Inferior vesical artery

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Inferior vesicle artery
The arteries of the pelvis.
Internal iliac branches.PNG
Same picture, showing the source of inferior vesical artery, the internal iliac artery, with other branches.
Source Internal iliac artery
Vein Vesical venous plexus
Supplies Prostate, seminal vesicle, urinary bladder, vas deferens
Latin arteria vesicalis inferior
TA A12.2.15.027
FMA 18823
Anatomical terminology

The inferior vesical artery is an artery in the pelvis that supplies the lower part of the bladder.


The inferior vesical artery is a branch (direct or indirect) of the anterior division of the internal iliac artery. It frequently arises in common with the middle rectal artery, and is distributed to the fundus of the bladder. In males, it also supplies the prostate and the seminal vesicles. The branches to the prostate communicate with the corresponding vessels of the opposite side.


Some texts consider it to be found only in males, and cite the vaginal artery as the homologous structure in females.[1]

Other texts consider it to be present in both males and females.[2] In these contexts, the inferior vesical artery in females is a small branch of a vaginal artery.

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This article incorporates text in the public domain from the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)

  1. ^ Kyung Won, PhD. Chung (2005). Gross Anatomy (Board Review). Hagerstown, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. p. 289. ISBN 0-7817-5309-0. 
  2. ^ Anatomy photo:43:13-0301 at the SUNY Downstate Medical Center - "The Female Pelvis: Branches of Internal Iliac Artery"

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