Information Therapy was first cited in the literature to mean “information leading patients in the direction of discovering more about their disease.” Later, the term was modified to mean “the therapeutic provision of information to people for the amelioration of physical and mental health and wellbeing,” that could lead to a decrease in the utilization of healthcare resources.
In their book Information therapy: Prescribed Information as a Reimbursable Medical Service, authors Donald W. Kemper and Molly Mettler defined the term to mean the right information, to the right person, at the right time, to help make better decisions or to improve a health behavior. Healthwise, Inc., a nonprofit organization founded by Kemper and Mettler to develop and supply health educational content for the general public, trademarked the symbol "Ix" to represent the term information therapy.
Human factors engineer, Jeff Greene invented a web-based system that combines information therapy with a patented patient-doctor aligned-incentive mechanism, called the MedEncentive Mutual Accountability and Information Therapy (MAIT) Program. In a five-year study of an employer health plan, the MAIT Program was found to be associated with reductions in annual hospitalizations, emergency room visits, and per capita expenditures of 32%, 14%, and 11%, respectively. Greene coined the term “reward-induced information therapy” to mean providing people with the right information, at the right time, in the right way so they are more knowledgeable and motivated to make better decisions about their health behaviors and medical treatment options.
- Lindner, Katherine (May 1992). "Encourage Information Therapy". JAMA. 267 (19): 2592. doi:10.1001/jama.1992.03480190034011.
- Mitchell, D. J. (1994). "Toward a definition of Information Therapy". Proc Annu Symp Comput Appl Med Care: 71–75. PMC 2247874. PMID 7950018.
- Kemper, Donald; Mettler, Molly (2002). Information therapy: Prescribed Information as a Reimbursable Medical Service (First ed.). P.O. 1989, Boise, ID 83701: Healthwise, Incorporated. Retrieved 11 December 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) CS1 maint: location (link)
- Keene, Nikki; Chesser, Amy; Hart, Traci; Twumasi-Ankrah, Philip; Bradham, Douglas (January 2011). "Preliminary Benefits of Information Therapy". Journal of Primary Care & Community Health. 2 (1): 45–48. doi:10.1177/2150131910385005. PMID 23804662. S2CID 24514369.
- Chesser, Amy; Keene, Nicole; Davis, Aaron (January 2012). "Prescribing Information Therapy: Opportunity for Improved Physician-Patient Communication and Patient Health Literacy". Journal of Primary Care & Community Health. 3 (1): 6–10. doi:10.1177/2150131911414712. PMID 23804848. S2CID 7821088.
- Ahmadizadeh, Sara; Bozorgi, Ashraf Sadat; Kashani, Laden (March 2017). "The role of information therapy in reducing anxiety in patients undergoing in vitro fertilisation treatment". Health Information and Libraries Journal. 34 (1): 86–91. doi:10.1111/hir.12169. PMID 28244255. S2CID 205167984.
- Greene, Jeffrey; Hahn, Jolie; French, Dustin; Chambers, Susan; Roswell, Robert (October 2019). "Reduced Hospitalizations, Emergency Room Visits, and Costs Associated with a Web-Based Health Literacy, Aligned-Incentive Intervention: Mixed Methods Study". Journal of Medical Internet Research. 21 (10): e14772. doi:10.2196/14772. PMC 6823604. PMID 31625948.