Information economy

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The media industry is an example of the information economy.

Information economy is an economy with an increased emphasis on informational activities and information industry, where information is valued as a capital good.[1] The term was coined by Marc Porat, a graduate student at Stanford University, who would later co-found General Magic.[2]

Manuel Castells states that information economy is not mutually exclusive with manufacturing economy.[3] He finds that some countries such as Germany and Japan exhibit the informatization of manufacturing processes. In a typical conceptualization, however, information economy is considered a "stage" or "phase" of an economy, coming after stages of hunting, agriculture, and manufacturing. This conceptualization can be widely observed regarding information society, a closely related but wider concept.

There are numerous characterizations of the transformations some economies have undergone. Service economy, high-tech economy, late-capitalism, post-Fordism, and global economy are among the most frequently used terms, having some overlaps and contradictions among themselves. Closer terms to information economy would include knowledge economy.

Knowledge workers[edit]

In The Effective Executive by Peter Drucker, Drucker describes the manual worker (page 2) who works with his hands and produces "stuff". The knowledge worker (page 3) works with his head and produces ideas, knowledge, and information.[4]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Boyett, Joseph H. And Jimmie T. Boyett. 2001. The Guru Guide to the Knowledge Economy. John Wiley& Sons. John Wiley & Sons
  • Coyle, Diane. 1997. The Weightless World. MIT Press.
  • Evans, Philip B. and Thomas S. Wurster. 2000. Blown to Bits. Harvard Business School Press.
  • Mcgee, James and Lawrence Prusak. 1993. Managing Information Strategically. Random House
  • Negroponte, Nicholas. 1996. Being Digital.
  • Rayport, Jeffrey F. and John J. Sviokla. 1995. Exploiting the Virtual Value Chain. in: Harvard Business Review (no. 1995)
  • Rifkin, Jeremy (2000). The Age of Access. Penguin Putnam. ISBN 1585420824.
  • Schwartz, Evan I. (1999). Digital Darwinism. Broadway Books. ISBN 0767903331.
  • Shapiro, Carl and Hal R. Varian. 1999. Information Rules: A Strategic Guide to the Network Economy. Harvard Business School Press.
  • Tapscott, Donald. 1996. The Digital Economy. McGraw-Hill.


  1. ^ Coiera, E. (2000-05-01). "Information Economics and the Internet". Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association. 7 (3): 215–221. doi:10.1136/jamia.2000.0070215. ISSN 1067-5027. PMC 61423. PMID 10833157.
  2. ^ Fisher, Adam (2018-08-01). "The Company That Invented the iPhone in 1990". Intelligencer. Retrieved 2021-08-31.
  3. ^ Castells, Manuel (1997). The information age: Economy, society and culture (3 volumes). Blackwell. p. 1998.
  4. ^ Drucker, Peter (1966). The Effective Executive. ISBN 9780060318253.

External links[edit]