Infrastructure for Spatial Information in the European Community
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|European Union directive|
|Title||Directive 2007/2/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 March 2007 establishing an Infrastructure for Spatial Information in the European Community (INSPIRE)|
|Journal reference||L 108/1–14|
|Came into force||15 May 2007|
INSPIRE is "an EU initiative to establish an infrastructure for spatial information in Europe that is geared to help to make spatial or geographical information more accessible and interoperable for a wide range of purposes supporting sustainable development".
The INSPIRE directive lays down a general framework for a spatial data infrastructure (SDI) for the purposes of European Community environmental policies and policies or activities which may affect the environment. The INSPIRE Directive entered into force on 15 May 2007.
INSPIRE is based on the infrastructures for spatial information established and operated by the member states of the European Union. The directive addresses 34 spatial data themes needed for environmental applications.
To ensure that the spatial data infrastructures of the member states are compatible and usable in a community and transboundary context, the INSPIRE Directive requires that additional legislation or common Implementing Rules (IR) are adopted for a number of specific areas (metadata, interoperability of spatial data sets and services, network services, data and service sharing and monitoring and reporting). These are published either as Commission Regulations or as Decisions.
The Commission is assisted in the process of adopting such rules by a regulatory committee, INSPIRE Committee, composed of representatives of the member states and chaired by a representative of the Commission (this is known as the Comitology procedure).
The INSPIRE Directive also envisages the creation of an INSPIRE Geoportal. A prototype INSPIRE Geoportal is being developed at the Joint Research Centre, which allows for discovery and viewing of spatial data sets and services. Its aim is to identify issues related to its implementation and accessing distributed INSPIRE services, to help towards the development of the operational geoportal.
INSPIRE Forum: A Web 2.0 site for the exchange of information on INSPIRE and related initiatives.
INSPIRE is one of three related initiatives that are the subject of the GIGAS (GEOSS, INSPIRE and GMES an Action in Support) harmonisation project under the auspices of the EU 7th Framework Programme.
- Association of Geographic Information Laboratories for Europe
- Spatial data infrastructure
- Official website
- 2007 July 4, Alfândega Congress Centre, Rue Nova Da Alfândega, Portugal
- 2008 June 28, Hotel Habakuk Congress Centre, Maribor
- 2009 June 15–19, Rotterdam, Netherlands
- 2010 June 22–25, Auditorium Maximum, Kraków, Poland
- 2011 June 27 – July 1, Edinburgh, Scotland
- 2012 June 23–27, Istanbul, Turkey
- 2013 June 23–27, Florence, Italy
- 2014 June 16–20, Aalborg, Denmark
- 2015 May 25–29, Lisbon, Portugal
- 2016 Sep 26–30, Barcelona, Spain
- 2017 Sep 4–5, Kehl, Germany; 6–8 Sep, Strasbourg, France