bathara Kresna" railbus and EA202 series EMU
  • 2016 – 2016 batch KAI executive and economy class coaches and Bangladesh Railway BG and MG coaches
  • 2018 – Third rail LRV for Palembang LRT[3] An improved model was produced in 2019 for Greater Jakarta LRT.[4] EA203 series EMU for Soekarno-Hatta airport rail link
  • 2019 – PNR 8000 class DMU
  • 2020 – PNR 8100 class DMU and INKA CC300 DHLs (plus 15 coaches) to the Philippines

Automotive industry[edit]

In 2008, INKA proposed GEA (short for Gulirkan Energi Alternatif) as a national car. A prototype was created in 2008.[5] In 2009, GEA began using the machinery developed by BPPT, Rusnas, after previously using Chinese machinery. Carburetors are the only imported component in the 2009 prototype.

PT Inka also supplied compressed natural gas-powered (CNG) buses for TransJakarta, mainly known as the name brand Inobus (abbreviated as Innovation Bus). Currently, there are three known product variants:

  • Inobus ATC 320 (Articulated Car) (produced year 2011–2012) with Cummins Westport ISL-G 320 HP CNG engine, mated with Voith DIWA 864.3E automatic transmission.

39 units were operated in total, with 21 units operated by Perum DAMRI from 2011 to 2018 and 18 units operated by PT. Bianglala Metropolitan from 2013 to 2016. The main difference between the two is DAMRI operated units used Songz Air Conditioning whilst Bianglala operated units used Denso Air Conditioning.

  • Inobus SGL 290 (Single) with Doosan GL11K 290 HP (EPA 2010) CNG Engine, the same engine used in current Zhongtong buses, mated with Allison Transmission T350R automatic. A total of 36 units, should have been operated by Perum PPD.
  • Future fleet: Inobus ATC 340 (Articulated Car) with Doosan GL11K 340 HP Euro IV CNG Engine, the same engine used in current Zhongtong buses bus, mated with Voith DIWA 864.5 automatic transmission.[6]


  1. ^ "INKA - Tentang INKA". Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  2. ^ "INKA - About INKA". Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  3. ^ "Berita INKA - Bangga Kereta LRT Palembang Produksi PT INKA (Persero)". Retrieved 28 June 2020.
  4. ^ Lidyana, Vadhia. "Penampakan LRT Jabodebek yang Tiba di Jakarta". detikfinance (in Indonesian). Retrieved 28 June 2020.
  5. ^ (in Indonesian) "India Rilis Mobil Supermurah Tata Nano, Kita Punya GEA" Archived 2 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine, 27 March 2009. Retrieved 30 March 2011.
  6. ^ e-katalog-busway

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 7°37′03″S 111°31′24″E / 7.617604°S 111.523461°E / -7.617604; 111.523461