Industrial Academy (Moscow)
The Industrial Academy was intended as the next step after attending a Rabfak and was intended to "provide its students with a grounding in general economic management, as well as a technical specialization" - "a school for managers and directors." The first students graduated in 1930. Many of the Soviet nomenklatura of the Stalin era graduated from the Academy in the 1930s. Although it was officially considered an institution of higher education, the Industrial Academy actually provided a secondary school education, as well as technical knowledge required for work in industry. Over the years, the Industrial Academy was given the names of Lazar Kaganovich, Vyacheslav Molotov, and finally Joseph Stalin. In July 1941, by a decision of the State Defense Committee, the Academy of Industry was disbanded.
- William J. Tompson, Khrushchev: A Political Life (Palgrave Macmillan, 1997: ISBN 0-312-16360-6), p. 29.
- «учебное заведение для управляющих, для директоров»: Nikita Khrushchev, "В Промакадемии Archived 2012-03-18 at the Wayback Machine.", from his memoirs Время. Люди. Власть (Moscow, 1999: ISBN 5-900036-04-9).
- S.S. Khromov, History of Moscow: An Outline (Progress, 1981), p. 207.