Ingemar Johansson

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For the Swedish race walker, see Ingemar Johansson (racewalker).
Ingemar Johansson
IngemarJohansson 2.jpg
Statistics
Nickname(s)
  • Ingo
  • The Hammer of Thor[1]
Rated at Heavyweight
Height 1.84 m (6 ft 0 in)
Reach 183 cm (72 in)
Nationality Swedish
Born (1932-09-22)22 September 1932
Gothenburg, Sweden
Died 30 January 2009(2009-01-30) (aged 76)
Kungsbacka, Sweden
Stance Orthodox
Boxing record
Total fights 28
Wins 26
Wins by KO 17
Losses 2

Jens Ingemar Johansson[2] (Swedish: [ˈɪŋːɛmar ²juːhansˌsɔn]; 22 September 1932 – 30 January 2009) was a Swedish professional boxer who competed from 1952 to 1963. He held the world heavyweight title from 1959 to 1960, and was the fifth heavyweight champion born outside the United States. Johansson won the title after defeating Floyd Patterson by third-round stoppage, after flooring him seven times in that round. For this achievement, Johansson was awarded the Hickok Belt as top professional athlete of the year—the only non-American to do so in the belt's entire 27-year existence—and was named the Associated Press Male Athlete of the Year and Sports Illustrated Sportsman of the Year.

Johansson also held the European heavyweight title twice, from 1956 to 1958, and in 1962. As an amateur he won a silver medal in the heavyweight division at the 1952 Summer Olympics. He affectionately named his right fist "toonder and lightning" for its concussive power (it was also called "Ingo's bingo" and the "Hammer of Thor"), and in 2003 he was ranked at No. 99 on The Ring magazine's list of the 100 greatest punchers of all time.[3] He reputedly had recurring bone trouble in his right hand throughout his career as a result.

Professional career[edit]

Early years[edit]

Johansson's introduction to the top rank of the sport was inauspicious. At age eighteen he was disqualified for passivity at the Helsinki 1952 Summer Olympics in the heavyweight competition in a fight against eventual Olympic gold medalist Ed Sanders. Johansson maintained he was not evading Sanders (who also got a warning for passivity), but rather was trying to tire his opponent. Johansson said he had been limited to a 10-day training camp, had only trained with newcomers, and had been told by his coach to let Sanders be the aggressor. Nevertheless, his silver medal was withheld for poor performance and only presented to him in 1982.[4]

Johansson had earned his spot in the Olympics by winning the Swedish National Championship earlier the same year, 1952, after he knocked out his opponent in the first round of the final.[5]

After the Olympics Johansson went into seclusion for six months and considered quitting boxing. However, he returned to the ring and turned professional under the guidance of the Swedish publisher and boxing promoter Edwin Ahlquist, subsequently winning his first 21 professional fights. He won the Scandinavian pro title by knocking down and outscoring the Dane Erik Jensen (breaking his right hand in the process). A broken hand and a one-year military service kept him out of the ring until late 1954. In August 1955, in his twelfth professional fight, Johansson knocked out former European Heavyweight Champion Hein ten Hoff in the first round. He took the Scandinavian heavyweight title in 1953 and, on 30 September 1956, he won the European Heavyweight Championship by scoring a 13th-round KO over Italy's Franco Cavicchi in Milan for the European title.

Johansson successfully defended his European Crown against ranked heavyweights Henry Cooper (fifth-round KO on 19 May 1957) and Joe Erskine, with a TKO in 13 on 21 February 1958.[6]

World heavyweight champion[edit]

Johansson knocks out Floyd Patterson to become world heavyweight champion, 1959

Johansson earned his shot at the world heavyweight crown when he knocked out top ranked contender Eddie Machen in the first round of their elimination match on 14 September 1958. In front of 53,615 fans in Ullevi football stadium, Johansson downed Machen three times, finally finishing him with a barrage of punches at 2:16 of the first round. Johansson then signed to fight champion Floyd Patterson.

Johansson was a colourful figure in New York City as he trained for the fight. Eschewing the monastic training regimen favored by Patterson and other fighters, Johansson trained at the Catskill resort of Grossingers. He did not seem to train particularly hard, and was often seen at night spots with his attractive girlfriend, Elaine Sloane, whom he asked out while she was working for Sports Illustrated.

He entered the ring in Yankee Stadium on 26 June 1959, as a 5–1 underdog.[7] Johansson spent the first two rounds of the encounter retreating and flicking a light left jab at the champion. In the third round, Johansson threw a wide left hook that Patterson blocked with his right hand.[8] When he moved his right hand away from its protective peek-a-boo position before his chin, Johansson drilled him with a short powerful right hand. Patterson went down, arose on unsteady legs and was out on his feet. Johansson followed up his advantage and sent Patterson down six more times in the round before the bout was stopped by referee Ruby Goldstein.[7][8] Johansson celebrated with his girlfriend and future wife Birgit Lundgren and the next day a headline in a New York newspaper expressed the city's amazement. It read: "Ingo – It's Bingo." [9] When Johansson returned to Sweden, he flew in on a helicopter, landing in the main football stadium in Gothenburg, his home town, and was cheered by 20,000 people.[10] He appeared on the cover of Sports Illustrated, as well as the cover of Life Magazine on 20 July 1959, alongside Birgit.[8]

Johansson was a flamboyant champion – a precursor to the "Swinging Sixties". One publication dubbed Johansson "boxing's Cary Grant" and in 1960 he appeared in the movie All the Young Men as a marine, alongside stars Alan Ladd and Sidney Poitier. Wherever he went, in the U.S. or in Sweden, he had a beautiful woman on his arm, with paparazzi snapping pictures.[11]

To train for the third fight with Patterson, Ingemar sparred with a young Muhammad Ali, (known then as Cassius Clay) in Miami Beach. After Cassius had "boxed his way around the ring, as if it was he, using 'Ingo' as a sparring partner", somebody offered $100,000 to Ingemar to fight in a televised event with Ali, but Ingemar declined saying that the fight would not draw three ticket holders and that Ali did not have the ability to step in the ring with him at that time.[12]

Rematch with Patterson[edit]

Johansson proposed to girlfriend Birgit in April 1960 after the champion visited Egypt. Then he turned his attention to defending his title against Floyd Patterson.[13] The two signed for a rematch on 20 June 1960. Patterson knocked Johansson out in the fifth round with a leaping left hook to become the first man to recover the world's undisputed heavyweight title. The punch caught Johansson's chin and he hit the canvas with a thud, out cold before he landed flat on his back. With blood trickling from his mouth, his glazed eyes staring up at the ring lights, and his left foot twitching, the Swede was counted out. After the count, Patterson showed his concern for Johansson by cradling his motionless opponent, and promising him a second rematch. Johansson lay flat on his back on the canvas for five minutes before he was placed on a stool brought into the ring. He was still dazed and unsteady fifteen minutes after the knockout as he was helped out of the ring.

Third match with Patterson[edit]

Patterson and Johansson fought their final match on 13 March 1961. Johansson appeared to be in the worst physical condition of his three bouts with Patterson. A. J. Liebling, writing in The New Yorker, said the outcome seemed preordained and that Johansson was not dieting for the fight, eating creamed chicken, strawberry shortcake, and cherry cheesecake. Nonetheless the fight was competitive. Johansson caught Patterson leaping at him in the very first round and knocked him down. He followed his advantage up by scoring another knockdown, but was himself caught going in wide open by that famous Patterson left hook. It knocked him down. As the fight progressed, it became obvious that Johansson was spent. Patterson won when the referee swiftly stopped the contest in round six after Johansson had been down.

Later career and retirement[edit]

Johansson, then only 29, returned to Europe. He recaptured the European crown from Dick Richardson by an eight-round KO on 17 June 1962. By this time, Sonny Liston had captured the heavyweight crown from Patterson, and efforts were underway to match Johansson with Liston.

Johansson, however, fought journeyman heavyweight Brian London on 21 April 1963, in a non-title twelve-round match. Johansson won most of the rounds by boxing fairly well but not throwing a serious right hand punch throughout the entire fight. In round twelve, with four seconds remaining in the fight, London tagged Johansson with a powerful right hand that knocked him down flat on his back. Johansson arose at the count of four, just as the bell rang to end the fight. Film of this fight clearly illustrates Ingo was upright but groggy at the sound of the bell, but was the points winner.

The next day, the front page of Stockholm's newspapers showed a photo of him dizzy, climbing the ropes, with the headline "Wake up Ingo – You won!" After seeing this, he sat down and wrote a letter to the European Boxing Union, resigning his title and retiring from boxing at the age of 30.

Professional boxing record[edit]

Professional record summary
28 fights 26 wins 2 losses
By knockout 17 2
By decision 8 0
By disqualification 1 0
No. Result Record Opponent Type Round, time Date Location Notes
28 Win 26–2 Brian London PTS 12 21 Apr 1963 Johanneshovs Isstadion, Stockholm, Sweden
27 Win 25–2 Dick Richardson KO 8 (15), 2:13 17 Jun 1962 Ullevi, Gothenburg, Sweden Won European heavyweight title
26 Win 24–2 Wim Snök KO 5 (10), 1:15 15 Apr 1962 Kungliga tennishallen, Stockholm, Sweden
25 Win 23–2 Joe Bygraves TKO 7 (12), 2:08 9 Feb 1962 Exhibition and Congress Centre, Gothenburg, Sweden
24 Loss 22–2 Floyd Patterson KO 6 (15), 2:45 13 Mar 1961 Exhibition Hall, Miami Beach, Florida, US For The Ring and world heavyweight titles
23 Loss 22–1 Floyd Patterson KO 5 (15), 1:51 20 Jun 1960 Polo Grounds, New York City, New York, US Lost The Ring and world heavyweight titles
22 Win 22–0 Floyd Patterson TKO 3 (15), 2:03 26 Jun 1959 Yankee Stadium, New York City, New York, US Won The Ring and world heavyweight titles
21 Win 21–0 Eddie Machen KO 1 (12), 2:16 14 Sep 1958 Ullevi, Gothenburg, Sweden
20 Win 20–0 Heinz Neuhaus TKO 4 (12), 2:56 13 Jul 1958 Ullevi, Gothenburg, Sweden
19 Win 19–0 Joe Erskine TKO 13 (15) 21 Feb 1958 Exhibition and Congress Centre, Gothenburg, Sweden Retained European heavyweight title
18 Win 18–0 Archie McBride PTS 10 13 Dec 1957 Exhibition and Congress Centre, Gothenburg, Sweden
17 Win 17–0 Henry Cooper KO 5 (15), 2:57 19 May 1957 Råsunda Stadium, Stockholm, Sweden Retained European heavyweight title
16 Win 16–0 Peter Bates KO 2 (10), 1:45 28 Dec 1956 Exhibition and Congress Centre, Gothenburg, Sweden
15 Win 15–0 Franco Cavicchi KO 13 (15), 1:16 30 Sep 1956 PalaDozza, Bologna, Italy Won European heavyweight title
14 Win 14–0 Hans Friedrich PTS 10 15 Apr 1956 Kungliga tennishallen, Stockholm, Sweden
13 Win 13–0 Joe Bygraves PTS 8 24 Feb 1956 Exhibition and Congress Centre, Gothenburg, Sweden
12 Win 12–0 Hein ten Hoff KO 1 (8), 1:00 28 Aug 1955 Ullevi, Gothenburg, Sweden
11 Win 11–0 Günter Nurnberg KO 7 (8) 12 Jun 1955 Westfalenhalle, Dortmund, Germany
10 Win 10–0 Uber Bacilieri UD 8 3 Apr 1955 Kungliga tennishallen, Stockholm, Sweden
9 Win 9–0 Aldo Pellegrini DQ 5 (8) 4 Mar 1955 Exhibition and Congress Centre, Gothenburg, Sweden Pellegrini disqualified for repeated low blows
8 Win 8–0 Kurt Schiegl TKO 5 (8), 2:28 13 Feb 1955 Kungliga tennishallen, Stockholm, Sweden
7 Win 7–0 Ansell Adams PTS 8 6 Jan 1955 Exhibition and Congress Centre, Gothenburg, Sweden
6 Win 6–0 Werner Wiegand TKO 5 (8), 2:45 5 Nov 1954 Exhibition and Congress Centre, Gothenburg, Sweden
5 Win 5–0 Raymond Degl'lnnocenti KO 2 (6) 3 Dec 1953 Exhibition and Congress Centre, Gothenburg, Sweden
4 Win 4–0 Erik Jensen PTS 6 12 Mar 1953 K.B. Hallen, Copenhagen, Denmark Won vacant Scandinavian heavyweight title
3 Win 3–0 Lloyd Barnett PTS 8 6 Mar 1953 Exhibition and Congress Centre, Gothenburg, Sweden
2 Win 2–0 Emile Bentz KO 2 (6), 0:32 6 Feb 1953 Exhibition and Congress Centre, Gothenburg, Sweden
1 Win 1–0 Robert Masson KO 4 (8), 1:30 5 Dec 1952 Exhibition and Congress Centre, Gothenburg, Sweden Professional debut

Titles in boxing[edit]

Regional titles
Preceded by
Franco Cavicchi
European heavyweight champion
30 September 1956 – July 1958
Vacated
Vacant
Title next held by
Dick Richardson
Preceded by
Dick Richardson
European heavyweight champion
17 June 1962 – 1963
Vacated
Vacant
Title next held by
Henry Cooper
World titles
Preceded by
Floyd Patterson
The Ring heavyweight champion
26 June 1959 – 20 June 1960
Succeeded by
Floyd Patterson
World heavyweight champion
26 June 1959 – 20 June 1960

Life after boxing[edit]

"Ingo the Champ", Peter Linde's bronze statue of Johansson, was unveiled in his home town Gothenburg in 2011, outside the Ullevi stadium where he won a fight in 1958 against Eddie Machen

Ingemar Johansson and Floyd Patterson became good friends who flew across the Atlantic to visit each other every year.

Johansson made several films in Sweden and appeared as a marine in the Korean War film All the Young Men (1960). In the 1960s along with other business interests, Johansson co-promoted boxing cards in Sweden, including several with ex-champ Sonny Liston (1966 and 1967). On 22 April 1966, he boxed a five-round exhibition with European Heavyweight Champion Karl Mildenberger for his first co-promotion. He also owned a fishing boat and a bar called "Ingo's".

By the 1970s he resided in Pompano Beach, Florida, where he owned a hotel. He ran in marathons (including the Boston Marathon) all over the world until the mid-1980s. In 1985 he completed the Stockholm Marathon.

During the 1990s Johansson and Patterson would attend boxing conventions and also sign their autographs on boxing memorabilia. They continued to be friends until the onset of Alzheimer's disease incapacitated them both. It is thought the illness was of the type linked to boxing, although his career was fairly short compared to some champions. In the 1990s Johansson's business interests in Sweden included sports apparel and a light lager beer called "Hammer", named for his punching prowess.

In 2000, the Swedish Sports Academy selected Johansson as Sweden's third-best athlete of the 20th century, behind tennis great Björn Borg and Alpine skiing great Ingemar Stenmark. In 2002, he was inducted to the International Boxing Hall of Fame.

Having suffered from Alzheimer's disease and dementia since the mid-1990s, he lived in a nursing home in Kungsbacka while his health deteriorated. In the later stages of his illness, he was reunited with his second wife, Birgit, who was at his side when he died on 30 January 2009, from complications following pneumonia.[10][14] At the time of his death, he was at age 76 the oldest living heavyweight champion. Johansson was married three times[10] and is survived by five children.[15]

In January 2011, the 1959 Johnny Lion song "Ingemar Johansson", which chronicles the 1959 Patterson fight, was re-released on the compilation album From The Vault: The Coed Records Lost Master Tapes, Volume 1.[16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ingemar Johansson". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 24 June 2015. 
  2. ^ According to the Swedish Taxation Agency, Johansson was registered as Jens Ingmar Johansson
  3. ^ Hoffer, Richard (9 February 2009) Ingemar Johansson 1932–2009. Sports Illustrated
  4. ^ Ingemar Johansson: Boxer who beat Floyd Patterson to win the world heavyweight title 3 February 2009. The Independent
  5. ^ Swedish National Championships – Stockholm – February 29 – March 2 1952. Amateur-boxing.strefa.pl.
  6. ^ "Login". Retrieved 24 June 2015. 
  7. ^ a b Sveriges Radio. "Ingemar Johansson – "The Champ"". Retrieved 24 June 2015. 
  8. ^ a b c New York Times – Johansson Retrieved 24 June 2015
  9. ^ "OBITUARY: Johansson confounded skeptics against Patterson". Reuters. 31 January 2009. Retrieved 24 June 2015. 
  10. ^ a b c Ingemar Johansson, Who Beat Patterson for Heavyweight Title, Dies at 76 New York Times. 31 January 2009.
  11. ^ "Boxing News". The Sweet Science. Retrieved 24 June 2015. 
  12. ^ Video on YouTube
  13. ^ "People, Apr. 11, 1960". TIME.com. 11 April 1960. Retrieved 24 June 2015. 
  14. ^ "Ingemar Johansson Dies". Boxing News 24. Retrieved 24 June 2015. 
  15. ^ "Boxing legend Ingemar Johansson dead". CBC News. 31 January 2009. Retrieved 24 June 2015. 
  16. ^ Baptista, Todd (March 2011). "Lost and Found", Goldmine, Volume 37, Issue 797, Page 97.

Further reading[edit]

Ingemar Johansson, McFarland Publishing (2015) by Ken Brooks. 272 pages.

External links[edit]

Records
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Max Schmeling
Oldest living heavyweight champion
2 February 2005 – 30 January 2009
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