Ingleside, Texas

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Ingleside, Texas
Location of Ingleside, Texas
Location of Ingleside, Texas
SanPatricio County Ingleside.svg
Coordinates: 27°52′27″N 97°12′30″W / 27.87417°N 97.20833°W / 27.87417; -97.20833Coordinates: 27°52′27″N 97°12′30″W / 27.87417°N 97.20833°W / 27.87417; -97.20833
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountiesSan Patricio, Nueces
Area
 • Total16.93 sq mi (43.85 km2)
 • Land16.82 sq mi (43.57 km2)
 • Water0.11 sq mi (0.28 km2)
Elevation
13 ft (4 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total9,519
 • Density605.84/sq mi (233.91/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
78362
Area code361
FIPS code48-36008[2]
GNIS feature ID1338470[3]
Websitewww.inglesidetx.gov

Ingleside is a city in Nueces and San Patricio Counties in the U.S. state of Texas. Its population was 9,519 at the 2020 census.

Ingleside was the home to Naval Station Ingleside. On August 24, 2005, the BRAC Committee voted to close the base. In 2010, the main base property was turned over to the Port of Corpus Christi.

Geography[edit]

Ingleside is located at 27°52′27″N 97°12′30″W / 27.87417°N 97.20833°W / 27.87417; -97.20833 (27.874070, –97.208379).[4] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 14.5 sq mi (37.6 km2), of which 0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2) (0.76%) is covered by water.

History[edit]

Ingleside is located on the southeast tip of San Patricio County, on the Corpus Christi Bay. The early communities of Ingleside have been known as Old Ingleside, Inwood, Ingleside Cove, Ingleside-on-the-Bay, Palomas, Cove City, and Cove. The earliest community began in 1854 when George C. Hatch purchased land on both sides of the bayou. He later acquired over 3,800 acres (15 km2) of land, which he sold to Walter Ingalls, Henry Nold, James Aware, John Pollard, John W. Vineyard, and others. They built homes on the bayou and at Ingleside Cove. Local lore and legend credits John Vineyard with naming Ingleside, which means "Fireside". Vineyard named Ingleside for his ancestral home in Scotland.

In 1855, George and Marcellus Turner settled in the area. In 1857, Marcellus obtained a grant for the first post office. A local general store was opened by George Hatch and Youngs L. Coeman. Henry Nold II operated the Ingleside Male and Female Academy, often referred to as Nold Academy. He operated the boarding school from 1857 until it was destroyed by Union soldiers in 1862. During this period of development, Ingleside's primary industries were farming and ranching. In the 1880s, George Hatch and his son John Hatch introduced grape culture to the area, which developed into a flourishing business. This business lasted until the 1930s, when the vines were killed by blight. Steamships plied the waters of the bay between Corpus Christi and Ingleside, carrying trade goods.

The San Antonio and Aransas Pass Railway was completed in Aransas Pass in 1887, but bypassed Ingleside, and Palomas (also known as Loma) was established as a flag stop for the railroad. Residents moved to set up a new town site on the railroad in 1893, and in the early 1890s, real-estate developers built a large hotel on the cove. The dreamed-of boom never materialized, and the population during this period was listed as only 30.

In 1909, developers Burton and Danforth laid out the present Ingleside town site, and in 1913, the Ingleside Common School District was formed, with 80 students. In 1916, a hurricane destroyed many of the buildings that had built up in the town. Again, growth in the area was stagnant. Grape production was begun again and was a booming industry between 1910 and 1920; fishing and vegetable production were the town's economic mainstay until the vegetable sheds were closed in the 1950s.

In 1927, Humble Oil built a tank farm at Harbor City or Port Ingleside, and announced plans for a refinery in Ingleside. Construction boomed with the building of a housing complex, complete with paved streets and its own sewer for Humble employees. Ingleside experienced a period of growth and prosperity, the population grew to 1,125, and during this period, two local newspapers, the Review and the Index, began publication. Ingleside's prosperity was short-lived, though; in 1944–1945, a labor dispute resulted in Humble closing the plant and putting it up for salvage sale. Brauer Corporation opened an aluminum fabrication plant in 1948, and Reynolds Metal followed suit in 1950, opening a plant only 5 miles away. DuPont followed, and a local plant was built in 1973. Ingleside developed primarily as a residential area, and was incorporated in 1951.

In 1954, the Army Corps of Engineers cut La Quinta Channel through Ingleside Point, thus demarking an area known as Ingleside-on-the-Bay, where the United States Navy intended to open its homeport in 1995.

The population of Ingleside grew steadily after 1972, and in 2000, Ingleside had a population of 9,388, including 3,200 active-duty naval personnel.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
19603,022
19703,76324.5%
19805,43644.5%
19905,6964.8%
20009,38864.8%
20109,3870.0%
20209,5191.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[5] 2020[6]

2020 Census data[edit]

Ingleside racial composition[7]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 4,393 46.15%
Black or African American (NH) 131 1.38%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 33 0.35%
Asian (NH) 113 1.19%
Pacific Islander (NH) 8 0.08%
Some Other Race (NH) 38 0.4%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 273 2.87%
Hispanic or Latino 4,530 47.59%
Total 9,519

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 9,519 people, 3,349 households, and 2,417 families residing in the city.

2000 Census data[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2000, 9,388 people, 2,980 households, and 2,226 were families residing in the city. The population density was 652.1 people/sq mi (251.7/km2). The 3,268 housing units averaged 227.0/sq mi (87.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 77.56% White, 5.60% African American, 0.88% Native American, 1.86% Asian, 0.27% Pacific Islander, 10.18% from other races, and 3.64% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 27.71% of the population.

Of the 2,980 households, 45.4% had children under 18 living with them, 60.7% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.3% were not families. About 20.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.5% had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.87, and the average family size was 3.33.

In the city, the age distribution was 29.8% under 18, 15.9% from 18 to 24, 33.3% from 25 to 44, 15.1% from 45 to 64, and 5.9% who were 65 or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females, there were 119.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 126.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $37,789, and for a family was $42,247. Males had a median income of $30,051 versus $20,847 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,050. About 7.2% of families and 19.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.9% of those under age 18 and 9.8% of those age 65 or over.

Area attractions[edit]

  • Cove Park is located on Hwy 1069 going toward the bay; it has a public boat ramp.
  • Faith Park is near the junior and senior high schools. The Garden Center meeting room and kitchen are available for reservation by calling city hall.
  • Ingleside Swimming Pool is located on Mustang Dr, and pool hours are from 12:00 to 7:30 pm Tuesday thru Saturday and Sundays from 1:00 to 6:00 pm. The park is closed on Mondays.
  • At Ingleside-on-the Bay, a public boat ramp is included in the park, which is located on Ebony and Woodhaven.
  • Live Oak Park has a pond and disc golf, picnic area, barbecue pits, swings, and slides.
  • The N.O. Park complex offers a covered 10 x 20 ft picnic shelter, barbecue pits, horseshoe pits, pavilion with game tables, concession and restrooms skate park, seven soccer fields, butterfly garden, birding deck, hike/bike/fitness trail, tot-lot playscale and multipurpose lighted fields.
  • Oak Park, on 8th St., is a semiresidential park, with a playground, tables, and benches within it.
  • Whitney Lake, a 50-plus-acre project will include several bird-watching areas, extended docks over marsh areas, observation platforms, and many other amenities. It also provides wintering and migratory habitat for waterfowl, shorebirds, wading birds, and other species.

Education[edit]

Most of the City of Ingleside is served by the Ingleside Independent School District. Small sections are in the Aransas Pass Independent School District.[10]

Emory Bellard, the father of the wishbone offense, began his coaching career at Ingleside High School in 1952, where he would stay until 1954. He led the Mustangs football team to the equivalent of a state championship in 1953 and 1954.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  6. ^ "2020 Census Data". data.census.gov.
  7. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2022-05-21.
  8. ^ https://www.census.gov/[not specific enough to verify]
  9. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". www.census.gov. Retrieved 18 May 2022.
  10. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: San Patricio County, TX" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2022-06-28.
  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[8][9]

External links[edit]