Leonor, Princess of Asturias

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For the medieval heir presumptive, see Eleanor, Princess of Asturias.
Leonor de Borbón
Princess of Asturias, Princess of Girona, Princess of Viana, Duchess of Montblanc, Countess of Cervera and Lady of Balaguer.
Born (2005-10-31) 31 October 2005 (age 11)
Hospital Ruber International, Madrid, Spain
Full name
Leonor de Todos los Santos de Borbón y Ortiz[1]
House Bourbon
Father Felipe VI of Spain
Mother Letizia Ortiz Rocasolano
Religion Roman Catholicism
Signature

Leonor, Princess of Asturias[2] (born 31 October 2005) is the elder daughter of King Felipe VI and Queen Letizia of Spain. Leonor is first in the line of succession to the throne. According to the 1978 Constitution, she became heir presumptive upon her father's accession on 19 June 2014, taking the official title of Princess of Asturias and the historical titles of Princess of Girona, Princess of Viana, Duchess of Montblanc, Countess of Cervera and Lady of Balaguer. Her sister, Infanta Sofía, follows her in the line of succession.

Birth[edit]

Leonor was born on 31 October 2005 at 1:47 am in the Hospital Ruber International in Madrid by means of a caesarean section necessitated by non-progression of labour. Her birth was announced by the Royal Family to the press via SMS. Leonor left the Ruber Clinic with her parents on 7 November 2005. She was baptised in the Zarzuela Palace by the Cardinal Archbishop of Madrid, Antonio Rouco Varela, on 14 January 2006. Like her father in 1968, Leonor was christened with water from the Jordan River, a royal custom. She was also given the additional names of de Todos los Santos, a Bourbon tradition. Her godparents were her paternal grandparents, King Juan Carlos and Queen Sofía.

Education and activities[edit]

Leonor's education began at the daycare for the children of the Spanish Royal Guard. She began her first year of elementary school on 15 September 2008 at the Santa María de los Rosales School in Aravaca, just outside Madrid.[3] Her father is an alumnus of the private school and her younger sister Sofía is also enrolled there. Leonor is fluent in both Spanish and English and has studied Mandarin.[4]

In May 2014, Leonor made her first official visit to the San Javier airforce base in Murcia.[3]

On 18 June 2014, King Juan Carlos signed the instrument of abdication, which went into effect at midnight, 19 June 2014. At this time, Leonor's father became the King of Spain as Felipe VI, and Leonor herself became the heir presumptive and the new Princess of Asturias.[5] Spain's monarchy operates under a system of male-preference cognatic primogeniture,[6] meaning that Leonor, as the elder of Felipe's two daughters, is first in line to inherit the throne. Under the current law, however, if her parents have a son, Leonor would be displaced in the line of succession and again become an infanta.[3]

There have been discussions[7][8][9] about changing the succession law to absolute primogeniture, allowing for the inheritance of the eldest child, regardless of gender; however, the birth of Leonor, followed by that of her younger sister Sofía, stalled these plans. Despite a recent change from male-preference to absolute primogeniture for Spanish titles of nobility,[10] as of 2016 no legislation has been passed affecting inheritance to the throne.

If Leonor ascends the throne, she will be Spain's first queen regnant since Isabella II, who reigned from 1833 to 1868.

In October 2014, a wax figure of Leonor was unveiled at the Museo de Cera in Madrid.[11] On 20 May 2015, Leonor had her first communion.[12][13]

A day before her 10th birthday, she was granted the Order of the Golden Fleece by her father.[14][15][16] In addition, the Council of Ministers approved the design of her personal standard and guidon.[17]

Titles, styles, honours and arms[edit]

Arms[edit]

Ancestry[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ This name uses Spanish naming customs: the first or paternal family name is de Borbón and the second or maternal family name is Ortiz.
  2. ^ "Los 10 nobles años de Leonor en 10 imágenes". El Mundo (in Spanish). 
  3. ^ a b c Galaz, Mábel (4 June 2014). "Leonor becomes a crown princess". El País. Retrieved 9 December 2015. 
  4. ^ "Princess Leonor preparing for her role as Spain's future queen". Retrieved 6 November 2015. 
  5. ^ "Spanish constution" (PDF). Congress of Spain. congreso.es. Retrieved 18 June 2014. 
  6. ^ "Una esperada confirmación". El Mundo. 
  7. ^ "LOS 'PROBLEMAS' SI EL PRIMOGÉNITO ES PRIMOGÉNITA: Pendientes de la Constitución hasta saber si será niño o niña". El Mundo. 
  8. ^ Woolls, Daniel (27 September 2006). "Royal Pregnancy a Conundrum for Spain". The Washington Post. The Associated Press. Retrieved 9 December 2015. 
  9. ^ Govan, Fiona (30 September 2006). "Royal baby in waiting sparks row over throne". The Telegraph. Retrieved 9 December 2015. 
  10. ^ Tremlett, Giles (12 July 2009). "Spanish nobles rebel over inheritance law". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 December 2015. 
  11. ^ "Princess Leonor of Spain's waxwork is unveiled in Madrid". Retrieved 11 October 2014. 
  12. ^ Galaz, Mábel (20 May 2015). "Leonor hace la comunión como colegiala, no como princesa". El País (in Spanish). Retrieved 9 December 2015. 
  13. ^ Remírez, Carmen (20 May 2015). "La Princesa Leonor, tras su primera comunión: 'Estaba muy nerviosa'". El Mundo (in Spanish). Retrieved 9 December 2015. 
  14. ^ "El Rey concede el Toisón de Oro a Leonor por su décimo cumpleaños". El País (in Spanish). 30 October 2015. Retrieved 9 December 2015. 
  15. ^ Remírez, Carmen (30 October 2015). "El Rey Felipe VI concede a la Princesa de Asturias el Toisón de Oro". El Mundo (in Spanish). Retrieved 9 December 2015. 
  16. ^ Real Decreto 978/2015 Boletín Oficial del Estado (BOE)
  17. ^ Real Decreto 979/2015 Boletín Oficial del Estado (BOE)
  18. ^ "BOLETÍN OFICIAL DEL ESTADO" (PDF). Retrieved 31 October 2015. 

External links[edit]

Leonor, Princess of Asturias
Born: 31 October 2005
Lines of succession
First
Line of succession to the Spanish throne
1st position
Succeeded by
Infanta Sofía
Spanish royalty
Preceded by
Felipe
Princess of Asturias, Princess of Viana
Princess of Girona, Duchess of Montblanc,
Countess of Cervera, Lady of Balaguer

2014–present
Incumbent