Ingrid Pollard (born 1953) is a British artist and photographer. Her work uses portraiture photography and traditional landscape imagery to explore social constructs such as Britishness or racial difference. Pollard is associated with Autograph, the Association of Black Photographers. She lives and works in London.
In the 1980s, Pollard produced a series of photographs of black people in rural landscapes, entitled Pastoral Interludes. The works challenge the way that English culture places black people in cities.
From 2005 to 2007, she curated Tradewinds2007, an international residency exhibition project with an exhibition at the Museum of London Docklands. She has participated in group exhibitions at the Hayward Gallery and the Victoria & Albert Museum.
Pollard has worked as an artist in residence at a number of organisations, including Lee Valley Park Authority, London (1994), Cumbria National Park (1998), Wysing Arts, Cambridge (2000), Chenderit School, Oxfordshire (2008), and Croydon College (2011). She has also held numerous teaching positions and is currently a lecturer in Photography at Kingston University. Pollard is a member of the Mapping Spectral Traces research group. In 2016 she was awarded an Honorary Fellowship of the Royal Photographic Society. In 2018 she was the inaugural Stuart Hall Associate Fellow at the University of Sussex.
Pollard was born in Georgetown, Guyana in 1953. When she was three or four years old, her family emigrated to the United Kingdom, where her father already lived, and she grew up in London. She has described her youthful awareness of family photographs.
"I do not remember the first time I took a photograph, but I did grow up in a house of family photo-albums and the stories that went with them. My father took lots of pictures for our albums and later I used some of these images in my own work."
Pollard began to make her own pictures using her father's box camera. As a teenager in the late 1960s, she photographed woods and sewage works in the Lee Valley, East London for a school Geography project, a foretaste of her mature photographic work examining the landscape.
Early career and education
As a young artist, Pollard became increasingly interested in liberation movements around race, gender and sexuality. In the early 1980s, she worked at the Lenthall Road Workshop, a feminist photography and screen-printing collective in the Haggerston area of Hackney, East London. She was one of twenty founding members of Autograph (the Association of Black Photographers) in 1988.
Pollard has participated several exhibitions that brought together work by Black British artists, including Black Women Time Now (Battersea Arts Centre, London, 1984), The Thin Black Line (ICA, London, 1985) and Three Black Women Photographers (Commonwealth Institute, London, 1986).
Pollard completed a BA in Film and Video at the London College of Printing in 1988 and, between 1986 and 1993, worked on the technical crew for a small number of film projects. Her photography was recognised in a survey edition of Birmingham's Ten.8 magazine She then went on to complete an MA in Photographic Studies at Derby University in 1995. She was awarded a PhD by publication by University of Westminster in 2016.
In the 1980s, Pollard began to attract attention for her photographic series, particularly those exploring the presence of black people in the English landscape, including Pastoral Interlude (1987–1988), Seaside Series (1989), Wordsworth's Heritage (1992) and Self Evident (1995). In these series, she worked with material that evoked notions of heritage or played upon nostalgic sentiments associated with the national landscape: the souvenir postcard, the poetry of William Wordsworth and hand-tinted photographs. She often placed text statements and quotations alongside her images to suggest a political framework for her photographic work. Developing such forms allowed Pollard to challenge traditional views of the English landscape as a zone exclusively owned by white people, and the related assumption that Black British people are only to be imagined in an urban setting.
These racially specific stereotypes of rural England are set out in the caption attached to the first image of Pastoral Interlude:
"... it's as if the Black experience is only lived within an urban environment: I thought I liked the Lake District where I wandered lonely as a Black face in a sea of white. A visit to the countryside is always accompanied by a feeling of unease, dread..."
From 2005 to 2008, Pollard was engaged in a research project into the "Black Boy" - a once-common name for English pubs. This led to the publication of Pollard's book, Hidden in Public Place. and a solo exhibition, Spectre of the Black Boy (Kingsway Gallery, Goldsmiths University of London, 2009).
Publications by Pollard
- Hidden Histories: Heritage Stories. 1994. With an essay by Lola Young and an interview with Liz Wells. Exhibition catalogue.
- Near and Far. 2001. With an essay by Susan Trangmar. Exhibition catalogue.
- Postcard Home. Chris Boot and Autograph ABP, 2004.
- Hidden in Public Place. Occasional Papers series. London South Bank University, 2008. With an introduction by Andrew Dewdney.
- Regarding the Frame. Visual Arts in Rural Communities, 2013. With an essay by Carole McKay. Exhibition catalogue.
- Consider the Light and the Dark. Chateau de Sacy, France: Ateliers d'artistes de Sac, 2015. With an essay by Ella Mills. Exhibition catalogue.
Publications with contributions by Pollard
- Passion. Urban Fox, 1990. Edited by Maud Sulter. With a chapter of images by Pollard.
- Stolen Glances. Pandora Press/Harper Collins, 1991. Edited by Tessa Boffin and Jean Fraser. ISBN 0-04-440707-6. With a chapter of images by Pollard.
- New Geographies of Race and Racism. Ashgate, 2009. Edited by Caroline Bressey and Claire Dyer. Pollard contributes a chapter, "Belonging in Britain-Fathers Hands".
Publications with interviews with Pollard
- Polareyes: A Journal by and about Black Women working in photography. Edited by Maxine Walker, Molly Shinhat, Mumtaz Karimjee, Jenny McKenzie, Amina Patel, Samena Rana, Similola Coker, Brenda Agard, Lesley Mitchell. Issue No. 1, 1987. "Ingrid Pollard talks to Molly Shinhat", page 41.
Pollard's work is held in the following public collections:
- Michael Woods, Rural Geography: Processes, Responses and Experiences in Rural Restructuring, SAGE, 2005, p. 282. ISBN 0-7619-4761-2
- Kay Anderson, Mona Domosh, Steve Pile, Handbook of Cultural Geography, SAGE, 2003, p. 260. ISBN 0-7619-6925-X
- "Black British Style exhibition, V & A website". Archived from the original on 2011-10-04. Retrieved 2008-07-06.
- Pollard, Ingrid. "CV" (PDF). Ingrid Pollard Photography. Retrieved 5 March 2016.
- Pollard, Ingrid (2003). Postcards Home. London: Autograph ABP. p. 7. ISBN 0954281322.
- "Ingrid Pollard". Victoria and Albert Museum. Retrieved 5 March 2016.
- "Ingrid Pollard: Filmography". BFI. Retrieved 5 March 2016.
- 'Critical Decade: Black British Photography in the 80s', Ten.8 vol. 2, no. 3, 1992
- "Ingrid Pollard". Stuart Hall Foundation. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
- Bertrand, Mathilde (2004). "The politics of representation and the subversion of landscape in Ingrid Pollard's Pastoral Interlude (1987)" (PDF). E-CRINI, No.7. Retrieved 5 March 2016.
- Cattani, Francesco (2010). "Swamping the Country: Ingrid Pollard's cartography of Englishness" (PDF). Black Arts in contemporary Britain (conference at Università degli Studi di Padova, 15–16 January 2010). Retrieved 5 March 2016.
- Keith, Michael (Autumn 2009). "From the Black Boy Series: Michael Keith interviews Ingrid Pollard" (PDF). Street Signs. Centre for Urban and Community Research, Goldsmiths University of London: 32–5. Retrieved 5 March 2016.
- Pollard, Ingrid (2008). Hidden in Public Place. London: IMP Press. ISBN 978-0-9559672-0-7.
- "Honorary Fellowships - RPS". rps.org. Archived from the original on 14 April 2019. Retrieved 11 December 2018.
- "Pollard, Ingrid - Arts Council Collection". www.artscouncilcollection.org.uk.
- Ingrid Pollard search at V&A.
- "Ingrid Pollard" at Tate.