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|Cultural origins||Late 1970s United Kingdom and United States|
Experimental '60s group Cromagnon are said to have been one of the bands that helped foresee the birth of industrial rock. Specifically, their song "Caledonia" has been noted for its "pre-industrial stomp". Industrial music was created in the mid- to late 1970s, amidst the punk rock revolution and disco fever. Prominent early industrial musicians include Throbbing Gristle, Cabaret Voltaire, NON, SPK and Z'EV. Many other artists have been cited as influences such as Kraftwerk and Gary Numan and Tubeway Army as well as Einstürzende Neubauten. Many other musical performers were incorporating industrial-musical elements into a variety of musical styles.
Some post-punk performers developed styles parallel to industrial music's defining attributes. Pere Ubu's debut, The Modern Dance, was described as "industrial". So was San Francisco's Chrome, who mixed Jimi Hendrix, The Sex Pistols and tape music experiments, and Killing Joke, considered by Simon Reynolds as "a post-punk version of heavy metal". According to Chris Connelly, Foetus "is the instigator when it comes to the marriage of machinery to hardcore punk."
Others followed in their wake. The New York City band Swans were inspired by the local No Wave scene, as well as punk rock, noise music (particularly Whitehouse) and the original industrial groups. Steve Albini's Big Black followed a similar path, while also incorporating American hardcore punk. Big Black has also been closely associated with post-hardcore and noise rock, though their ties to industrial music are extremely apparent. The Swiss trio The Young Gods, who deliberately eschewed electric guitars in favor of a sampler, also took inspiration from both hardcore and industrial, being equally indebted to the Bad Brains and Foetus.
- "The 200 Greatest Songs of the 1960s - Page 4 - Pitchfork". pitchfork.com. Retrieved 20 February 2017.
- Vale & Juno, 1983.
- Irvin, 2001, p. 442.
- Reynolds, 2005, p. 257, 258.
- Reynolds, 2005, p. 435.
- Connelly, 2007, p. 12.
- Chantler, 2002, p. 54.
- Licht, 2003, p. 32.
- Blush, 2001, p. 222.
- Sharp, 1999, p. 48.
- Mörat, 1992, p. 12.
- Stud & Stud, 1987, p. 27.
- "GOLD AND PLATINUM - Searchable Database". RIAA. Retrieved 2007-12-12. External link in
||The citations in this article lack sufficient bibliographical information (e.g. author, title, date of publication, publisher, ISBN, pages cited, etc.). (February 2010)|
- Blush, Steven (2001). American Hardcore: A tribal history. Los Angeles, CA: Feral House.
- Chantler, Chris (2002). "Splitting heirs". Terrorizer, 96: 54-5.
- Connelly, Chris (2007). Concrete, Bulletproof, Invisible + Fried: My Life as a Revolting Cock. London: SAF Publishing.
- Irvin, Jim (2001). The Mojo Collection: The greatest albums of all time. Edinburgh: Canongate.
- Licht, Alan (2003). "Tunnel vision". The Wire, 233: 30-37.
- Mörat (1992). "Ye gods!" Kerrang!, 411: 12.
- Reynolds, Simon (2005). Rip it up and start again: Postpunk 1978-1984. London: Faber and Faber Limited.
- Sharp, Chris (1999). "Atari Teenage Riot: 60 second wipe out". The Wire, 183: 48-49.
- Stud, B. & Stud, T. (1987, June 20). "Heaven up here". Melody Maker: 26-27.
- Vale, Vivian; Juno, Andrea (1983). RE/Search #6-#7: Industrial culture handbook. San Francisco, CA: RE/SEARCH PUBLICATIONS.