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Industrial crops is a designation given to an enterprise that attempts to raise farm sector income, and provide economic development activities for rural areas. Industrial crops also attempt to provide products that can be used as substitutes for imports from other nations.
The range of crops with non-food uses is broad, but includes traditional arable crops like wheat, as well as less conventional crops like hemp and Miscanthus. Products made from non-food crops can be categorised by function:
|Biofuels and bioenergy (energy crops)||Bioethanol, biobutanol, biodiesel, syngas and bioenergy||Algae, Buchloe dactyloides, Jatropha, and switchgrass|
|Building and construction||Hemp-lime building materials, Straw building materials, Insulation, Paints, varnishes||Hemp, wheat, linseed (flax), bamboo|
|Fiber||Paper, cloth, fabric, padding, string, twine, and rope||Coir, cotton, flax, hemp, manila hemp, papyrus, sisal|
|Pharmaceuticals (traditional) and therapeutic proteins (novel)||Drugs, botanical and herbal medicines, nutritional supplements, plant-made pharmaceuticals||Borage, Cannabis sativa, Echinacea, Artemisia, Tobacco|
|Renewable biopolymers||Rubber, Plastics and packaging||Rubber, Wheat, maize, potatoes|
|Speciality chemicals||Essential oils, printing ink, paper coatings||Lavender, oilseed rape, linseed, hemp|
- "Industrial Crop Production (journal)". Grace Communications Foundation. 2016. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- "Author Information Pack". INDUSTRIAL CROPS AND PRODUCTS An International Journal. Elsevier. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- Cruz, Von Mark V.; Dierig, David A. (2014). Industrial Crops: Breeding for BioEnergy and Bioproducts. Springer. pp. 9 and passim. ISBN 978-1-4939-1447-0.
- Wilson, Paul N.; James C. Wade; Julie P. Leones (2006). "The economics of commercializing new industrial crops". Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, the University of Arizona. 11: 45–55. doi:10.1002/1520-6297(199501/02)11:1<45::AID-AGR2720110106>3.0.CO;2-H. Archived from the original on 2013-01-05. Retrieved 25 February 2009.