Information systems technician (United States Navy)
|Information systems technician
United States Navy
|Issued by||United States Navy|
|Abbreviation||IT (Surface), ITS (Submarine)|
|Information systems technician
United States Coast Guard
|Issued by||United States Coast Guard|
Information systems technician (IT) is a rating for United States Navy and United States Coast Guard enlisted personnel, specializing in communications technology. Information systems technician submarines (ITS) is a rating for U.S. Navy submariners.
Information systems technician is a U.S. Navy and Coast Guard specific job, also known as an enlisted rating (often called MOS by other armed services). The other U.S. Armed Forces have similar positions, but with different titles utilized (information technology specialist in the U.S. Army, data network specialist in the U.S. Marine Corps)
Information systems technicians design, install, operate, and maintain state-of-the-art information systems. This technology includes local and wide area networks, mainframe, mini and microcomputer systems and associated peripheral devices. They also write programs to handle the collection, manipulation and distribution of data for a wide variety of applications and requirements. They perform the functions of a computer system analyst, operate telecommunications systems including automated networks and the full spectrum of data links and circuits.
The IT rating is one of the most diverse ratings in the US Navy. The IT rating was created in 1997 from a combination of two previous Navy ratings - radioman (RM) and data processing technician (DP). A third rating, cryptologic technician communications (CTO) merged with IT in October, 2005. In February 2010, the IT rating was incorporated into the Information Dominance Corps.
IT candidates attend "A" school at Corry Station in Pensacola, Florida. Schooling is instructor led, using a computer-based learning system. The Marine radio operator and data systems school is located at MCESS 29 palms Californiaand Army computer systems school is located at Fort Gordon GA.
Students must first complete basic training.
History of the IT rating
The combing of rating in the Navy has been in place since 1990. There were many combination of both engineering and operation ratings to best fit the class of ship. Many duties of the IT rating are still evolving. The radioman (RM) and data processing technician (DP) ratings were merged in November 1998, keeping the radioman name. In November 1999 the rating was re-designated information systems technician. Both radiomen and data processing technicians in the Navy had to undergo general rate training and take a computer-based exam in order to be designated under the new IT rating (the data processing technicians found themselves bound to a serious learning curve because they had to learn every single aspect from the radioman rating) whereas to the radiomen, most of them already had a general knowledge in basic computer fundamentals and maintenance. In 1996 the submarine force merged radioman with electronics technicians and electronic warfare specialist.
The ITS rating for submarines was created in December 2010.
The Coast Guard radioman (RM) rating was renamed telecommunications specialist (TC) in 1995, which split in 2003 to make up the information system technician (IT) and operations specialist (OS) ratings. The Coast Guard telephone technician (TT) rating was also merged into the IT rating in 2003; the TT rating device of a telephone handset over the globe became the rating device for the Coast Guard IT rating.
While there is a community-specific Information Dominance Corps warfare qualification for ITs, the IT rating is one of the few ratings that can qualify in all aspects of naval warfare, such as:
- Aircrew - responsible for the operation, maintenance, and troubleshooting of the radios, computers, antennas, networking, and cryptographic equipment on TACAMO and AWACS missions.
- Surface warfare - responsible for maintaining communication links, troubleshooting radio and computer equipment, satellite communications, cryptographic equipment, and is responsible for the administration of the shipboard LAN, WAN links, and servers/networking equipment.
- Small boat warfare
- Fleet Marine Force - responsible for landing after the Marines have secured an area to set up fleet communications, networking, and cryptographic equipment to support joint communications within a battlefield environment. This includes configuring JWICS, Defense Message System, and AUTODIN communications in order for combatants to maintain command communications and control superiority.
- Special warfare combatant-craft crewmen
- "Navy Enlisted Rating Descriptions Information System Technician (IT)". U.S. Military about.com. U.S. Navy. Retrieved 2006-12-27.
- The US Navy Enlisted Rating Insignia 28 June 2009, Access date 1 November 2011
- Submariners Get New Information Systems Technician Rating. Press release, Chief of Naval Personnel Public Affairs, U.S. Navy. 12/20/2010. Retrieved 2012-07-16.