Industrial and production engineering is a measure of output of the industrial sector of the economy. The industrial sector includes manufacturing, mining, and utilities. Although these sectors contribute only a small portion of gross domestic product (GDP), they are highly sensitive to interest rates and consumer demand. This makes industrial production an important tool for forecasting future GDP and economic performance. Industrial production figures are also used by central banks to measure inflation, as high levels of industrial production can lead to uncontrolled levels of consumption and rapid inflation. The Industrial productions came about during the Industrial revolution.
- "Industrial Production and Capacity Utilization". Federal Reserve Board. Retrieved 2011-02-08.
- "Assessing the Federal Reserve's Measures of Capacity and Utilization" (PDF). Shapiro et al. Retrieved 2017-01-08.