Inge Ryan

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Inge Ryan as reading ambassador for Nord-Trøndelag county library
Credit: Inga Frøseth Rossing / Nord-Trøndelag fylkesbibliotek, 2013

Inge Ryan (born 15 August 1956 in Overhalla) is a Norwegian politician for the Socialist Left Party. Since 2009, he has been County Governor of Nord-Trøndelag. Ryan was mayor of Namsskogan from 1991 to 1995, and was a member of the Parliament of Norway from 2001 to 2009, the last four years as his party's parliamentary leader.

Early and personal life[edit]

Ryan was born on 15 August 1956 in Overhalla of forester Arvid Ryan and nurse Irene Opdal. He attended Øysletta School from 1963 to 1969.[1] At the age of eight, be started the association Tiger to establish a ski jump.[2] He attended Overhalla Lower Secondary School from 1969 to 1972,[1] and was during the period active in orienteering and association football as a goalie.[2] He attended Namdal Upper Secondary School from 1972 to 1975, where he took general academics.[1] During secondary school, his best subject was history.[2]

On 5 November 2005, Ryan married Bjørg Tørresdal. She was a fellow member of parliament, representing the Christian Democratic Party. Priest and Minister of the Environment Helen Bjørnøy wedded the couple.[3]

In June 2009, Ryan was admitted to Ullevål University Hospital for treatment. His close friend and Minister of Health and Care Services, Bjarne Håkon Hanssen from the Labour Party, phoned director Tove Strand at Ullevål to inquire why Ryan was not admitted to Rikshospitalet and whether he was receivin the necessary treatment. This spurred a public debate about the incident.[4]

Professional career[edit]

While attending secondary school, Ryan had several small jobs, including for Øyvind Johansen. When 18, Ryan worked at a fish factory in Sørvær.[2] Ryan worked as a teacher at Skorovatn School from 1975 to 1977,[2] after which he studied teaching at Levanger College and Alta College, graduating in 1980. He has also studied history at Bodø College and pedagogy at the University of Trondheim.[1] He then started working as a teacher at Trones School in Namsskogan until 1987, when he was appointed principal.[1] Among his pedagogical methods were starting a local radio station, run by the students, and establishing the zoo Namsskogan Familiepark, with the pupils as minority shareholders, and established a bakers run by the students. He returned as teacher again in 1991,[1] but chose to apply for the job as principal in Alvdal. He war awarded the job, but never started working before he was elected mayor.[2] Ryan was also a board member of Namsskogan Familiepark from 1987 to 1991. He worked as mayor from 1991 to 1995, and from then until 1997 was regional director of the Norwegian Public Employment Service.[1] In 1996, he applied for the job as chief-of-administration in Tromsø, but failed to get the job.[5] He quit this job in protest against the state's unemployment policies, because he had been instructed to "depopulate Indre Namdal", because the agency policies required people to be moved if they could not get jobs locally.[6] From 1997 to 2001, he was the director of Indre Namdal Regional Council. From 2001 to 2009, Ryan worked as a full-time member of parliament. On 19 December 2008, Ryan was appointed County Governor of Nord-Trøndelag.[1] He started on 1 November 2009, succeeding Oddbjørn Nordset, who had been acting for Inger Lise Gjørv since 2008. Initially, he holds the position for six years.[2]

Political career[edit]

Ryan's first political activity started at the age of 15, when his grandfather Helge Opdal took him to a political meeting, where Ryan listed to the Labour politician Guttorm Hansen. In 1971, Ryan attended Red Youth's summer camp, the youth wing of the Red Electoral Alliance. He was given a code name and started a chapter in Overhalla. At upper secondary school, Ryan became an active promoter of the socialist newspaper Klassekampen. Ryan's interest for politics died down afterwards.[2]

Municipal and county[edit]

Prior to the 1983 municipal election, Odd Einar Dørum, the leader of the Liberal Party asked him to run as a candidate for the municipal council, and Ryan accepted since he did no disagree with anything on the program. He was however not elected. In 1989, the Socialist Left Party started a chapter in Namsskogan, and Ryan was nominated as top candidate. Following the 1991 election, the party won 26.2% of the popular vote. The party cooperated with the Centre Party, which involved the Socialist Left Party gaining the mayor for the four-year term in exchange for supporting the Centre Party's candidate in the next term. Ryan, who had never met in a single municipal council meeting, was thereby elected mayor.[2] Nationally, the party captured only seven mayors in the election.[7] In the same election, Ryan was also elected member of Nord-Trøndelag County Council. The following year, Ryan was appointed as board member of the county-owned power company Nord-Trøndelag Elektrisitetsverk, where he sat until 1999. He was also leader of the Namsskogan chapter of the Socialist Left Party.[1]

In the 1995 election, Ryan was re-elected to the municipal council and county council, and subsequently appointed deputy mayor of Namsskogan and the county's executive board. In 1996, he was appointed to the board of a government committee to grant subsidies to local stores in remote locations. The same year, became a deputy board member of Nord-Trøndelag University College, and from 1999 until 2001 he was a regular member. From 1998 to 2002, he also sat on the board of Trøndelag R&D Institute. Following the 1999 election, Ryan was re-elected to the municipal and county councils, and was appointed to the county's executive board. From 1999 to 2001, Ryan sat on the board for Norwegian Association of Local and Regional Authorities (KS).[1] Ryan also sat in the KS-appointed Stand Committee, led by Morten Strand, that suggested to reduce the number of directorate and reduce the influence of the county governors.[8]

Parliament and national politics[edit]

Ryan (right) and two other members of parliament for Nord-Trøndelag: Gerd Janne Kristoffersen (left) and Arild Stokkan-Grande

Prior to the 1993 parliamentary election, Ryan was one of three nominee candidates for the Socialist Left Party's list in Nord-Trøndelag. Ryan was nominated on third place on the list, after Jorunn Hageler and Inge Staldvik.[9][10] Hageler was elected to parliament, and Ryan was her second deputy during the term 1993 to 1997.[1] Prior to the 1997 election, Ryan was launched as an alternative top candidate for Nord-Trøndelag. At the nomination meeting, Hageler won 23 against Ryan's 13 votes, and Ryan was placed on second place on the list.[11] After the nomination, Hageler stated that she regreted having said that Ryan was less suitable to sit in parliament than her because of his down-to-earth appeal and informal dress code.[12] The party failed to win a seat from the county in 1997. Ryan was a possible candidate to became deputy party leader of his party in 1997, but was instead appointed as central board member.[13] He became deputy leader in 1999, a position he held until 2001.[1]

In the 2001 election, Ryan was the party's top candidate in the county, and succeeded in winning a seat. The party did its best election every, including in Nord-Trøndelag, where it won 13.8% of the votes, up 7.5% compared to 1997.[14] Ryan became a member of the party's largest parliamentary group ever. During the parliamentary term from 2001 to 2005, Ryan was a member of the Standing Committee on Business and Industry and the Election Committee. He was a member of the parliamentary delegation to the Nordic Council. He also was a deputy member of the European Committee and the delegation to the United Nations General Assembly.[1]

In the 2005 election, Ryan was successful at retaining his seat. Following the Socialist Left Party entering government as part of Stoltenberg's Second Cabinet, Ryan was appointed the party's parliamentary leader. He was appointed first vice chair of the Standing Committee on Scrutiny and Constitutional Affairs, a position he held until 24 November 2007, when he again sat on the Standing Committee on Business and Industry. For the full term 2005 to 2009, he was a member of the Election Committee and the Enlarged Committee on Foreign Affairs. He was a delegate to the Nordic Council, and from 2007 a delegate to the United Nations General Assembly.[1]

Political policy[edit]

Since the 1970s, Namsskogan had experienced a rapid decline in the population, from 1,750 to 1,000 in the early 1990s. Among Ryan's political changes as mayor was to encourage people to take their holidays in the winter instead of the summer. He argued that the three main industries in Namsskogan—agriculture, forestry and tourism—all had their peaks during May through October, but that it was difficult to get sufficient work-force during this period because people were on holiday. The municipality offered NOK 4,000 to anyone who took their three-week summer vacation during the winter.[15] Ryan also introduced a public service office, where residents could be served with all necessary public over-the-counter services at one place. For people living outside the community center, a cooperation was made with local stores where people could send in standardized application there. Some simple applications, such as erecting a simple garage, were approved on the stop at the service office. The Socialist Left Party used Namsskogan during the 1995 election as their prime example for how they wanted to modernize the public sector.[16]

Ryan's election as party deputy leader in 1999 was largely due to the party's parliamentary support for the 1999 NATO bombing of Yugoslavia. Ryan represented the branch of the party that was opposed to the Norwegian participation in the war, and was appointed to supplement the Kristin Halvorsen and Øystein Djupedal, who were both in favor of the bombings.[17] In 2001, Ryan proposed allowing local stores to function as branches of Vinmonopolet, the state-run liquer stores, to allow liquer and wine retailing in rural areas.[18]

During the 2001 election, Ryan's main issues were related to regional policy. He wanted to introduce subsidies for local stores in rural areas,[19] and equal price throughout the country for power line component in the electrical prices.[20] Other issues were increased funding for schools,[21] increasing the progressivity of taxation[22] and making a two-tier system for taxes on electricity.[23] After being elected, Ryan worked to try to establish public service offices, and wanted to force state agencies to participate in these.[24] He also called for a separate Minister of Rural Affairs.[25]

Election results[edit]

Municipal elections[edit]

Party 1983[26][27] 1991[28][29] 1995[30] 1999[31]
Votes  % Votes  %  % Seats Votes  % Seats
Labour 395 53.8 236 35.7 31.8 5 205 37.2 7
Socialist Left 173 26.2 27.5 5 114 20.7 3
Centre 71 9.7 111 16.8 20.9 4
Liberal 36 4.9
Christian Democratic 31 4.7
Local list 232 31.6 110 16.6 19.8 3 232 42.1 7
Outcome Not elected Mayor Deputy mayor Elected

County elections[edit]

Party 1991[32] 1995[30][32] 1999[32]
Seats  % Seats Votes  % Seats
Labour 16 35.9 17 20,412 37.5 18
Centre 14 32.6 15 11,469 21.1 10
Socialist Left 6 7.0 3 5,651 10.4 5
Conservative 4 8.5 4 5,179 9.5 4
Christian Democratic 2 4.8 2 3,749 6.9 3
Progress 1 4.6 2 4,007 7.4 3
Liberal 2 5.2 2 2,897 5.3 2
Other 0 1.4 0 1,031 1.9 0
Outcome Elected Elected Elected

Parliamentary elections[edit]

In the 1993 and 1997, Ryan was third and second candidate on the lists. For the 2001 and 2005 elections, he was the top candidate.

Party 1993[33][34] 1997[35] 2001[36] 2005[37]
 % Seats Votes  % Seats Votes  % Seats Votes  % Seats
Labour 38.4 3 29,370 40.1 3 22,703 32.4 2 29,359 40.0 2
Centre 31.1 2 14,003 19.1 1 10,878 15.5 1 11,966 16.3 1
Socialist Left 9.8 1 4,601 6.3 0 9,671 13.8 1 8,399 11.5 1
Progress 2.5 0 6,651 9.1 1 7,445 10.6 1 10,916 14.9 1
Christian Democratic 4.6 0 8,845 12.1 1 7,260 10.4 1 3,439 4.7 0
Conservative 8.1 0 4,981 6.8 0 7,191 10.3 0 5,094 6.9 0
Liberal 4.1 0 3,446 4.7 0 2,408 3.4 0 3,165 4.3 1†
Other 1.0 0 1,394 1.8 0 2,550 3.6 0 1,000 1.4 0
Outcome Second deputy Not elected Elected Elected

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Parliament of Norway. "Inge Ryan" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 1 November 2009. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Arntsen, Håkon (31 October 2009). "Inge Ryan har vært matros lenge nok. Nå tar han over skuta.". Trønder-Avisa (in Norwegian). pp. 11–14. 
  3. ^ Jensen, Ingvild (18 October 2005). "Politiske rivaler gifter seg". Nettavisen (in Norwegian). Retrieved 1 November 2009. [dead link]
  4. ^ "- Vi gjør vårt ytterste for alle". Dagbladet (in Norwegian). 20 June 2009. p. 4. 
  5. ^ Seljeseth, Geir (28 September 1996). "Rådmann". Nordlys (in Norwegian). p. 23. 
  6. ^ "Ryan (SV) går i protest". Verdens Gang (in Norwegian). 9 April 1997. 
  7. ^ Nilsen, Ole Johan (17 November 1992). "Historisk ordførermøte i SV". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). p. 6. 
  8. ^ Braathen, Truls (8 November 2000). "KS-utvalg vil slanke Fylkesmannen". Kommunal Rapport (in Norwegian). 
  9. ^ Folgerø, Arnt (12 February 1993). "Sv-nominasjon med mye krøll i Nord-Trøndelag" (in Norwegian). Norwegian News Agency. 
  10. ^ "Staldvik nummber to på Nord-Trøndelag SVs liste" (in Norwegian). Norwegian News Agency. 14 February 1993. 
  11. ^ "SV: Tapte nominasjon, tar nestleder-tenkepause" (in Norwegian). Norwegian News Agency. 16 February 1997. 
  12. ^ "SV-Hageler beklager". Verdens Gang (in Norwegian). 9 April 1997. 
  13. ^ "Djupedal og Inger Lise Hansen nestledere i SV" (in Norwegian). Norwegian News Agency. 7 March 1997. 
  14. ^ Okkenhaug, Knut (12 September 2009). "Kappløp om sistemandatet". Adresseavisen (in Norwegian). p. 27. 
  15. ^ Bondø, Tor-Hartvig, Lars Chr. Wegner and Thor Nielsen (27 September 1993). "–Sommerferie i Januar". Verdens Gang (in Norwegian). p. 12. 
  16. ^ Bondø, Tor-Hartvig and Thor Nielsen (4 May 1995). "... Og hva stemmer du?". Verdens Gang (in Norwegian). 
  17. ^ Johansen, Per Anders (12 April 1999). "Lettet Halvorsen gjenvalgt som leder i Sosialistisk Venstreparti". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). p. 5. 
  18. ^ Sandmo, Alfred (1 March 2001). "Butikker på bygda kan få pol". Adresseavisen (in Norwegian). p. 3. 
  19. ^ Glosemeyer, Lena (2 August 2001). "Vil innføre nærbutikkstøtte". Nordlys (in Norwegian). p. 6. 
  20. ^ "SV vil gi strømkundene lik nettleie". Nordlys (in Norwegian). Associated Press. 10 August 2001. p. 11. 
  21. ^ Hansen, H. (10 August 2001). "SV lover skolemilliarder". Adresseavisen (in Norwegian). p. 4. 
  22. ^ Ryan, Inge (10 August 2001). "Mer skatt for de rike". Adresseavisen (in Norwegian). p. 15. 
  23. ^ Ellingsen, Per (11 June 2001). "SV: Toprissystem på strøm". Dagbladet (in Norwegian). p. 11. 
  24. ^ Pedersen, Ole P. (28 November 2001). "Lei etter ti års motstand". Kommunal Rapport (in Norwegian). 
  25. ^ Bjøru, Stein (11 January 2002). "Ryan ønsker distriktsminister". Adresseavisen (in Norwegian). 
  26. ^ Statistics Norway (1983). "Kommunevalget i 1983. Godkjente stemmer etter parti/valgliste. Kommune. Absolutte tall" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2 November 2009. 
  27. ^ Statistics Norway (1983). "Kommunevalget i 1983. Godkjente stemmer etter parti/valgliste. Kommune. Prosent" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2 November 2009. 
  28. ^ Statistics Norway (1991). "Kommunevalget 1991. Godkjente stemmer etter parti/valgliste. Kommune. Absolutte tall" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2 November 2009. 
  29. ^ Statistics Norway (1991). "Kommunevalget 1991. Godkjente stemmer etter parti/valgliste. Kommune. Prosent" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2 November 2009. 
  30. ^ a b Statistics Norway (1995). "Tabell 1. Kommunestyre og fylkestingsvalget 1995. Personer med stemmerett og valgdeltaking. Kommune" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2 November 2009. 
  31. ^ Statistics Norway (1999). "Municipal Council Election 1999" (PDF). Retrieved 2 November 2009. 
  32. ^ a b c Statistics Norway (1999). "County Council Election 1999" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2 November 2009. 
  33. ^ Statistics Norway (1993). "Stortingsvalget 1993. Godkjente stemmer etter parti/valgliste. Prosent" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2 November 2009. 
  34. ^ Statistics Norway (1993). "Stortingsvalget 1993. Valgte representanter etter parti. Fylke" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2 November 2009. 
  35. ^ Statistics Norway (1997). "Stortingsvalget i Nord-Trøndelag" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2 November 2009. 
  36. ^ Norwegian Ministry of Local Government and Regional Development (2001). "Resultater for Nord-Trøndelag" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2 November 2009. 
  37. ^ Norwegian Ministry of Local Government and Regional Development (2005). "Resultater for Nord-Trøndelag" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2 November 2009.