Ingiriya

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Ingiriya
ඉංගිරිය
இங்கிரிய
Ingiriya
Ingiriya
Ingiriya Location Map
Ingiriya Location Map
Ingiriya is located in Sri Lanka
Ingiriya
Ingiriya
Ingiriya Location Map
Coordinates: 6°44′38″N 80°10′20″E / 6.74389°N 80.17222°E / 6.74389; 80.17222Coordinates: 6°44′38″N 80°10′20″E / 6.74389°N 80.17222°E / 6.74389; 80.17222
Country Sri Lanka
Province Western Province
District Kalutara District
Government
 • Electoral Division Horana Polling Division
 • Local Government Horana Pradeshiya Sabha
 • Divisional Secretariat Ingiriya Divisional Secretariat
Elevation 137 m (449 ft)
Population (2015)
 • Total 55,133
 • Density 252.66/km2 (654.4/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+05:30 (SLT)
Postal Code 12440
Telephone code 0094-3422 XXXXX
Website ingiriya.info

Ingiriya (Sinhala: ඉංගිරිය; Tamil: இங்கிரிய) is a town in Kalutara District of Western Province, Sri Lanka, near the border with Sabaragamuwa Province. The town is the meeting point of the Rathnapura–Panadura, Ingiriya–Padukka and Ingiriya–Bulathsinhala roads.

The town has an ethnic makeup of 89.5% Sinhalese and 9.5% Tamils, with 1% from other minorities. The 2001 census recorded a population of 45,726, rising to 55,133 in 2015.[1]

Location[edit]

Ingiriya boundary marker
Ingiriya boundary marker

Ingiriya can be accessed via the A8 (RathnapuraPanadura) highway (33 km from Panadura, 35.8 km from Rathnapura), by the Padukka–Ingiriya Road (16.80 km from Padukka, 18.20 km from Meepe) or by the Egaloya–Ingiriya Road (11 km from Egaloya). Ingiriya is one of the borders of Kalutara District and Western Province. Ella, the next town after Ingiriya towards Rathnapura, belongs to Ratnapura District, Sabaragamuwa Province, and Padukka, the next town after Ingiriya towards the Padukka side, belongs to Colombo District.

Geography[edit]

Ingiriya is 24 km (15 mi) from the coast and extends a further 8.8 km (5.5 mi) inland. It is mountainous, especially near the eastern border. The highest point is Madakada Giranchi Mountain, 355 m (1,165 ft) high. Eduragala Mountain is also over 210 m (690 ft) high. The eastern part contains scattered mountains over 150 m (490 ft) high. There are some similarly high mountains in the western part. Overall, 60% of the area is flat plains. The Kalu River flows along the southern border of Ingiriya and many streams flow into the Kalu River. The largest, Nambapana Stream, is in the east. Another river, the Mawak Oya, starts in the north and flows along the west side before connecting to the Kalu River in the south.

Ingiriya Land Use
Ingiriya drainage
Land Use Area (km2) Percentage %
Home garden 2293 25%
Tea plantation 582.81 06%
Rubber plantation 3067.49 33%
Coconut plantation 348.97 04%
Paddy plantation 1132.32 12%
Other plantations 278.78 03%
Forest 801.64 09%
Scrub 157.38 02%
Water bodies 123.88 01%
Other land 416.84 5%
Total 9204 100%

[2]

Climate[edit]

Ingiriya falls within the Low Country Wet Zone and has a medium climate, with 3,500 mm (140 in) to 4,500 mm (180 in) of annual rainfall, coming from both east–west monsoons (mid-November to January) and southwest monsoons (mid-May to mid-September).

Heavy rain in Ingiriya
Month Rainfall in mm Days with rain Average temperature in °C
January 96 03 27.2
February 487 11 27.8
March 275 10 28.3
April 465 19 28.3
May 152 10 27.9
June 323 23 27.3
July 158 07 27.1
August 386 18 27.1
September 381 16 27.0
October 914 19 27.1
November 470 10 27.1
December 482 15 27.1
Annual 4589 161 27.5

[3]

Flooding[edit]

Flooding in Nambapana

Ingiriya is prone to flooding. The Kalu River overflows into the areas of Nambapana, Eastern and Western Urugala, Western Ingiriya town, Wagawatta, Kekulaliya, Western Poruwadanda and Dombagaskanda.[4]

Agriculture[edit]

Ingiriya belongs to the Low Country Wet Agricultural Zone, so the land and climate is very suitable for cultivation. Tea, rubber, coconut and rice are the main cash crops. As of 2009 there are 5039 acres of rubber plantation, 1569 acres of tea plantation, 1500 acres of coconut plantation and 22 acres of rice paddies.

Administration[edit]

Grama Niladhari Divisions
Ingiriya Divisional Secretariat
Horana Pradeshiya Sabha
Ingiriya Police Station

Ingiriya city, which is administered by the Horana Pradeshiya Sabha (Divisional Council), is a part of the Horana Polling Division. Notable government institutions in Ingiriya include:

  • Ingiriya Divisional Secretariat
  • Ingiriya Police Station
  • Ingiriya District Hospital
  • Ingiriya Medical Officer of Health
  • Ingiriya Post Office
  • Ingiriya Co-operative Services

The Ingiriya Divisional Secretariat office is the main administration institute managing Ingiriya City. Ingiriya was formerly a part of the Horana Divisional Secretariat. On August 14, 2000, 31 Grama Niladhari divisions were divided and assigned to Ingiriya Divisional Secretariat. This change occurred due to the large size of Horana division and the growth of the population.

Government health services and preventive medicine in Ingiriya are supplied by the Ingiriya Medical Officer of Health office and by Ingiriya District Hospital. Ingiriya Police Station, which was started in 1948, plays the major role in security. The main post office is an A grade Post Office. Other post offices are situated in surrounding areas. There is a fuel station run by Ingiriya Co-Operative Office and two private fuel stations at Handapangoda and Eduragala.

Transportation[edit]

New bus stand

Ingiriya is located along the Panadura and Rathnapura A8 Road. There are two bus stands in Ingiriya. All the buses that travel along A8 road park at the new bus stand. All other buses park at the old bus stand along Ingiriya–Padukka Road.

Landmarks[edit]

Nachchimale[edit]

Nachchimale

Nachchimale (නාච්චිමලේ) is the most famous area of Ingiriya. It is reached by traveling about 1 mile (1.6 km) towards Padukka from Ingiriya. The Nachchimale port is a part of Nambapana Lake. Beautiful waterfalls and stone holes filled with clear water are a common scene. Thousands of foreigners and local visitors come to visit Nachchimale to bathe and have fun. However, this can lead to litter being strewn about. This has been a major problem to the environment and the residents. From time to time, organizations, including Ingiriya Police Station, do a Shramadana program to clean this area.

Madakada Aranya Senasanaya[edit]

Madakada Aranya Senasanaya

Madakada Aranya Senasanaya is a monastery located about 1 mile (1.6 km) towards Padukka from Ingiriya. The history of this monastery goes back to 1940, when there were over 100 meditative monks living there. The new monastery was built by Rev. Ranwala Saddhatissa Thero in 1948. In ancient times, this area was a forest with caves. After the arrival of Saddahtissa Thero for his meditations, it became a forest monastery.

Madakada Aranya is one of the premier "Vipassana" meditation centers in the country. It has branches in places such as Navinna and Salgala. Presently, there are about sixteen resident monks and seven resident laymen practicing "Vipassana" meditation at any given time. The local community, which is primarily Buddhist, looks after the day-to-day needs of the devotees.

There are about 12–15 meditation caves here. The main cave has many Buddha statues and paintings and is decorated with flowers. The monastery is situated in a Natural Forest Reservation. A stream called Nachchimale flows through one boundary of the monastery, adding additional scenic beauty to the area. There are many local plants, birds, rare butterfly species, and wild animals in this environment.

Parei Thota[edit]

Parevi Thota

Parevi Thota (පරෙවිතොට) or Parethota (පරේතොට) is a scenic area along the Nambapana Stream that attracts many visitors. The small ports and waterfalls in the small stream situated near Parethota area add nice beauty to this place. It is threatened by littering.

Bodhinagala Aranya Senasanaya[edit]

Bodhinagala Reservation

Bodhinagala Aranya Senasanaya is about 3 miles (4.8 km) from Ingiriya town. The Dombagaskanda Forest Reservation, where this place is situated, was named in 1955. This beautiful place is in a calm natural environment. The Kalu River flows through the southeast of this area, and the slope area is rich in herbal plants and southern wet zone plants. There are about 20 to 25 monks meditating in the caves in this Aranya Senasana. They come out from the caves only when they eat and then they go back to the caves in the forest. This area is very calm and safe. Many foreigners and local visitors come to visit this aranya senasanaya.

Bodhinagala Bird Sanctuary[edit]

This is a secondary lowland rainforest patch in the area of Ingiriya with a famous aranya senasanaya. The forest reserve consists of two mountains that are surrounded by villages. Inside the forest there are paved routes created for the Buddhists monks.

Hora Forest Reservation[edit]

Hora Forest Reservation

The Hora Forest Reservation is in the Kirigala area. It is said to have the largest number of hora trees in South Asia. It also has many rare plants.

Kura Uda Waterfall[edit]

Kura Uda Waterfall is situated in the middle stretch of the small stream starting from Giranchi Mountain in the Forest Reservation. Though this place was not so famous in the past, recently the amount of visitors has been increasing. The Government Forest Reservation in which this waterfall is situated is rich in rare wet zone plants and herbal plants. Many birds and animals native to this area live here.

Urugala Holombuwa[edit]

Before the British established a road system, goods were transported to coastal areas from Sabaragamuwa by river. Kalu River was a major river for this transportation. Urugala Holombuwa was used as an anchoring point for vessels and ferries transporting goods. This holombuwa is the biggest whirlpool at the place where Nambapana Stream connects with Kalu River. it has more space and consists of a huge rock pile. Because of this, boatsmen used this as a resting place.

History[edit]

As the boundary ("Ima") of the Sabaragamuwa Mountain Ranges ends at Ingiriya, it is said in the folklore that the name "Ingriya" was originally "Imagira".

People have lived in this area for a long time, as shown in historical writings. A Portuguese income report written in 1599 shows that they collected revenue from nearby places like Munagama, Wagawatta, and Kekuladola. The present Rathnapura–Panadura road, which runs through Poruwadanda, has evidence of having been used for more than 186 years. A British doctor named John Dave travelled to Adams Peak in 1817 from Panadura via Horana, Rathnapura and Palabaddala. He described the beauty of the Ingiriya area as he travelled along this road. The main city was born in the beginning of plantation colonization by the British rulers. The Urugala and Nambapana areas of Ingiriya have a history which relates to the kings who ruled near Kalu River.

Schools[edit]

Ingiriya contains 22 schools controlled by the provincial council.

School Medium G.N Division Active Grade
Ingiriya Gamini Madya Maha Vidyalaya Sinhala/English 620C,Ingiriya North 1 AB
Ingiriya Sri Sumanajothi Primary School Sinhala 620C,Ingiriya North 3
Urugala Sri Darmaloka Maha Vidyalaya Sinhala 619,Urugala East 2
Nambapana Kanishta Vidyalaya Sinhala 619A,Nambapana 2
Raigamwaththa Parakkramabahu Primary School Sinhala 620B,Raigamwatta 3
Kakulaliya Primary School Sinhala 618B,Kekulaliya 3
Handapangoda Maha Vidyalaya Sinhala 623B,Handapangoda West 1 C
Sagara Palansuriya Maha Vidyalaya Sinhala 622,Handapangoda South 1 C
Isipathana Kanishta Vidyalaya Sinhala 625,Arakawila 2
Maputugala Maha Vidyalaya Sinhala 621A,Rathmalgoda 1 C
Menerigama Primary School Sinhala 625A,Menerigama 3
Batugampala Primary School Sinhala 624,Batugampala 3
Kalupahana Kanishta Vidyalaya Sinhala 618,Wagawatta 2
Manana Sri Ghanarathana Primary School Sinhala 620F,Dombagaskanda 2
Pelpitigoda Primary School Sinhala 622,Pelpitigoda 3
Kandanapitiya Primary School Sinhala 626,Kandanapitiya 3
Kurana Primary School Sinhala 627,Kurana South 3
Dharmaloka Primary School Sinhala 623B,Handapangoda West 3
Eduragala Tamil Primary School Tamil 620E,Eduragala 3
Raigamwaththa Tamil School Tamil 620B,Raigamwaththa 2
Raigamwaththa Saraswathi Tamil School Tamil 620G,Raigamwaththa 3
Perth Tamil School Tamil 618,Wagawatta 3

[5]

Religious places[edit]

Ingiriya Deepaloka Temple

There are many places of worship in and around the city. Buddhist places of worship are most common, since Buddhists constitute the great majority in the area. There are some Hindu kovils serving the Tamil minority living in the plantation estates. There is also a Christian church in Ingiriya.

Urugala Sri Thapodhanarama Temple

Temples[edit]

Name Address
Sri Devarakkitharamaya Temple Wagawatta, Poruwadanda
Sri Sandagiri Temple Arakawila, Handapangoda
Sri Wickramasinharamaya Temple Maputugala, Poruwadanda
Sri Wijaya Bodhiraja Temple Imagira, Ingiriya
Sri Thapodhanarama Temple Pingodella, Urugala, Ingiriya
Sri Poorwarama Temple Dombagaskanda, Ingiriya
Soliraja Temple Ganethenna, Poruwadanda
Thilakaramaya Temple Poruwadanda
Sri Sanghikaramaya Temple Rathmalgoda, Poruwadanda
Ganeviharaya Temple Handapangoda
Sri Sudharshanaramaya Temple Manana, Poruwadanda
Sri Piyadassanaramaya Temple Kurana, Kotigala, Handapangoda
Sri Sudharmaramaya Temple Kekuladola, Batugampola
Sri Madurasama Temple Nimalagama, Poruwadanda
Sri Gangathilaka Temple Puhuwala
Sri Jayasooriya Temple St.Peter's Colony, Ingiriya
Sri Nandarathanaramaya Temple Pelpitigoda, Poruwadanda
Deepaloka Temple Ingiriya
Sri Poorwaramaya Temple Kandanapitiya, Bope, Padukka
Siri Nikethanaramaya Temple Kekulaliya, Poruwadanda
Sri Wijayasunandaramaya Temple Panangala Watta, Poruwadanda
Sri Sambodhi Temple Arunagama, Poruwadanda
Sri Ruwanbodhi Temple Boralugoda, Poruwadanda
Sri Sudhampaya Temple Bodhirajagama, Ingiriya
Sri Isipathanaramaya Temple Madakada, Bope, Padukka
Madakada Aranya Senasanaya Madakada, Ingiriya
Bodhinagala Aranya Senasanaya Dombagaskanda, Ingiriya
Nagalena Wiwekaramaya Temple 20 Acres, Ingiriya
Sri Jinarathanaramaya Temple Arakawila, Handapangoda
Sri Shailatalaramaya Temple Wagawatta, Poruwadanda
Kemanandaramaya Batugampola
Sri Sambodhi Aranya Senasanaya Madakada
Sri Subodhi Meheni Aramaya Kurana

Kovil[edit]

Name Address
Sri Muththumari Amman Kovil Wagawatta, Poruwadanda
Sri Kurunchi Mahamari Amman Kovil Raigamwatta, Ingiriya
Ingiriya Sri Paththini Kovil Ingiriya
Raigamwatta Sri Paththini Kovil Raigamwatta, Ingiriya

Churches[edit]

Name Address
Ingiriya Church Ingiriya

[6]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Census and Statistics Report 2012
  2. ^ Ingiriya Divisional Secretariat
  3. ^ 2012 Annual Rainfall Report
  4. ^ 2010 Ingiriya News Bulletin
  5. ^ 2012 Horana Educational Zone Office
  6. ^ Ingiriya Divisional Secretariat

References[edit]

  • "Ingiriya Articles" (Article). Ingiriya.info.
  • "Ingiriya News Bulletin" (Article). Ingiriya.info.
  • "Ingiriya Photo Gallery" (Gallery). Ingiriya.info.
  • "Ingiriya Schools" (Article). Ingiriya Divisional Secretariat.

External links[edit]