Inferior vesical artery
|Inferior vesicle artery|
The arteries of the pelvis.
Same picture, showing the source of inferior vesical artery, the internal iliac artery, with other branches.
|Source||Internal iliac artery|
|Vein||Vesical venous plexus|
|Supplies||Prostate, seminal vesicle, urinary bladder, vas deferens|
|Latin||arteria vesicalis inferior|
The inferior vesical artery is a branch (direct or indirect) of the anterior division of the internal iliac artery. It frequently arises in common with the middle rectal artery, and is distributed to the fundus of the bladder. In males, it also supplies the prostate and the seminal vesicles. The branches to the prostate communicate with the corresponding vessels of the opposite side.
Other texts consider it to be present in both males and females. In these contexts, the inferior vesical artery in females is a small branch of a vaginal artery.