Ineos 1:59 Challenge

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Logo of the event

Ineos 1:59 Challenge was a successful 2019 project to break the two-hour mark for running the marathon distance. The event featuring Kenyan athlete Eliud Kipchoge was sponsored by Ineos, a multinational chemicals company, and held in Vienna, Austria, on 12 October 2019.

Due to rotating pacemakers, delivery of hydration by bicycle, and the lack of open competition, the achievement does not count as a marathon world record and the feat is not recognized by the IAAF.

Summary[edit]

There were several changes from the 2017 previous attempt to break two hours. There was one participant, Eliud Kipchoge of Kenya, the world record holder in the men's marathon and the current defending Olympic marathon champion.[1] Kipchoge set the marathon world record of 2:01:39 at the Berlin Marathon on 16 September 2018.[2]

In a previous attempt on 6 May 2017 on Autodromo Nazionale Monza in Milan, he missed the two-hour target by 25 seconds.[3][4] On 6 May 2019, the 65th anniversary of the four-minute mile, it was announced that Kipchoge would attempt again to achieve a sub-two-hour marathon run.[5]

For the Ineos challenge, Kipchoge was joined by forty-one pacemakers,[6] who rotated twice each lap and ran in a "K" formation rather than the diamond formation chosen for the previous attempt. Each lap of the course featured two 4.3-kilometre (2.7-mile) out-and-back stretches of Hauptallee with the turning points coming at the Lusthaus and Praterstern roundabouts at either end of the avenue, in the Prater park. The entire route inclines only 2.4 metres (7.9 feet). Spectators were present for the attempt.[7]

The organizers planned to run the event on Saturday, 12 October 2019, but they had a reserve window of eight days in case of poor weather conditions.[8] The attempt was run on 12 October starting at 08:15 CET. Organizers allowed a start time between 05:00 and 09:00, but chose 08:15 to maximize viewership. The weather conditions were expected to be dry with a temperature of 9 °C (48 °F) at the start, rising to 12 °C (54 °F) at the finish.[9]

Results[edit]

Ineos 1:59 Challenge[10][11]
5 km splits Split Time
5 km 14:10 0:14:10
10 km 14:10 0:28:20
15 km 14:14 0:42:34
20 km 14:13 0:56:47
25 km 14:12 1:10:59
30 km 14:12 1:25:11
35 km 14:12 1:39:23
40 km 14:13 1:53:36
42,195 m 6:04 1:59:40
Average 5 km 14:10.8
Kipchoge at the 2018 London Marathon

Kipchoge completed the challenge with an official time of 1:59:40.2.[12]

The achievement was recognised by Guinness World Records with the titles 'Fastest marathon distance (male)' and 'First marathon distance under two hours'.[13][14]

Kipchoge stated:[15]

"I am feeling good. After Roger Bannister in 1954 it took another 63 years, I tried and I did not get it - 65 years, I am the first man - I want to inspire many people, that no human is limited."

Accessories and optimization strategies[edit]

The organizers of the attempt added many techniques during the run which cumulatively assisted Kipchoge and the pacemakers:

  • Pacing lasers guided the pacemakers and the main runner, thus allowing them to run at a precise pace and meaning energy was not lost in unwanted acceleration.
  • The route was carefully chosen to ensure that no effort would be wasted on battling the wind or on directional or incline changes. This was achieved by the fact that most of the course was lined with tall trees reducing wind, and the course was very flat.
  • The location of the race was chosen because its time zone was close to that of Kaptagat, Kenya, where Kipchoge trains. This meant Kipchoge would not be affected by jet lag or have his sleeping and eating patterns disrupted.
  • The route was picked to be at low altitude, to increase oxygen in the air and thus help performance.
  • Kipchoge wore an improved version of Nike's previously unreleased Vaporfly Next% running shoes, claimed to improve running economy by 4 percent.[16] The shoes were not banned by the IAAF, and the top 10 men in the Chicago Marathon (held the next day) wore Vaporflys. It was reported that Kipchoge and Brigid Kosgei, who broke the women's world record in Chicago, wore bespoke versions of the shoe, with the model called AlphaFLY. The Nike Vaporfly that they wore has a carbon-fibre plate fitted in its chunky foam sole which supposedly helps propel the wearer forward. A group of athletes complained to the IAAF about the shoes, leading the governing body to create a working party to look at the issue. However, Kipchoge had set his world record wearing them a year earlier, as did Abraham Kiptum when he set the half-marathon record. In addition, the five fastest times over the distance were all set by runners wearing these shoes.[17][18][19]
  • The V-shaped formation of pacemakers shielded the runner from wind resistance. An earlier attempt used a differently shaped diamond formation.
  • Hydration was provided by a team coordinator on bicycle, and not in the usual water station method, in order to save time.

The Breaking2 attempt had been held behind closed doors at Monza with just a few press and Nike employees present. Kipchoge missed the presence of a crowd there and requested that the public be allowed to attend the Ineos 1:59 Challenge.[20]

Pacemakers[edit]

The following team of forty-one runners joined as Kipchoge's pacemakers in the challenge.[21]

Name Notes Ref(s)
Joel Ayeko Two-time World Mountain Running Championship silver medalist. [22]
Thomas Ayeko Junior silver medalist at the 2011 IAAF World Cross Country Championships [23]
Selemon Barega 2018 Diamond League champion over 5000 m [24]
Emmanuel Bett Fastest time over 10,000 metres in the 2012 season [25]
Hillary Bor Gold medalist, 3000 metres steeplechase at the 2019 USA Outdoor Track and Field Championships [26]
Matthew Centrowitz 2016 Olympic and World Indoor Champion over 1500 m [27]
Paul Chelimo Olympic and World medalist over 5000 m [28]
Augustine Choge 2006 Commonwealth Games Champion over 5000 m. Part of Eliud Kipchoge’s training group [29]
Victor Chumo Part of Eliud Kipchoge’s training group [30]
Filip Ingebrigtsen Reigning European Cross-Country champion and 2016 European 1500m Champion [31]
Henrik Ingebrigtsen 2012 European 1500m Champion [32]
Jakob Ingebrigtsen European Indoor and outdoor champion. Youngest pacemaker. [33]
Philemon Kacheran Part of Eliud Kipchoge’s training group [34]
Stanley Kebenei [35]
Justus Kimutai [36]
Shadrack Kipchirchir Silver medalist at the 2014 NCAA Outdoor Championships in the 10,000 metres [37]
Noah Kipkemboi [38]
Gideon Kipketer Part of Eliud Kipchoge’s training group [39]
Jacob Kiplimo Silver medalist, IAAF World Cross Country Championships [40]
Marius Kipserem [41]
Eric Kiptanui [42]
Moses Koech [43]
Shadrack Koech [44]
Micah Kogo Former World Record holder for 10,000 m on the road. [45]
Alex Korio [46]
Jonathan Korir [47]
Ronald Kwemoi Gold medalist, 2014 Kenyan National Championship in the 1500 metres [48]
Bernard Lagat Oldest pacemaker. Was part of the Breaking2 challenge. Beat Kipchoge to the 5000 m World title in 2007. [49]
Lopez Lomong Part of the Breaking2 attempt in 2017. [50]
Abdallah Mande [51]
Stewart McSweyn [52]
Kota Murayama [53]
Ronald Musagala [54]
Kaan Kigen Özbilen [55]
Jack Rayner [56]
Chala Regasa [57]
Brett Robinson [58]
Nicholas Rotich Part of Eliud Kipchoge’s training group [59]
Patrick Tiernan [60]
Timothy Toroitich [61]
Julien Wanders World Record holder for 5000 m on the road. [62]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Rio Olympics 2016: Kenya's Eliud Kipchoge wins men's marathon". 21 August 2016. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  2. ^ "Kipchoge breaks marathon world record in Berlin with stunning 2:01:39| News | iaaf.org". www.iaaf.org. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  3. ^ "Eliud KIPCHOGE | Profile | iaaf.org". www.iaaf.org. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  4. ^ "#Breaking2: Eliud Kipchoge goes close to sub-two hour marathon at Nike event". 6 May 2017. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  5. ^ "ELIUD KIPCHOGE TO CHALLENGE THE SUB TWO-HOUR MARATHON". ineos159challenge.com. 6 May 2019. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  6. ^ "Introducing Eliud Kipchoge's 41-person team of INEOS 1:59 pacers". Canadian Running Magazine. 4 October 2019. Retrieved 13 October 2019.
  7. ^ "Ineos 1:59 Challenge: Eliud Kipchoge confident of breaking two-hour marathon barrier". 11 October 2019. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  8. ^ "The INEOS-159 challenge: Venue set for Kipchoge sub two-hour marathon attempt". Get Sweat Go. 27 June 2019. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  9. ^ "Kipchoge's team announce 0815 start for sub-two hour marathon attempt". Reuters. 11 October 2019. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  10. ^ "The incredible numbers behind Kipchoge's sub two-hour marathon". The Independent. 12 October 2019. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  11. ^ "INEOS 1:59 Challenge Live", YouTube, retrieved 12 October 2019
  12. ^ "Eliud Kipchoge breaks two-hour marathon mark by 20 seconds". 12 October 2019. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  13. ^ "First marathon distance run under two hours". Guinness World Records. Retrieved 15 October 2019.
  14. ^ "Fastest marathon distance (male)". Guinness World Records. Retrieved 15 October 2019.
  15. ^ Wilson, Andy (12 October 2019). "Eliud Kipchoge net worth: How much is marathon star worth as two-hour barrier is broken?". Express.co.uk. Retrieved 15 October 2019.
  16. ^ Roe, Dan. "Everything We Know About Eliud Kipchoge's Barrier-Breaking Shoes". Runner's World. Retrieved 13 October 2019.
  17. ^ Sutcliffe, Steve (17 October 2019). "'It feels like running on trampolines' - Kipchoge & Kosgei's marathon trainers".
  18. ^ "Why are the trainers Eliud Kipchoge wore when he broke the two-hour marathon record controversial". The Independent. 15 October 2019. Retrieved 22 October 2019.
  19. ^ Bloom, Ben (11 October 2019). "Eliud Kipchoge's extraordinary and controversial two-hour marathon attempt - everything you need to know". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 22 October 2019.
  20. ^ Bloom, Ben (6 May 2019). "Eliud Kipchoge plans to stage second attempt at breaking two-hour marathon barrier in London later this year". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 22 October 2019.
  21. ^ "Team". www.ineos159challenge.com. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
  22. ^ "Joel Ayeko". www.ineos159challenge.com. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  23. ^ "Thomas Ayeko". www.ineos159challenge.com. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  24. ^ "Selemon Barega". www.ineos159challenge.com. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  25. ^ "Emmanuel Bett". www.ineos159challenge.com. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  26. ^ "Hillary Bor". www.ineos159challenge.com. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  27. ^ "Matthew Centrowitz". www.ineos159challenge.com. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  28. ^ "Paul Chelimo". www.ineos159challenge.com. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  29. ^ "Augustine Choge". www.ineos159challenge.com. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  30. ^ "Victor Chumo". www.ineos159challenge.com. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  31. ^ "Filip Ingebrigtsen". www.ineos159challenge.com. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  32. ^ "Henrik Ingebrigtsen". www.ineos159challenge.com. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  33. ^ "Jakob Ingebrigtsen". www.ineos159challenge.com. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  34. ^ "Philemon Kacheran". www.ineos159challenge.com. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  35. ^ "Stanley Kebenei". www.ineos159challenge.com. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  36. ^ "Justus Kimutai". www.ineos159challenge.com. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  37. ^ "Shadrack Kipchirchir". www.ineos159challenge.com. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  38. ^ "Noah Kipkemboi". www.ineos159challenge.com. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  39. ^ "Gideon Kipketer". www.ineos159challenge.com. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  40. ^ "Jacob Kiplimo". www.ineos159challenge.com. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  41. ^ "Marius Kipserem". www.ineos159challenge.com. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  42. ^ "Eric Kiptanui". www.ineos159challenge.com. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  43. ^ "Moses Koech". www.ineos159challenge.com. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  44. ^ "Shadrack Koech". www.ineos159challenge.com. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  45. ^ "Micah Kogo". www.ineos159challenge.com. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  46. ^ "Alex Korio". www.ineos159challenge.com. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  47. ^ "Jonathan Korir". www.ineos159challenge.com. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  48. ^ "Ronald Kwemoi". www.ineos159challenge.com. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  49. ^ "Bernard Lagat". www.ineos159challenge.com. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  50. ^ "Lopez Lomong". www.ineos159challenge.com. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  51. ^ "Abdallah Mande". www.ineos159challenge.com. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  52. ^ "Stewart McSweyn". www.ineos159challenge.com. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  53. ^ "Kota Murayama". www.ineos159challenge.com. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  54. ^ "Ronald Musagala". www.ineos159challenge.com. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  55. ^ "Kaan Kigen Ozbilen". www.ineos159challenge.com. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  56. ^ "Jack Rayner". www.ineos159challenge.com. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  57. ^ "Chala Regasa". www.ineos159challenge.com. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  58. ^ "Brett Robinson". www.ineos159challenge.com. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  59. ^ "Nicholas Rotich". www.ineos159challenge.com. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  60. ^ "Patrick Tiernan". www.ineos159challenge.com. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  61. ^ "Timothy Toroitich". www.ineos159challenge.com. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  62. ^ "Julien Wanders". www.ineos159challenge.com. Retrieved 12 October 2019.

External links[edit]