Ingegerd Birgersdotter of Bjelbo

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Ingegerd Birgersdotter of Bjelbo
Queen consort of Sweden
Reign c. 1200–1208
Born c. 1180
Died c. 1210/1230
Spouse Sverker II of Sweden
Father Birger Brosa
Mother Queen Brigida
Coat of Arms of Bjelbo

Ingegerd (or Ingegärd) Birgersdotter of Bjelbo (or Bjälbo), (ca. 1180–7 April after 1210, possibly 1230), was a Swedish Queen Consort, second spouse of King Sverker II of Sweden.

Ingegerd was born into one of Sweden's most powerful noble families, the Bjälbo family, as the child of the powerful Jarl Birger Brosa and the Queen Dowager Brigida Haraldsdotter; her mother was the child of King Harald Gille of Norway and had, in her first marriage, herself been the Queen of Sweden in 1160–1161.[1]

Life as queen[edit]

In c. 1200, she was married to King Sverker after the death of his first consort Benedicta, and became Queen of Sweden directly upon her marriage. Through her connections, she was to play an important part in her husband's politics. In 1202, her father died, and queen Ingegerd and her husband proclaimed their one-year-old son Prince Johan as the heir and head of the Bjälbo clan through her, with the title jarl. It appears that this move estranged the Bjälbo clan from Sverker's court. The sons of the previous king Canute I fled to Norway in 1204, returning in the next year with Norwegian backing. Three of the sons were killed at the Battle of Älgarås while the fourth, Eric escaped. These bloody events seem to have set Ingegerd's relatives on Eric's side, as seen from events in the next years.[2] Whatever attempts Ingegerd may have done to act as mediator between the king and her family failed to reconcile them. Sverker and Eric met at the Battle of Lena in 1208 where her brother Knut Jarl was killed on Eric's side, possibly together with her uncle Magnus Minniskiöld. However, Eric won and was established as king. Two years later, in 1210, her husband tried to regain the throne but was killed at the Battle of Gestilren. Folke Jarl, probably another of her brothers, was slain on Eric's side.[3]

After Gestilren[edit]

The later life of queen Ingegerd is not known, nor is the year of her death. In 1216, her son Johan was made king, but the sources do not mention anything about his mother. Historians suggest that she spent her later life with her brother Magnus, in Scania, or in some other part of Denmark. It has been suggested that she may have survived until c. 1230.[4]

The sources for Ingegerd's history are limited to a few references in Norse sources. The lack of chronological precision has caused an alternative interpretation of the order of Sverker II's marriages.[5] Thus Ingegerd might have been the first queen in the late 12th and early 13th centuries. After her death, Sverker would have married Benedicta Ebbesdotter of Hvide, whose father Ebbe Sunesen, a brother of Archbishop Andreas Sunesen in Lund, supported Sverker in the disastrous Battle of Lena.[6]

Children[edit]

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hans GIllingstam, "Ingegerd", Svenskt biografiskt lexikon, https://sok.riksarkivet.se/Sbl/Presentation.aspx?id=11953
  2. ^ Adolf Schück, "Till Sverker d.y.:s historia, 1. Sverkers familjeförhållanden", Historisk tidskrift 76, 1956.
  3. ^ A.M. Strinnholm, Svenska folkets historia, Vol. IV. Stockholm: Hörbergska Boktryckeriet, 1852, p. 235-8.
  4. ^ Åke Ohlmarks, Alla Sveriges drottningar. Stockholm: Gebers, 1973, p. 56.
  5. ^ Hans Gillingstam, "Ingegerd", Svenskt biografiskt lexikon, https://sok.riksarkivet.se/Sbl/Presentation.aspx?id=11953
  6. ^ H. Toll, "Konung Sverker den andres drottningar", Fornvännen, 1920.

Further reading[edit]

  • Agneta Conradi Mattsson: Riseberga kloster, Birger Brosa & Filipssönerna (Risberga convent, Birger Brosa and the sons of Philip) Vetenskapliga skrifter utgivna av Örebro läns museum 2, 1998, ISBN 91-85642-24-X
  • Dick Harrison: Jarlens sekel - En berättelse om 1200-talets Sverige. (The century of the jarl en story from 13th century Sweden) Ordfront, Stockholm, 2002, ISBN 91-7324-999-8
  • Åke Ohlmarks: Alla Sveriges drottningar. (All the queens of Sweden) Stockholm: Gebers, 1973.
Ingegerd Birgersdotter
Born: c. 1180 Died: 7 April after 1210 (1230?)
Swedish royalty
Preceded by
Benedikte Ebbesdotter
Queen consort of Sweden
1200–1208
Succeeded by
Rikissa of Denmark