Ingerophrynus macrotis

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Ingerophrynus macrotis
Bufo macrotis - Annali del Museo civico di storia naturale di Genova (1887) (18384564826) (cropped).jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Bufonidae
Genus: Ingerophrynus
Species: I. macrotis
Binomial name
Ingerophrynus macrotis
(Boulenger, 1887)
Synonyms

Bufo macrotis Boulenger, 1887

Ingerophrynus macrotis is a toad species of the family Bufonidae, which is found throughout most of monsoonal mainland Southeast Asia and in northeast India. It is native to Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam. Its presence in China is uncertain.[1]

Characteristics[edit]

Crown without bony ridges; snout short, truncated; interorbital space flat, as broad as the upper eyelid; tympanum very distinct, vertically oval, quite as large as the eye and close to it. First finger a little longer than second; toes barely half webbed, with irregular spinose tubercles beneath, from which the so-called subarticular are hardly distinguishable; two small metatarsal tubercles; no tarsal fold. The tarso-metatarsal tubercle reaches the tympanum or the eye. Upper parts studded with round tubercles of various sizes; parotoids prominent, subcircular. Grey-brown or olive above, with irregular dark brown spots, vertical bars on the upper lip, and cross bands on the limbs; lower surfaces dirty white, with darker spots; the male's throat brown. Male with a subgular vocal sac and, during the nuptial period, black rugosities on the inner fingers.[2]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

In Southeast Asia it is found up to 300 m (980 ft) above sea level, in the northwestern part of its range it is found up to an altitude of 2,350 m (7,710 ft). It is generally associated with both open-canopy and closed deciduous forest types. It breeds explosively in rain-pools. It is able to survive in relatively degraded forest.[1]

Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, subtropical or tropical moist shrubland, and intermittent freshwater marshes.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c van Dijk; P.P. Stuart; B., Dutta; S., Borah; M. M.; Bordoloi, S. (2004). "Ingerophrynus macrotis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. 
  2. ^ Boulenger, G. A. (1890). The Fauna of British India – Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor and Francis, London.