Ingham County, Michigan

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Ingham County, Michigan
Ingham county courthouse night.jpg
Ingham County Courthouse
Seal of Ingham County, Michigan
Seal
Logo of Ingham County, Michigan
Logo
Map of Michigan highlighting Ingham County
Location in the U.S. state of Michigan
Map of the United States highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location in the U.S.
Founded October 29, 1829 (created)
1838 (organized)[1]
Named for Samuel D. Ingham[1]
Seat Mason
Largest city Lansing
Area
 • Total 561 sq mi (1,453 km2)
 • Land 556 sq mi (1,440 km2)
 • Water 4.6 sq mi (12 km2), 0.8%
Population
 • (2010) 280,895
 • Density 505/sq mi (195/km²)
Congressional district 8th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.ingham.org

Ingham County is a county located in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the population was 280,895.[2] The county seat is Mason.[3] Lansing, the state capital of Michigan, is located within the county, and is the only state capital located in a county that is not also its seat of government. The county is home to Michigan State University, Lansing Community College, and the Class A minor league baseball team Lansing Lugnuts.

Ingham County is included in the Lansing-East Lansing, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area. It is considered to be a part of Mid Michigan.

History[edit]

Ingham County was established by an act of the Michigan Territorial Legislature on October 29, 1829, from portions of Shiawassee County, Washtenaw County and unorganized territory. It was attached for administrative purposes to Washtenaw County until 1838 when county government was established for Ingham.[1]

The county was named for Samuel D. Ingham, the U.S. Secretary of the Treasury under President Andrew Jackson, making Ingham one of Michigan's so-called Cabinet counties.[1]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 561 square miles (1,450 km2), of which 556 square miles (1,440 km2) is land and 4.6 square miles (12 km2) (0.8%) is water.[4]

The county consists of gently rolling hills with an elevation ranging between 800 and 1,000 feet above sea level. The highest point in the county is the top of Teaspoon Hill rising to a height of 1,056 feet above sea level 1.5 miles north of the city Leslie.[5]

The Grand River winds northward along the western boundary of the county and the Red Cedar River flows west across the northern section into the Grand River in Lansing. Most of the midsection of the county drains to the north into the Red Cedar River and the northern tier of townships drain to the south into the Cedar. The Sycamore Creek, flowing northwest into the Red Cedar in Lansing, drains much of the midsection of the county. Most of the southern portion of the county drains south or west into the Grand River. The southeastern corner drains to the southeast into the Huron River via the Portage Creek and Portage River and a series of small lakes.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 2,498
1850 8,631 245.5%
1860 17,435 102.0%
1870 25,268 44.9%
1880 33,676 33.3%
1890 37,666 11.8%
1900 39,818 5.7%
1910 53,310 33.9%
1920 81,554 53.0%
1930 116,587 43.0%
1940 130,616 12.0%
1950 172,941 32.4%
1960 211,296 22.2%
1970 261,039 23.5%
1980 275,520 5.5%
1990 281,912 2.3%
2000 279,320 −0.9%
2010 280,895 0.6%
Est. 2016 288,051 [6] 2.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[2]

As of the census[11] of 2010, there were 280,895 people, 111,162 households, and 62,674 families residing in the county. The population density was 502.3 people per square mile (193.9/km²). There were 121,281 housing units at an average density of 216.8 per square mile (83.7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 76.2% White, 11.8% Black or African American, 0.6% Native American, 5.2% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 2.3% from other races, and 4.0% from two or more races. 7.83% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

According to the 2007-2010 American Community Survey 22.8% were of German, 13.2% Irish, 12.5% English and 5.6% Polish ancestry. 88.2% spoke only English, while 3.9% spoke Asian languages and 3.8% Spanish at home.

As of the 2000 Census, there were 108,593 households out of which 29.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.00% were married couples living together, 12.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.30% were non-families. 30.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.40% under the age of 18, 18.50% from 18 to 24, 28.60% from 25 to 44, 20.10% from 45 to 64, and 9.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 93.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $40,774, and the median income for a family was $53,063. Males had a median income of $40,335 versus $30,178 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,079. About 8.30% of families and 14.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.60% of those under age 18 and 6.60% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[12]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 33.2% 43,868 59.9% 79,110 6.9% 9,157
2012 35.3% 45,306 63.0% 80,847 1.7% 2,157
2008 32.5% 46,483 65.7% 93,994 1.8% 2,549
2004 41.1% 54,734 57.8% 76,877 1.1% 1,442
2000 39.2% 47,314 57.4% 69,231 3.4% 4,050
1996 36.9% 43,096 54.4% 63,584 8.7% 10,135
1992 32.8% 43,926 46.0% 61,596 21.1% 28,270
1988 50.6% 58,363 48.5% 55,984 0.9% 1,088
1984 59.2% 68,753 40.0% 46,411 0.8% 919
1980 45.2% 56,777 38.4% 48,278 16.4% 20,576
1976 55.9% 66,729 40.1% 47,890 4.0% 4,708
1972 53.6% 63,376 45.2% 53,458 1.2% 1,409
1968 51.5% 46,805 41.1% 37,362 7.5% 6,786
1964 38.0% 32,965 61.8% 53,685 0.2% 179
1960 62.9% 54,655 36.9% 32,043 0.2% 209
1956 66.8% 55,211 33.1% 27,323 0.2% 120
1952 67.6% 51,503 31.7% 24,125 0.7% 533
1948 60.6% 31,868 36.8% 19,366 2.6% 1,341
1944 58.7% 34,255 40.6% 23,655 0.7% 403
1940 56.8% 32,565 42.5% 24,375 0.8% 442
1936 40.2% 19,434 56.1% 27,086 3.7% 1,793
1932 47.2% 21,044 50.2% 22,370 2.5% 1,131
1928 78.9% 29,383 20.6% 7,654 0.6% 206
1924 81.2% 28,005 14.0% 4,814 4.9% 1,686
1920 69.6% 18,437 26.7% 7,061 3.7% 982
1916 47.8% 7,846 46.7% 7,664 5.6% 917
1912 26.7% 3,515 29.8% 3,915 43.5% 5,729
1908 53.7% 6,723 40.1% 5,016 6.3% 782
1904 60.6% 6,817 34.4% 3,871 5.1% 571
1900 49.6% 5,350 47.3% 5,104 3.1% 333
1896 45.4% 4,958 52.1% 5,691 2.4% 265
1892 44.1% 4,341 41.2% 4,061 14.7% 1,447
1888 45.7% 4,547 48.1% 4,782 6.2% 619
1884 42.4% 3,709 52.1% 4,562 5.5% 484

The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, keeps files of deeds and mortgages, maintains vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of welfare and other social services. The 14-member county board of commissioners controls the budget, but has only limited authority to make laws or ordinances due to Michigan's large devolution of local power to cities, villages, and townships. The county board of commissioners also hires a county administrator/controller who serves as the chief fiscal and administrative officer of the county.

Elected officials[edit]

County Board of Commissioners[edit]

14 members, elected from districts (11 Democrats, 3 Republicans)

District Commissioner Party
1 Victor Celentino Dem
2 Ryan Sebolt Dem
3 Sarah Anthony, Chair Dem
4 Bryan Crenshaw Dem
5 Todd Tennis Dem
6 Randy Maiville, Vice Chair Pro Tem Rep
7 Kara Hope Dem
8 Mark Grebner, Vice Chair Dem
9 Carol Koenig Dem
10 Brian McGrain Dem
11 Teri Banas Dem
12 Deb Nolan Dem
13 Randy Schafer Rep
14 Robin Case Naeyaert Rep

30th Judicial Circuit Court[edit]

9 judges (non-partisan)

    • Judge William E. Collette
    • Judge Joyce Draganchuk, Chief Judge Pro-Tem
    • Judge Clinton Canady III
    • Judge James S. Jamo
    • Judge Rosemarie E. Aquilina
    • Judge Richard J. Garcia, Chief Judge Probate Court
    • Judge R. George Economy
    • Judge Laura Baird
    • Judge Janelle A. Lawless, Chief Judge Circuit Court

(information as of November 8, 2016)

Transportation[edit]

Air service[edit]

Rail Service[edit]

Bus Service[edit]

Highways[edit]

Recreational[edit]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Other unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Bibliography on Ingham County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Retrieved January 19, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 7, 2016. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on November 13, 2013. Retrieved September 25, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Hiking Trails, Mountain Bike Trails & Trail Maps - Trails.com". mountainzone.com. 
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved September 25, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 25, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 25, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 25, 2014. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  12. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°36′N 84°22′W / 42.60°N 84.37°W / 42.60; -84.37