Reformed Church in Indwe
|• Total||20.8 km2 (8.0 sq mi)|
|• Density||840/km2 (2,200/sq mi)|
|Racial makeup (2011)|
|• Black African||95.7%|
|First languages (2011)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (SAST)|
|Postal code (street)|
The town is situated between Dordrecht and Elliot on the R56 road. It was founded in 1896 as a centre for coal-mining activities which started in 1867, and attained municipal status in 1898. It takes its name from the Indwe River, named after the blue crane (Anthropoides paradiseus, Xhosa: iNdwe), which occurred there in great numbers.
Indwe was the fourth town after Johannesburg, Cape Town and Kimberley to have electricity. The “Indwe Railway Collieries and Land Company” was formed in Kimberley in late 1894. De Beers played a big part in it. The railway line was completed in March 1896. By 1899 the mine produced well over 100 000 tons of coal a year. By 1917 the coal mine closed down because meanwhile better quality coal had been discovered in the Transvaal. Indwe Railway station was one of the busiest stations in South Africa offering people from the rural Transkei a port of entry to Johannesburg and Cape Town up until 1994. Indwe compromises five townships Mavuya,Manyano,Mzamomhle,Phumlani and Sonwabile township. Mavuya township in Indwe is one of the oldest townships in South Africa and is considered to be older than Langa (Cape Town) and Alexandra (Johannesburg).
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