Industry in Argentina

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President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner inaugurating a factory in Ushuaia. Firms like BlackBerry, HP and Motorola have set up plants in Tierra del Fuego, drawn by tax breaks.[1]

Industry was in 2012 the largest single sector in Argentina's economy, with a 20.3% share of GDP.[2] Well-integrated into local agriculture, half of the industrial exports have rural origin.[2]

With a 6.5% production growth rate in 2011,[3] the diversified manufacturing sector[4] is organized around a steadily growing network of industrial parks (314 as of 2013)[5]

Sectors[edit]

In 2012 the leading sectors by volume were: food processing, beverages and tobacco products; motor vehicles and auto parts; textiles and leather; refinery products and biodiesel; chemicals and pharmaceuticals; steel, aluminum and iron; industrial and farm machinery; home appliances and furniture; plastics and tires; glass and cement; and recording and print media.[2] In addition, Argentina has since long been one of the top five wine-producing countries in the world.[2]

Industrial centers[edit]

Córdoba is Argentina's major industrial center, hosting metalworking, motor vehicle and auto parts manufactures. Next in importance are the Greater Buenos Aires area (food processing, metallurgy, motor vehicles and auto parts, chemicals and petrochemicals, consumer durables, textiles and printing); Rosario (food processing, metallurgy, farm machinery, oil refining, chemicals, and tanning); San Miguel de Tucumán (sugar refining); San Lorenzo (chemicals and pharmaceuticals); San Nicolás de los Arroyos (steel milling and metallurgy); and Ushuaia and Bahía Blanca (oil refining).[6] Other manufacturing enterprises are located in the provinces of Santa Fe (zinc and copper smelting, and flour milling); Mendoza and Neuquén (wineries and fruit processing); Chaco (textiles and sawmills); and Santa Cruz, Salta and Chubut (oil refining)[6]

The electric output of Argentina in 2009 totaled over 122 TWh (440 PJ), of which about 37% was consumed by industrial activities.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lara Serrano, Rodrigo (19 September 2011). "Tierra Del Fuego Tech: A New Silicon Valley On South America's Southern Tip". Paris: Worldcrunch. Archived from the original on 22 May 2012.
  2. ^ a b c d "Información Económica al Día – Nivel de Actividad" (in Spanish). Buenos Aires: Dirección Nacional de Política Macroeconómica – Ministerio de Economía y Finanzas Públicas. 2013. Archived from the original (XLS) on 10 April 2014.
  3. ^ "Argentina – Industrial production growth rate". Index Mundi – CIA World Factbook. 2011. Archived from the original on 10 March 2013.
  4. ^ "Argentina – Economy Overview". Index Mundi – CIA World Factbook. 2013. Archived from the original on 3 December 2012.
  5. ^ "Argentina at TIC 2013: Country pushing CNG, food processing". Port of Spain: Digital Guardian. 2013. Archived from the original on 9 November 2013.
  6. ^ a b "Argentina – Industry". Encyclopedia of the Nations. 2002. Archived from the original on 27 September 2013.
  7. ^ "Electricity/Heat in Argentina in 2009". Paris: IEA – International Energy Agency. 2009.

External links[edit]