Clock at Rotary park
|Population||4,706 (2011 census)|
|Elevation||11.8 m (39 ft)|
|LGA(s)||Shire of Hinchinbrook|
Ingham is a town and locality in the Shire of Hinchinbrook, North Queensland, Australia. It is the administrative centre for the Shire of Hinchinbrook. At the 2011 Australian Census the town recorded a population of 4,706.
Ingham is approximately 110 kilometres (68 mi) north of Townsville and 1,437 kilometres (893 mi) north of the state capital, Brisbane. The town is positioned about 17 km inland within the Herbert River floodplain where Palm Creek drains the low-lying lands. It is surrounded by sugar cane farms which are serviced by a number of private railways.
Prior to European settlement, the Ingham area was inhabited by the Warakamai People.
The town was founded in 1864. It gazetted as the local government area Hinchinbrook Division in 1879, becoming the Shire of Hinchinbrook in 1903. The town is named after William Bairstow Ingham, a pioneer sugar planter on the Herbert River in 1874.
Lower Herbert Post Office opened on 1 January 1871 and was renamed Ingham in 1882.
Ingham is the service centre for many sugarcane plantations. Victoria Sugar Mill, the largest sugar mill in Australia and one of the largest in the southern hemisphere, owned by Wilmar Sugar Australia Limited, is located close to the town. Much of the cane is transported to the mills by light tramlines.
Other industries in the Ingham area include cattle, farming, fishing, timber and tourism.
The town is home to the regional art gallery called TYTO Regional Art Gallery which sits alongside the TYTO Wetlands and Tiddaliks Cafe. In the same precinct is the Hinchinbrook Shire Library. Wallaman Falls are about 40 km to the west of the town. Hinchinbrook Island is about 20 km north of Ingham.
CSR no longer owns the Sugar Mills in Ingham because they sold them to Sucrogen, an offshore-based company.
The Australian-Italian Festival is held in Ingham in May each year and is one of the most popular events in the region, with thousands of people attending the event. The festival celebrates Ingham's cultural background, dating from the 1890s, when the first Italian immigrants came to the region. More than half the population of the town are of Italian descent. The town is known as "Little Italy".
The annual festival, held at the Ingham Showgrounds, began as an idea from a community workshop. Many Italians visit from Italy to celebrate the event, reinforcing the cultural ties between the inhabitants of Ingham and Italy.
Ingham has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:
- Old Bruce Highway: Gairloch Bridge
- 5 Lynch Street: Ruth Fairfax House
- 35-39 Palm Terrace: Ingham Court House
Notable individuals born in Ingham include:
- Sam Backo (rugby league)
- Tracey Curro (journalist)
- Francis Patrick Donovan (Ambassador)
- Greg Dowling (rugby league)
- Nick Euclid (rugby league)
- Arthur Fadden (13th Prime Minister of Australia)
- Walter Mason (author)
- Keith Payne (Victoria Cross recipient)
- Laurie Spina (rugby league)
Ingham has a tropical monsoon climate (Köppen climate classification Am). Which like the rest of Far North Queensland has a Very humid and hot wet season that runs from November to April and a less humid and warm dry season that runs from May to October. Ingham is part of the Queensland Wet Tropics bioregion.
|Climate data for Ingham|
|Average high °C (°F)||32.4
|Average low °C (°F)||23.0
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||380.1
Following the devastation caused by cyclone Yasi in Far North Queensland in February 2011, Ingham is one of a number of towns where a cyclone shelter was built. The Ingham cyclone shelter is capable of withstanding winds of more than 300 kilometres (190 mi) per hour, as experienced in a category five cyclone. The building serves as a multi-purpose sports facility for the Ingham State High School while in a cyclone it provides shelter for up to 800 people. The shelter was opened by Premier Campbell Newman in January 2013.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Ingham (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 17 August 2014.
- "Ingham - town (entry 16673)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 15 August 2016.
- "Ingham - locality (entry 49502)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 15 August 2016.
- "Queensland Globe". State of Queensland. Retrieved 15 August 2016.
- "Warakamai People". AusAnthrop Australian Aboriginal tribal database. Retrieved 1 December 2014.
- Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
- "Historical Towns Directory: Ingham". Heritage Australia Publishing. Retrieved 17 May 2012.
- The Tramways of the Ingham District Verhoeven, G Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin, June, 1971 pp122-131
- Australian Italian Festival Ingham. Retrieved on 17 May 2012.
- "Imgham". Tourism and Events Queenslan. Queensland Government. Retrieved 15 August 2016.
- "Gairloch Bridge (entry 602591)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 9 July 2013.
- "5 Lynch Street (entry 602193)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 9 July 2013.
- "Ingham Court House (entry 601546)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 9 July 2013.
- Mason, Walter (2008), Destination Saigon : adventures in Vietnam, Inspired Living / Allen & Unwin, ISBN 978-1-74175-949-5
- "Tina Arena". Walter Mason. Retrieved 15 September 2014.
- "Climate statistics for Ingham". Australian Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 1 January 2010.
- "World class cyclone shelter for Ingham". Department of the Premier and Cabinet. Queensland Government. January 16, 2013. Retrieved 11 April 2014.
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