Keller in a publicity photo for The Last Year (1951)
15 December 1923|
Friedenau, Berlin, Germany
|Died||6 February 2017
|Spouse(s)||Karl-Eduard von Schnitzler (m. 1952; divorce 1956)|
|Awards||Golden Orange Award for Best Supporting Actress (1999)|
Inge Keller (15 December 1923 – 6 February 2017) was a German stage and film actress whose career on stage and screen spanned seventy years. She was one of the most prominent performers in the former German Democratic Republic. Thomas Langhoff described her as "perhaps the most famous actress of the German Democratic Republic—a star." Deutschlandradio Kultur reporter Dieter Kranz called her "a theater legend".
Internationally, Keller was known for her portrayal of the older Lilly Wust in the Golden Globe nominated Aimée & Jaguar. She won the Award for the Best Supporting Actress in the 36th International Antalya Golden Orange Film Festival for her participation in the film Lola and Billy the Kid.
Keller was born to an affluent family in Berlin in 1923. Her father owned a quarry, and her mother was an industrialist's daughter. She had an older sister and a younger brother. Keller began studying acting out of a whim, after a friend recommended it, and her family did not object.
She made her debut on stage at the Kurfürstendamm Theater on 18 November 1942. In 1943, she became a member of the cast in the Freiberg State Theater, and then moved to the Theater Chemnitz in 1944. Alongside all other theaters in Nazi Germany, the latter was closed down on 1 September 1944, when Joseph Goebbels decided to "extend the Total War into the cultural sphere." Keller lost her exempt status as an actress (as did all artists who were not in the God's Gifted List) and was called up for the Reich Labour Service. She entered a sham marriage to avoid conscription, and divorced soon afterwards. Keller told interviewer Günter Gaus that she was "simply too lazy" to join.
After the war, Keller returned to act in Freiberg, then at the Soviet Occupation Zone, where she remained until 1947. In 1948, she moved to the Hebbel Theater in Kreuzberg, West Berlin. Soon after, director Boleslaw Barlog was impressed by her and accepted her into the Schlosspark Theater in Steglitz, where she received her first major role, that of Waltraut 'Pützchen' von Mohrungen, in The Devil's General. She depicted the character in 250 performances of the play. In all these institutions she also frequently portrayed the character of Inge Ruoff in Friedrich Wolf's Professor Mamlock. At that time, she met and became romantically involved with Karl-Eduard von Schnitzler, whom she followed to East Berlin in 1950. There, she joined the Deutsches Theater, on the stage of which she made her first appearance on 23 December 1950. She remained a member of the ensemble for fifty years.
Height of career
She and von Schnitzler married in 1952, but divorced in 1956; they had one daughter, Barbara, who also became an actress. In the same year, Keller also became a member of the National Front's National Council.
During her long career in the Deutsches Theater, she depicted a large variety of roles. In 1952, she first portrayed Eliza Doolittle in George Bernard Shaw's Pygmalion, directed by Rudolf Noelte. Keller appeared as Doolittle in 472 performances through the years. In 1953, she depicted Emilia in Wolfgang Heinz's production of Othello, with Ernst Busch as Iago. Some other important roles she had in the 1950s included Goneril in Wolfgang Langhoff's 1957 staging of King Lear and Masha in his 1958 production of Three Sisters. In addition to theater, she also appeared in cinema and television, with a first notable role in Kurt Maetzig's 1950 film The Council of the Gods.
On 30 March 1960, Keller received the Art Prize of the German Democratic Republic. On 6 October 1961, she received the National Prize of East Germany, 1st class, for her participation in the television miniseries Conscience in Turmoil: she played the wife of an army officer (Erwin Geschonneck) who chose to surrender Greifswald to the Red Army without a shot, saving the city from ruin. The series was based on the life of Colonel Rudolf Petershagen.
On 4 October 1963, she first performed what was described as "the role of her life", that of the title character in Iphigenia in Tauris, Langhoff's last production before his death. Langhoff's son and theater director in his own right Thomas described her depiction of the Greek princess as "incomparable to anything". Der Tagesspiegel columnist Christoph Funke commented: "Keller turned that role into an unprecedented epitome in the portrayal of strong, self-aware women."
In 1977, she received the National Prize once again. On 24 April 1981, she first appeared in one of her most remembered roles from the 1980s, as Julie in Danton's Death. On 18 November 1983 she performed Mrs. Alving in the East Berlin premiere of Ghosts, another of her stock characters from that decade, with Ulrich Mühe as Oswald.
In 1999, Keller portrayed the older Lilly Wust in the Golden Globe nominated Aimée & Jaguar. She won the Award for the Best Supporting Actress in the 36th International Antalya Golden Orange Film Festival for her participation in the film Lola and Billy the Kid. In 2000, she received the Caroline Neuber Prize of the City of Leipzig for her "outstanding performance in theater, cinema and television". On 23 July 2000, she performed on the stage of the Deutsches Theater for the last time, delivering the monologue of Elisabeth Matrei in Ingeborg Bachmann's Three Ways to the Lake. She then became an honorary member of the theater, though she continued to act as a guest.
- 1949: Quartett zu fünft
- 1950: Der Rat der Götter
- 1951: The Last Year
- 1951: Zugverkehr unregelmäßig
- 1960: Das Leben beginnt
- 1961: Gewissen in Aufruhr (TV miniseries)
- 1963: Jetzt und in der Stunde meines Todes
- 1964: Wolf unter Wölfen (TV)
- 1965: Karla
- 1967: Frau Venus und ihr Teufel
- 1969: Nebelnacht
- 1970: Unterwegs zu Lenin
- 1973: Die Brüder Lautensack (TV)
- 1980: Die Verlobte
- 1984: Ärztinnen
- 1986: Weihnachtsgeschichten (TV)
- 1990: Marie Grubbe
- 1999: Aimée und Jaguar
- 1999: Lola and Billy the Kid
- 2012: Das Kindermädchen
- "Inge Keller: Die "diensthabende Gräfin der DDR" ist tot". Die Zeit (in German). 6 February 2017. ISSN 0044-2070. Retrieved 6 February 2017.
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- Kranz, Dieter (23 December 2005). "Eine Theaterlegende" [A Theater Legend] (in German). Deutschlandradio Kultur. Retrieved 14 December 2012.
- "36. Antalya Altın Portakal Film Festivali" [36th International Antalya Golden Orange Film Festival] (in Turkish). altinportakal.org. Retrieved 14 December 2012.
- "Wowereit verleiht Verdienstorden des Landes Berlin" [Wowereit Bestowes the Berlin Order of Merit] (in German). berlin.de. 2 October 2006. Retrieved 14 December 2012.
- Gaus, Günter (24 March 2001). "Ich staune über mein langes, langes, volles Leben" [I am Amazed by my Long, Full Life] (in German). Rundfunk Berlin-Brandenburg. Retrieved 14 December 2012.
- "Inge Keller" (in German). deutschestheater.de. Retrieved 14 December 2012.
- Schütt, Hans-Dieter (1999). Inge Keller: alles aufs Spiel gesetzt. Das Neue Berlin. ISBN 9783360008626. pp. 244–245.
- Bazinger, Irene (24 December 2005). "Abstand, oder ich morde" [Stand Away, Or I'll Commit Murder] (in German). Berliner Zeitung. Retrieved 14 December 2012.
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- "Keller, Inge (Ingeborg)" (in German). Federal Foundation for the Reappraisal of the SED Dictatorship. Retrieved 14 December 2012.
- Luehrs-Kaiser, Kai (25 July 2000). "Inge Keller, die gestrenge Königin, nahm Abschied" [Inge Keller, the Stern Queen, Departed] (in German). Die Welt. Retrieved 14 December 2012.
- "Inge Keller – Sechzig Jahre Deutsches Theater" [Inge Keller – Sixty Years in the Deutsches Theater] (in German). nachkritik.de. 19 September 2010. Retrieved 14 December 2012.
- Tschernig, Erika (1989). Unsere Kultur: DDR-Zeittafel, 1945–1987. Dietz. ISBN 978-3-320-01132-1. p. 113.
- "DEFA-Chronik für das Jahr 1961". defa.de. Retrieved 14 December 2012.
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- "Inge Keller" (in German). leipzig.de. Retrieved 14 December 2012.
- Kroekel, Harry (24 July 2000). "Inge Keller auf den Flügeln der Zuschauerliebe" [Inge Keller on the Wings of the Audience's Love] (in German). Berliner Kurier. Retrieved 14 December 2012.
- Schäfer, Andreas (4 November 2012). "Eine Legende spricht eine andere" [A Legend Depicts Another One] (in German). Der Tagesspiegel. Retrieved 14 December 2012.
- Slevogt, Esther. "Inge Keller zum 90. Geburtstag: Magierin der Sprache".
- "Deutsche Theater-Legende: Inge Keller ist tot". Spiegel Online (in German). 6 February 2017. Retrieved 6 February 2017.
- Mund, Heike (6 February 2017). "Grande Dame der Bühne: Inge Keller ist tot | Kultur | DW.COM | 6 February 2017". DW.COM (in German). Retrieved 6 February 2017.
- "Quartett zu fünft". Progress Films. Retrieved 6 February 2017.
- Karl Mutzig (11 April 2010). "Der Rat der Götter". Berkeley.edu. Retrieved 6 February 2017.
- Reimer p.21
- "Ostfilm-Zugverkehr unregelmäßig". Filmmerkiste. Retrieved 6 February 2017.
- Wolfgang Behrens (6 February 2017). "Zum Tode von Inge Keller Eine Höhere Tochter, die Vokale knutschte". Retrieved 6 February 2017.
- "Gewissen in Aufruhr". Konsum.Buschfunk.com. Retrieved 6 February 2017.
- "Jetzt und in der Stunde meines Todes". Filmstarts. Retrieved 6 February 2017.
- Inge Keller on IMDb
- "Karla". BerlinAle. Retrieved 6 February 2017.
- "Frau Venus und ihr Teufel". Mitteldeutscher Rundfunk. Retrieved 6 February 2017.
- "Die Brüder Lautensack". Fernsehserien. Retrieved 6 February 2017.
- "Die letzte große Diva des Theaters – Schauspielerin Inge Keller ist tot". T-Online. Retrieved 6 February 2017.
- Anita Gates (19 November 1999). "`Lola and Billy the Kid': A Turkish Transvestite Just Wants Happiness". The New York Times. Retrieved 7 February 2017.
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