Industry of Machinery and Tractors
Индустрија машина и трактора
Industrija mašina i traktora
|Founded||12 August 1996(Current form) |
|Founder||Government of SFR Yugoslavia and independent tradespeople|
|Kamal Ahuya (Director)|
|Products||Agricultural machinery, Tractors|
|Revenue||€0.03 million (2016)|
|-€0.47 million (2016)|
|Total assets||€46.48 million (2016)|
|Total equity||€0 (2016)|
Number of employees
Industry of Machinery and Tractors (Serbian: Индустрија машина и трактора, romanized: Industrija mašina i traktora; abbr. IMT) was a Serbian manufacture company which produced and vendored tractors and agricultural machinery. It was headquartered in Belgrade, Serbia. In April 2018, IMT was sold to TAFE.
The IMT factory was founded in 1947 as the Central Foundry. In 1949, a new company, the Metal Institute, was formed by amalgamating the Central Foundry and four other local companies. The Metal Institute became the Industry of Machinery and Tractors (IMT) in 1954. The following year, research was conducted on different types of tractors and the Massey Ferguson licence was chosen.
In 1959, the factory was reconstructed and production capacities for 4,000 tractors a year were built. The factory started production of a tractor of their own design in 1964. In 1988, IMT recorded its largest annual production in history - 42,000 tractors and 35,000 machines.
Between 1990 and 2000, changing economic circumstances led to significant changes in production. A long-term co-operation was established with the Perkins company, and the first engines complying to the EU 2000/25/EC standards were built in 2005. In 2008, the Serbian Privatisation Agency launched a tender process for the sale of IMT. In 2012, IMT introduced a new "S" series of tractors. Offer of the new generation of tractors together with purchasing power demanded customisation of tractor accessory. Mostly new models have join of traditional and modern look, thanks to the Belgrade professional schools, Faculties of Design and IMT design studio.
In July 2013, IMT exported tractors in Kazakhstan, ex-Yugoslavia markets, Ecuador and African market. The model which has been exported in Kazakhstan was labelled "Baikonur" (derives from Baikonur Cosmodrome) and it was models 539, 549, 555.11. The company ceased production in August 2015 and went into bankruptcy procedure, with 186 million dollars of accumulated debt.
Most popular type of IMT tractors was IMT 533 (with 35 hp) and IMT 539 (40 hp). These tractors become popular in Yugoslavia, because they were easy for maintenance, easy to handle, manoeuvrable, rotatable. Popularity is resulted by spreading of mechanisation and (that time) modern technology on rural parts of country. Later model was produced in 1965. It was IMT 555. Reliable of these three types is in characteristics of the engine. These engine could stand for 4,000 working hours to the general repair.
IMT 5200-5500 models were among the ten biggest tractors on the world market in '80s and '90s. These series were contemporary for that period. Characteristics of these series were: ≈500 hp, V12 diesel FAP and Mercedes-Benz engine, 4WD, 4X4 chasis, synchro gearbox shifter (16 forward and 4 reverse),16 t (35,274 lb), hydrostatic power steering, dual clutch, 3 seats adjustable, complete safety programs for passengers and drivers, big space for smaller items and air brakes. Additional accessories of 5200-5500 models were: manual A/C, cigarette lighter and ashtray, manual sun or moon roof and car radio/cassette recorder.
Other historical models worth to mention of this company are: 528,530-539P, 542-549 (standard and Deluxe versions), 550-558, 560-569, 570-579, 585-589, 590-597, 5100, 5135-5136, 5170, 5210, 5220, 5270 and 5500.
Quality and certificates
IMT produces the following tractor models:
- IMT 539S
- IMT 549S
- IMT 550S
- IMT 555S
- IMT 539
- IMT 536/546
- IMT 549
- IMT 550.11
- IMT 560
- IMT 577
- IMT 2050
- IMT 2065
- IMT 5106/5136
- IMT 5135
- IMT 577/587/597
New series of tractors and offer
Series 2000, are equipped with: polyester engine cover, synchronised gear shifter, 2 WD, adjustable steering by height, synchronised gear shifter, engines by Perkins or John Deere with EC Stage II standard, easy handling and maintenance. Series 2000, in accessory part refers to A/C, 4WD, heating and hydraulic power steering regulation of position and draft.
At 79 (in 2012) Agriculture Fair in Novi Sad, IMT presented new generation of tractors with mark "S" (539 S, 549 S, 550 S and 555 S). Standard equipment offered: better anti acoustic and rust protection (with viscoelastic deadener ), modern design of cabin, synchronised gear shifter with 10 speeds (forward) and 2 speeds (reverse), polyester engine cover, EC IIIA standard, 4 WD, hydraulic power steering regulation of position and draft. They have been adjusted for attachment and work with implements of large width, mounted or semi-mounted. Accessories for these series includes: A/C, A/C powered by solar panels, car radio (with/without handsfree), seat heating and heating+ventilation (HV).
In IMT at 2013 was announced reproduction of older version of IMT 5360 with governments stimulatives. These type includes the same standard equipment and accessory as series "S".
Besides tractors, IMT also produces a number of agricultural machinery. Ploughs, trailers, maize planters, seed drills, cultivators and loader forklifts.
IMT 533 Deluxe from 1973 in Gornji Milanovac, Serbia.
- "БИЛАНС УСПЕХА (2016) - IMT". apr.gov.rs (in Serbian). Retrieved 23 January 2018.
- "БИЛАНС СТАЊА (2016) - IMT". apr.gov.rs (in Serbian). Retrieved 23 January 2018.
- "IMT machinery and tractors - History". IMT Company website - History. Archived from the original on 4 July 2013. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
- "Serbia's IMT Tractor Plant for Sale". Balkan Insight. birn.eu.com. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
- "IMT machinery and tractors - News". IMT Company website - News. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
- Export of tractors in Kazakhstan | http://www.b92.net/biz/vesti/srbija.php?yyyy=2013&mm=08&dd=15&nav_id=743088 | Retrieved: April 2015
- Veselinović, Tanja (2 April 2018). "Indijska firma TAFE kupila fabriku traktora IMT u stečaju". n1info.com (in Serbian). Beta. Retrieved 2 April 2018.
- Some of the models and characteristis of IMT tractors | http://www.tractordata.com/farm-tractors/tractor-brands/imt/imt-tractors.html | Retrieved: April 2015
- Diesel engine EC standards | https://www.dieselnet.com/standards/eu/nonroad.php#s3 | Retrieved: April 2015
- Tractors at IMT official website, retrieved 20-11-2014
- Index at IMT official website, retrieved 20-11-2014