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Map of Quezon showing the location of Infanta
|Region||CALABARZON (Region IV-A)|
|District||1st district of Quezon|
|• Mayor||Rodante De Guzman Potes|
|• Total||342.76 km2 (132.34 sq mi)|
|• Density||200/km2 (520/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|IDD : area code||+63 (0)42|
|Income class||1st class; partially urban|
Infanta (Tagalog: Bayan ng Infanta; Kapampangan: Balen ning Lampun; Pangasinan: Baley na Lampon; Ilocano: Ili ti Lampon; Spanish: Municipalidad de Lampon) is a first class municipality in the province of Quezon, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 69,079 people. It has a land area of 130.1 km², representing 1.5% of the area of Quezon. It is located 144 kilometres (89 mi) north-east of Manila, and 136 kilometres (85 mi) north of Lucena City.
Infanta is the largest lambanog manufacturer in the province of Quezon. Also it is the center of economic activity in the northern part of Quezon. The Infanta town fiesta is celebrated every April 25. Infanta is also known as the "Gateway to the Pacific".
In 1578, more than half a century after Ferdinand Magellan and his men landed in Cebu and thirteen years after Miguel Lopez de Legazpi founded the first Spanish settlement also in Cebu, a Spanish priest named Esteban Ortiz arrived in Binangonan de Lampon and planted a wooden cross symbolizing the introduction of Spanish colonial rule at the place. In 1696, Don Diego Mangilaya, a native chieftain developed the settlement into a community and built a wooden chapel at the spot where Nunong Karugtong fell asleep. Since its establishment, the area has been attacked by Moro pirates, and visited by typhoons and cholera epidemics as recent as 2004. In 1803, Captain Pedro de León affiliated Binangonan de Lampon to the province of Nueva Ecija and in 1850, Kapitan Rafael Orozco withdrew Infanta from the province of Nueva Ecija and joined it with the province of Laguna to the west. In 1835, Binangonan de Lampon was renamed "Infanta" by Captain Juan Salvador in honor of the saint "Jesus Infante" (Child Jesus). All the inhabitants of Infanta were given Spanish surnames pursuant to a Royal Decree of 11 November 1848.
On July 20, 1898 a group of Infanta Katipuneros headed by Colonel Pablo Astilla attacked the Spanish forces holed up at the limestone convent and after several days of siege and fighting, the Spanish soldiers surrendered. By virtue of the 10 December 1898 Paris Treaty of Peace, American soldiers occupied the town of Infanta and appointed Kapitan Carlos Ruidera Azcarraga as the first "town presidente." He was followed by Rufino Ortiz in 1903 who withdrew Infanta from the province of Laguna and joined it with the province of Tayabas. He also ordered the planting of coconut trees in the barrios (now barangays) of Infanta. During the administration of town "presidente" Gregorio Rutaquio (1911–1916), he constructed the "Gabaldon type" of school house. From 1923-1928, Don Florencio Potes became town "presidente". He constructed the concrete municipal building and the first telegraph office of the town. From 1935 to 1939, Mr. Fabian Solleza served as town "presidente". During his incumbency, the Infanta--Famy road traversing the Sierra Madre from Infanta to Laguna and Rizal provinces was constructed. Also, piped water from a spring reservoir in barrio (barangay) Gumian was installed. In December, 1941 the Japanese Imperial forces was occupied in the town of Infanta. On May 25, 1945, the liberation by combined Filipino and American soldiers entered in the town was supported by the guerrilla fighters fought the Japanese Imperial forces until the end of World War II. In 1950, the municipality was made the seat of the Roman Catholic Territorial Prelature of Infanta.
Infanta is politically subdivided into 36 barangays: 7 urban and 29 rural.
- Poblacion 1
- Poblacion 38
- Poblacion 39
- Poblacion Bantilan
- Agos Agos
|Climate data for Infanta|
|Average high °C (°F)||27.0
|Average low °C (°F)||21.9
|Population census of Infanta|
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority|
Infanta is the center of educative learning, with four colleges that attract many students to study from nearby towns of Real, Gen. Nakar, Polillo, Panukulan, Burdeos, Patnanungan and Jomalig. Here are the colleges in Infanta:
- Northern Quezon College Inc.
- Southern Luzon State University-Infanta Campus
- Rizal Marine Technological College
- ACTS Computer College
- Infanta National High School (largest Public High School in Infanta)
- Mount Carmel School of Infanta (largest and only Catholic School in Infanta)
- Binulasan Integrated High School
- Tongohin National High School
- Langgas National High School
- Little Friends of Jesus Corner Stone Academy Of Infanta
The Hymn of the Town of Infanta is entitled "Mabuhay Ka Infanta" written by the alumni of Mount Carmel School of Infanta.
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- "Climatic Normals of the Philippines (1951-1985) (PAGASA 1987)" (PDF). PAGASSA. Retrieved 25 October 2014.
- Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City and Municipality. NSO. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011.
- "Province of Quezon". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
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