Inekon Trams

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Inekon Trams, a.s.
Joint-stock company
Industry Transportation
Founded 2001
Headquarters Ostrava, Czech Republic
Products Trams
Services Tram refurbishment and repair, track rebuilding
Parent Inekon Group, a.s.
Website Official website

Inekon Trams, a.s. is a manufacturer of trams, or streetcars, located in the Czech Republic, and has supplied new trams to several cities in the Czech Republic and the United States.[1] The company also carries out modernisation and repair of trams, as well as track reconstruction.[2] It is a joint-stock company (Czech: Akciová společnost, or a.s.).


An Inekon 01-Trio in Ostrava
Portland car 008 is a 2006-built Inekon 12-Trio

Formed in 2001, the company was originally a joint venture of Inekon Group and the Ostrava Public Transport Agency (Dopravní Podnik Ostrava, or DPO), and was named DPO Inekon.[2] The name was changed to Inekon Trams in 2005, after Inekon Group purchased the shares of DPO and became sole owner, but DPO's Ostrava facilities continue to be used for most production and assembly.[3]

In the early 1990s Inekon Group tried to gain control of ČKD, which was one of the largest engineering companies in the country at the time, and which had produced almost 20,000 trams, including 14,000 Tatra T3. While the effort to acquire the company failed, some of ČKD's employees were dissatisfied with the new owners and decided to come over to Inekon. Thus, Inekon Group acquired engineers from one of the world's largest producer of trams.[4]

From 1996[5] until 2001/2, parent company Inekon Group had participated in a joint venture with Škoda Transportation Systems, known as Škoda-Inekon, for the construction of trams.[6] Most of the mechanical design work was undertaken by Inekon Group subsidiary Kolejová Doprava (in Prague), while the production was carried out by Škoda (in Plzeň), and the electrical propulsion equipment was made by Škoda and the Austrian company Elin EBG Traction.[7] Marketing was also handled by Inekon Group.[5] The Škoda-Inekon partnership built the Astra model, of which the unidirectional version, model 03T, was supplied to several Czech cities and the bi-directional version, model 10T, was supplied to two U.S. cities (Portland and Tacoma).

The partnership collapsed in 2001, and strong disagreements resulted in both companies filing lawsuits against the other.[8] Škoda continued producing some of the same models on its own, and retaining the same model designations (such as 03T) as had originally been adopted under Škoda-Inekon, but with Inekon no longer involved.[9] Inekon formed a new joint venture with DPO for production,[10] using DPO's workshops at Martinov,[11][12] but the design and development of new trams continued to be carried out by Kolejová Doprava, which remains a subsidiary of Inekon Group.[13] For this reason, Inekon's 01-Trio is nearly identical to the Škoda 03T in most respects, while the same is the case for the Inekon 12-Trio and Škoda 10T, respectively. One transport operator, the Portland Streetcar, has a fleet that includes seven Škoda-Inekon 10T cars (built in 2001-2), three Inekon 12-Trio cars and one newer 10T built by United Streetcar under licence from Škoda, and all eleven have identical overall dimensions, configuration, and other technical specifications, and use mostly the same parts. Škoda and Inekon Group settled their differences in 2006, and even forged a new alliance specifically for the purpose of winning a large contract for new trams for Toronto,[8] but that contract was awarded to a different manufacturer, and since then the two companies have continued to work separately.

An Inekon-refurbished tram in Sofia, Bulgaria

The first tramcar completed by DPO-Inekon was Ostrava tram system's car 1251, a Trio delivered in 2002.[10][11] Renamed Inekon Trams in 2005, the company developed additional tramcar designs and expanded into other types of work, in particular overhaul and modernization of older trams[14] and reconstruction and upgrading of tracks.[15] The tram system in Izhevsk, Russia, awarded Inekon a 1 million-euro contract for track repair in 2006,[16] and the city of Ufa also contracted with Inekon for tramway upgrading.[17] Trams have been modernized for Sofia, Bulgaria,[18][19] and other cities.

In 2011, Inekon won a tender for 6 new tramcars for the Seattle Streetcar system's "First Hill" route. The Czech company has partnered with Seattle-based Pacifica Marine, a transport vehicles refurbisher, in order to meet the requirement of 60% of U.S. content, which is needed for the project to be eligible for Federal funding. While major part of manufacturing will still take place in the Czech Republic, assembly, painting and testing will be done by the American company. Inekon and Pacifica plan to bid also for streetcar projects in other U.S. cities, with plans to eventually start building streetcars completely in the U.S., similar to United Streetcar's partnership with Škoda.[20][21][22][23]

Due to low figures of production, Inekon's manufacture of trams has been loss-making and the parent company has to subsidise the tram division from its other activities, such as constructing large cement mills (currently planned or under construction in Egypt, Morocco, Syria and Vietnam), modernisations of trains as well as train corridors and construction of large sewage plants (in Ireland, the Netherlands, Italy, Latvia, etc.). Nevertheless, Inekon maintains capacities for production of trams as well as for their development, aiming to sell them especially in the American, Russian and Chinese tramway markets.[24]

Tramcar models[edit]

Inekon 01 Trio
Olomouc, Sokolská, tramvajová vozovna, Inekon 01 Trio (2).jpg
Manufacturer Inekon Trams
Assembly Czech Republic Ostrava, Czech Republic
Constructed 2002–2006
Number built 12
Predecessor Škoda 03 T
Articulations 2 (3 body sections)
Length 20,130 mm (792.52 in)
Width 2,460 mm (96.85 in)
Height 3,460 mm (136.22 in)
Weight 26 t (28.7 short tons; 25.6 long tons)
Passenger capacity seats 41
Passenger capacity standing 99
Maximum speed 70 km/h (43 mph)
Low-floor 50%
Floor height 350 mm (13.78 in)/750 mm (29.53 in)
Engine power 360 kW (480 hp)
(4 × 90 kW or 120 hp)
Wheels driven 100% (8/8)
Steep gradient 8%
Bogies fixed
Gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Inekon 12 Trio
Assembly Czech Republic Ostrava, Czech Republic
Constructed 2006–2007
Number built 9
Predecessor Škoda 10 T
Weight 29 metric tons (32.0 short tons; 28.5 long tons)
Passenger capacity seats 27
Passenger capacity standing 113

Models of new trams currently available include the Trio series, Superior and Pento. All are low-floor models, either partially or fully, and are articulated.[25]


The Trio is a three-carbody-section, four-axle (two-bogie) design, in which the low-floor area represents 50% of the entire vehicle floor area. The overall length is 20.13 metres (66.0 ft).

The 01-Trio is a single-ended (uni-directional) version, buyers of which have included the transport agencies in Olomouc and Ostrava.[1][12] The first car was built in 2002, for Ostrava's tram system (DPO).

The 12-Trio is a double-ended (bi-directional) model designed for export. Trams of this type have been purchased by three U.S. cities,[1] as follows:

  • Portland Streetcar: 3 cars (nos. 008–010), built in 2006 and delivered in 2007[1]
  • Seattle Streetcar: 3 cars, delivered in 2007.[1] Another six cars were ordered in late 2011 for use on a planned second line,[22] and a seventh car was added to the order in late 2012.
  • the Department of Transportation of Washington, D.C. for the D.C. Streetcar line: 3 cars, completed in 2007[26] but not shipped to the USA until late 2009, due to delays in construction of the tram line and carhouse (storage and maintenance building) in Washington.

All nine 12-Trio cars manufactured thus far have been equipped with propulsion control systems made by Elin EBG.

Other models[edit]

Model Inekon 04, the Superior, is a three-section, 32.6-metre (107 ft) unidirectional car with at least 50% low-floor area.[27] No trams of this design have been constructed thus far.

Model Inekon 11, the Pento, is essentially a longer version of the Trio.[28] It is a five-section, 30.2-metre (99 ft) unidirectional car with 64% low-floor area.[29]

Model Inekon Superior Plus was a design developed together with Škoda in 2008 for the Toronto Transit Commission's bid for 204 new streetcars. It is a 100% low-floor tram designed in order to meet specific requirements of the Toronto tramway tracks, especially its unusually small 36-foot (10.973 m)-radius curves.[30] The tram's appearance was created by designer Patrik Kotas, who is also responsible for the look of Škoda's newest ForCity tram.[31] The Škoda-Inekon consortium was not permitted to take part in the bidding process, which was in the end won by Bombardier, for its Flexity Outlook, which met the Commission's Canadian content requirement.[32]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e Webb, Mary (ed.) (2009). Jane's Urban Transport Systems 2009-2010, p. 526. Coulsdon, Surrey (UK): Jane's Information Group. ISBN 978-0-7106-2903-6.
  2. ^ a b "Profile, Inekon Trams". Inekon Group, a.s. 2006. Retrieved 2010-07-04. 
  3. ^ Tramways & Urban Transit magazine, January 2007, p. 23. Light Rail Transit Association (UK). ISSN 1460-8324.
  4. ^ "Cementárny v ohrožení". Ekonom newspaper. 2 January 2011. Retrieved 2010-07-04. 
  5. ^ a b "Tatra's new Czech rival launches its new low-floor ASTRA tram" (October 1996). Light Rail and Modern Tramway, p. 374. Ian Allan Publishing/Light Rail Transit Association (UK).
  6. ^ "Life is Better in the World than in Czechia". Mladá fronta Dnes, archived (and probably translated) by Inekon Group. 26 April 2006. Retrieved 2010-07-04. 
  7. ^ Taplin, M. R. (October 2001). "Return of the (modern) streetcar: Portland leads the way". Tramways & Urban Transit (Hersham, Surrey, UK: Ian Allan Publishing Ltd). ISSN 1460-8324. Retrieved 2013-07-07. 
  8. ^ a b "Škoda and Inekon About to Cooperate". Inekon Group, a.s. 2006. Retrieved 2010-07-04. 
  9. ^ Tramways & Urban Transit magazine, March 2002, p. 103. Light Rail Transit Association (UK).
  10. ^ a b "Archive (2002 news)". Railvolution. 2002. Retrieved 2010-07-04. 
  11. ^ a b Tramways & Urban Transit magazine, September 2003, p. 347. Light Rail Transit Association (UK).
  12. ^ a b "Czechs want to introduce trams to Dakar". Hospodářské noviny newspaper. 13 September 2006. Retrieved 2010-07-04. 
  13. ^ "Facts, Inekon Group". Inekon Group. 2006. Retrieved 2010-07-04. 
  14. ^ "Modernization and Repairs of Trams". Inekon Group. Retrieved 2010-07-04. 
  15. ^ "Construction and Maintenance of Rail Tracks". Inekon Group. Retrieved 2010-07-04. 
  16. ^ "News, Metros". Railway Gazette International. 1 August 2006. Retrieved 2010-10-16. 
  17. ^ "Ufa tramway rehabilitation". Railway Gazette International. 11 September 2007. Retrieved 2010-10-16. 
  18. ^ "Inekon Group supplies Sofia tram". Czech Business Weekly. 14 April 2008. Retrieved 2010-07-04. 
  19. ^ "Refurbished tram back in Sofia". Railway Gazette International. 19 June 2008. Retrieved 2010-07-04. 
  20. ^ "Mayor says First Hill streetcar means Seattle jobs -- Construction starts in January". CSH Capitol Hill Seattle Blog. 2011-10-07. Retrieved 2011-10-27. 
  21. ^ "Local firm wins bid to assemble streetcars". Seattle Times. October 27, 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-27. 
  22. ^ a b Gutierrez, Scott (October 26, 2011). "McGinn: Streetcars to be built in Seattle". Seattle P-I. Retrieved 2015-01-07. 
  23. ^ "Local manufacturer will help build Seattle's second streetcar line". NPR News. 2011-10-27. Retrieved 2011-10-27. 
  24. ^ "RJosef Hušek: S tramvajemi už jsme dobyli Washington a Moskvu, na řadě je Peking" (in Czech). 2011-01-12. Retrieved 2011-01-20. 
  25. ^ "Production of New Trams". Inekon Group. Retrieved 2010-07-04. 
  26. ^ "Czechs trial Washington trams". Tramways & Urban Transit magazine, July 2007, p. 278. Light Rail Transit Association (UK).
  27. ^ "Superior - Low-Floor Tram". Inekon Trams. Retrieved 2010-07-04. 
  28. ^ "Inekon 11 Pento". Inekon Group. Retrieved 2010-07-04. 
  29. ^ "PENTO Low-Floor Tram Technical Data". Inekon Trams. Retrieved 2010-07-04. 
  30. ^ CLRVS
  31. ^ "Superior Plus 100% Low Floor Tram!". 
  32. ^ (April 24, 2009). "TTC picks Bombardier to supply streetcars". Toronto Star (Toronto). 

External links[edit]

Media related to Inekon trams at Wikimedia Commons