Artwork for the cover of Inhumans vol. 2, 1 (November 1998). Art by Jae Lee.
|Species publication information|
|First appearance||Fantastic Four #45 (December 1965)|
Stan Lee (writer)|
Jack Kirby (artist)
|Place of origin||Earth|
List of Inhumans|
Inhuman Royal Family:
Maximus the Mad
|The Inhumans or Inhumans|
|Cover of Inhumans vol. 1, 1 (October, 1975 Marvel Comics). Art by Gil Kane.|
|Series publication information|
(vols. 1 & 4)|
(vols. 2 & 3)
October 1975 – August 1977
November 1998 – October 1999
June – October 2000
June 2003 – June 2004
|Number of issues||
(vols. 1, 2, & 4)|
|Young Inhumans||ISBN 0-7851-3382-8|
The comic book series has usually focused more specifically on the adventures of the Inhuman Royal Family, and many people associate the name "Inhumans" with this particular team of super-powered characters.
The Inhumans first appeared in Fantastic Four #45 (December 1965), though members Medusa and Gorgon appeared in earlier issues of that series (#36 and #44, respectively). Their home, the city of Attilan, was first mentioned years earlier, in a Tuk the Caveboy story written and drawn by Jack Kirby that appeared in Captain America Comics #1 (March 1941). The city was described as the home of a race that was evolutionarily advanced when human beings were still in the Stone Age.
The Inhuman Royal Family have been adapted to numerous Marvel animated series and video games over the years. Inhuman characters were introduced in live-action in the second season of Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D., while the Inhuman Royal Family are featured in the TV series Inhumans, which premiered in 2017.
- 1 Publication history
- 2 Fictional species biography
- 2.1 Son of M
- 2.2 Silent War
- 2.3 New Avengers: Illuminati
- 2.4 Secret Invasion: Inhumans
- 2.5 Dark Reign
- 2.6 War of Kings
- 2.7 Realm of Kings
- 2.8 Universal Inhumans
- 2.9 Infinity
- 2.10 Inhumanity
- 2.11 Civil War II
- 2.12 Inhumans vs. X-Men
- 2.13 Encounter with the Progenitors
- 2.14 Establishing New Arctilan
- 2.15 Death of the Inhumans
- 3 Powers and abilities
- 4 Known Inhumans
- 5 Other versions
- 6 Collected editions
- 7 Awards
- 8 In other media
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
The Inhumans first appeared in Fantastic Four #45 (December 1965). The Inhumans appeared as a back-up feature in Thor #146 (Nov. 1967) to #152 (May 1968) which contained their first extensive origin story. They fight the Silver Surfer in Silver Surfer #18 (September 1970). The Inhumans' first ongoing feature, the first six issues of which were written and pencilled by their co-creator Jack Kirby, appeared in Amazing Adventures #1 (Aug. 1970) to #10 (Jan. 1972). The characters received their own self-titled series in October 1975, which ran for 12 issues and ended in August 1977. All but issue #9 were written by Doug Moench, who has said he was fascinated with the shaggy God story aspect of the Inhumans. A follow-up to the series's ending appeared in Captain Marvel #53 (November 1977).
The Inhumans were largely absent from publications for much of the 1980s, only to appear in their own graphic novel in 1988, written by Ann Nocenti and illustrated by Bret Blevins. Nocenti followed up by making the Inhumans Karnak and Gorgon supporting cast members in Daredevil from issue #272 (November 1989) through #283 (August 1990)
An Inhumans limited series by Paul Jenkins and Jae Lee ran for 12 issues from November 1998-October 1999. The series, which used the Inhumans as a social allegory for the U.S., won an Eisner Award for Best New Series and established the Inhumans as viable comics-selling characters. A four-issue limited series by writers Carlos Pacheco and Rafael Marín and artist José Ladrönn was published in 2000. The fourth volume (2003-2004, 12 issues) concentrated largely on new characters within the Inhumans' society.
Following events in the Secret Invasion, the Inhumans appeared on one side of the War of Kings storyline, with Black Bolt being made king of the Kree, facing off against Vulcan, who is leading the Shi'ar.
The 2013 event, Infinity, led to major changes in status quo for the group, with many new Inhumans, or "NuHumans", appearing as a result of the detonation of the Terrigen Bomb. Writer Charles Soule became the lead writer of the Inhuman franchise, starting with the Inhuman series, which ran for 14 issues from April 2014–June 2015. The NuHuman Kamala Khan also becomes the lead of her own title, Ms. Marvel (vol. 3). Following the Secret Wars event, the franchise expanded to two ongoing titles, Uncanny Inhumans, which ran for 20 issues from 2015-2017, and All-New Inhumans, which ran for 11 issues. There have been two spin-off titles with Karnak running in 2015 for six issues penned by Warren Ellis and drawn by Gerardo Zaffino and Roland Boschi and Black Bolt running for 12 issues from 2017-2018 penned by Saladin Ahmed and drawn by Christian Ward. In 2017, Marvel has announced two series involving the Inhuman royal family, Royals written by Al Ewing drawn by Kevin Libranda, but was cancelled after 10 issues, and a five issue miniseries called Inhumans: Once & Future Kings written by Christopher Priest and drawn Phil Noto that explored the royal family's origins.
Fictional species biography
At the beginning of the Kree-Skrull War, millions of years ago in Earth time, the alien Kree established a station on the planet Uranus, a strategic position between the Kree and Skrull empires. Through their work at this station, they discovered that sentient life on nearby Earth had genetic potential invested in it by the alien Celestials. Intrigued, the Kree began to experiment on Earth's then-primitive Homo sapiens to produce the genetically advanced Inhuman race. Their goal was apparently twofold—to investigate possible ways of circumventing their own evolutionary stagnation, and to create a powerful mutant race of soldiers for use against the Skrulls. Although their experiments were successful in creating a strain of humanity with extraordinary abilities, the Kree abandoned their experiment because a genetic prophecy had predicted that the experiments would eventually lead to an anomaly who would destroy the Kree Supreme Intelligence.
Their test subjects, the Inhumans, went on to form a society of their own, which thrived in seclusion from the rest of humanity and developed advanced technology. Experiments with the mutagenic Terrigen Mist (a process known as Terrigenesis) gave them various powers, but caused lasting genetic damage and deformities. This led to a long-term selective breeding program in an attempt to mitigate the effects of these mutations.
Attilan's society and culture are predicated on a conformist belief system that permits individuality as it applies to genetic development and physical and mental ability, but demands rigid conformity in that each member of society is assigned a place within that society according to those abilities following exposure to the Terrigen Mist. Once assigned, no Inhuman, no matter how great or powerful, can change his or her place within this rigid caste system. However, as an exception, a member of the Royal Family, Crystal, married outside the Inhuman race to the mutant Quicksilver.
The Inhumans are led by their king, Black Bolt, and his Royal Family, consisting of Medusa, Karnak, Gorgon, Triton, Crystal, Maximus the Mad, and the canine Lockjaw. Both Crystal and Medusa have been members of the Fantastic Four; Crystal has been a member of the Avengers as well.
Black Bolt has guided the Inhumans through some of the most turbulent times in their history, including several attempts by Maximus to usurp the throne, revolts by the worker class (with their eventual emancipation), attacks by human renegades, the kidnapping of Medusa, the destruction and rebuilding of Attilan, and the revelation of the Inhumans' existence to humanity.
His role as king of the Inhumans has been tumultuous. The first major crisis occurred when he and Medusa conceived a child. Medusa bore the child in defiance of the Genetic Council, who felt that Black Bolt's bloodline was too dangerous to pass on. The Council nonetheless took the child to examine and forbade parental contact. Medusa escaped to Earth with members of the royal family only to be harassed by Maximus. Black Bolt was torn between his love of family and his duty to respect the Genetic Council, and it was only when the Council was revealed to be using his son in a plot against him that he finally turned against the Council. With that, he gave up the crown as king of the Inhumans. For a while, they lived away from Attilan, but returned in times of need.
The once-secret existence of the race has come to light among the general public as the Inhumans interact more often with many of Earth's superheroes—including the Fantastic Four, the Avengers, and the X-Men—whom they have aided against threats such as Doctor Doom, Ultron 7, Magneto, and Apocalypse. However, nobody came to the Inhumans' aid when an army of Portuguese mercenaries attacked Attilan, which was now located on risen Atlantean ruins. This was actually a coup-d'etat orchestrated by Black Bolt's brother Maximus the Mad.
Inhuman society changed radically when Ronan the Accuser sought to use the Inhumans as an army to disrupt the Shi'ar control of the Kree after their defeat in the Kree-Shi'ar War. Appearing over the city of Attilan, Ronan seized control in a surprise attack and forced the Inhumans and their king, Black Bolt, to obey, or he would destroy their only home and everyone in it. He also exiled Maximus and the Alpha Primitives to the Negative Zone. During their time in forced servitude, Ronan revealed that the Inhumans had always been intended as weapons in service to the Kree. To this end, much of the genetic attributes that were encoded in them during the original experiments were meant to give them the abilities and appearances of various alien races, the idea being that these Inhuman slaves could be used to infiltrate alien worlds and races to conduct espionage or assassinations to weaken potential conquests. Ronan used the Inhumans to launch attacks on ships and bases, disrupt a treaty between the Shi'ar and Spartax, and manipulate Black Bolt to assassinate Empress Lilandra.
Eventually, Black Bolt sought to free his people by challenging Ronan to a personal battle. If Ronan won, the Inhumans would continue to serve him. If the king won, the Inhumans would go free. After a terrible battle, Black Bolt won and Ronan, demonstrating that the Kree still had honor, kept his word and left the Inhumans. All was not over, as the Inhumans were not willing to just follow Black Bolt back to Earth. Pressure had been building in the closed society of Attilan since open contact with the outside world had been made. During their enslavement by Ronan, the Inhumans had wished for their freedom, but had developed a sense of pride in their power and a belief in their own destiny. They no longer believed that Black Bolt or the Royal Family was fit to lead them in the new life they wanted, and they exiled the Royal Family from Attilan. The Royal Family returned to Earth to find their destiny. After suffering bigotry while living in the Baxter Building with the Fantastic Four and turning down political asylum from Latveria by Dr. Doom, the royal family returned to Attilan, which was located on the Blue Area of the Moon. The Inhumans attempted to foster better relations with Earth by sending students to University of Wisconsin.
Son of M
In the events of Son of M, Quicksilver stole the Terrigen Crystals in an attempt to regain his powers and cure the de-powered mutants from M-Day. The theft led to a conflict on Genosha between the re-powered mutants (whose powers came back as too powerful for their own good causing their eventual surrender), the Inhumans, and the U.S. Office of National Emergency. The conflict ended with the O.N.E. confiscating the Terrigen Crystals, an act that incited Black Bolt to verbally declare war on the United States.
In January 2007, the mini-series Silent War began, with Gorgon launching a first strike on New York. Although the Inhumans do manage to recover the crystals, the episode ends with Maximus again taking control of Attilan.
New Avengers: Illuminati
It has been revealed that Black Bolt has been replaced by a Skrull impostor, in a time frame after Silent War, but before World War Hulk. The impostor revealed himself to the Illuminati and was killed. Both the sudden rift between Medusa and Black Bolt apparent in Silent War and Black Bolt's later defeat at the hands of Hulk in World War Hulk could be attributed to this development, for it is uncertain just when Black Bolt might have been replaced by his Skrull duplicate.
Secret Invasion: Inhumans
Written by Heroes writer Joe Pokaski, this story digs into how the Inhuman Royal Family deals with the news that the Black Bolt had been replaced by a Skrull imposter. The Skrulls attack Attilan while Black Bolt is revealed to be a prisoner of the Skrulls, who intend to use his voice as a weapon of mass destruction. The Inhuman Royal Family defeated several Skrull soldiers and took a Skrull ship with the point of taking the war to the Skrulls and save Black Bolt. With some help from the Kree, they rescue Black Bolt and return to Attilan.
War of Kings
Finally deciding they will no longer be used and abused by other races, the Inhumans take drastic action to ensure their survival as a race. To that end, they activate a series of long dormant machines beneath the city of Attilan, transforming it into a gigantic starship, powered by Black Bolt's voice. Breaking free from its resting place on the Moon, Attilan enters hyperspace and tracks down the remnants of the Skrull Armada, completely eradicating it. As Attilan enters Shi'ar space, it attracts the attention of three Shi'ar warships, who order them to depart or they will open fire. They too are destroyed without mercy.
Attilan reaches the planet Hala, destroying the protective shield that guards their weakened empire and enter the planet itself. The Royal Family confronts Ronan the Accuser, who is serving as king. He admitted he felt that he was just holding the spot of ruler for their true king, Black Bolt (like the Celestials, the Kree experimented on the humans to create the perfect weapons and the Inhumans were created, but Black Bolt declined the seat of king, then).
Realm of Kings
The T-Bomb has killed Black Bolt, leaving leadership to Queen Medusa. The Inhuman Royal Family struggles to maintain their grip on the Kree empire. The Alpha Primitives revolt, Maximus tries to take the throne, the Kree aristocracy revolts rise up, which erodes the Inhuman's rule.
Back on Earth, the Fantastic Four encounter an interstellar group of Inhumans formed from the Centaurians, the Dire Wraiths, the Kymellians, and the Badoons. These new Inhumans reveal that the Kree experimented on other interstellar races, aside from humans, and used methods other than the Terrigen Mists. The resulting Universal Inhumans have banded together and traveled to Earth in search of Black Bolt, who they believe will lead their collective people in an eventual takeover of Earth. When Black Bolt returned, the Universal Inhumans arrive on Earth's moon where a prophecy revolving around the four cities is revealed. Together they go to Earth to defeat the four Reeds from the Interdimensional Council.
Meanwhile, the resurrected Supreme Intelligence orders the Kree to launch an attack to destroy the Earth and the Inhumans in a bid to prevent the genetic prophecy from occurring. They are repelled with the Inhumans in pursuit.
During the events of Infinity, Thanos and his forces attack Attilan and offer to spare the city in exchange for a tribute: the deaths of all Inhumans between the ages of 16 and 22. Black Bolt surmises that the offering is a ruse to hide the fact that Thanos actually desires the death of Thane, a half-Inhuman youth he had fathered years earlier. Maximus had Eldrac transport the remaining Inhumans to different locations to keep them from being killed by Thanos. The search for Thane eventually reveals that secret Inhuman tribes have existed on Earth for years and mated with its population, producing a number of seemingly-normal humans who possess dormant Inhuman genes. In response to Thanos's threat, Black Bolt and Maximus evacuate Attilan before destroying it as a show of defiance. The destruction of the city activates the Terrigenisis Bomb, a creation of Maximus, which spreads the Terrigen Mist across the globe and activates special abilities within numerous unsuspecting humans who were Inhuman descendants.
During the Inhumanity storyline, Karnak was left mentally scarred by said events and begun destroying the upper west side of Manhattan, babbling and sobbing uncontrollably. He was taken into custody by the Avengers. In Stark Tower, Karnak explained to the Avengers what happened during their fight with Thanos and what it meant for the Inhumans. When he was questioning himself for the reason for Black Bolt to spread the Terrigen Mists and what would happen next, Karnak had an epiphany in which he finally saw "the fault in all things". He told Medusa who was present during his interrogation that she needed to forget everything she thought she knew, ignore the instincts, and forget the past. Otherwise, all would be lost. Following this revelation in which he stated it was too late for him to unlearn a lifetime of error, Karnak shattered the window from his containment cell and jumped out of the Stark Tower killing himself.
It was later revealed that there is another Inhuman city called Orollan which is located somewhere in Greenland. The Inhuman Lash is from Orollan as he plans to recruit the Inhuman descendants to work for him. As the months pass, Medusa also begins gathering the Inhuman descendants (called NuHumans by many), and reveals the existence of the Inhumans to the world. Attilan is rebuilt from its remains on the Hudson River, in a city called New Attilan, serving as an independent nation welcoming all Inhumans and open to any who wish to visit.
Crystal takes a team of Inhumans on the transport vessel called the R.I.V., or Royal Inhumans Vehicle, to follow the Terrigen Cloud and protect any NuHumans. In Australia she finds a skinhead Inhuman with skin-changing powers and a healer named Panacea. Her team the visits the hermit kingdom of Sin-Cong to explore why there have been no NuHumans in that country. Her team then investigates mysterious "skypears" that landed around the globe. They investigate a skyspear in China, but are met with suspicion by Collective Man and the People's Defense Force. The skyspear attacks the Inhumans and the People's Defense Force, temporarily depowering Collective Man. Flint, unaware he is depowered, nearly kills him with a rock attack, which traumatizes Flint. Crsytal decides to leave China and travel to Africa with Ana Kravinoff as their guide to find Flint's family in the Chimanimani Mountains of Mozambique, Africa in the hidden Inhuman city of Utolan. Upon their return to Attilan, Panacea empathizes with Gorgon's suffering and heals his paralysis as practice before she tries her abilities on his comatose son.
Civil War II
The Terrigen Cloud sweeps over Ohio where it transforms two Ohio State University students named Ulysses Cain and Michelle into Inhumans. While Michelle emerged as a red-skinned beast with wings and a tail, Ulysses emerged unchanged but with the ability of precognition. Iron Man later infiltrated New Attilan to claim Ulysses after fighting off Medusa, Crystal, and Karnak. This leads the Inhumans to head to Stark Tower to reclaim Ulysses which leads to the Avengers, the Ultimates, and S.H.I.E.L.D. to get involved. When Ulysses projects his latest vision that shows a rampaging Hulk standing over the corpses of the superheroes, this causes the younger Inhumans present to cry.
Inhumans vs. X-Men
Beast works with Iso to find a way to counter the Terrigen Cloud as Medusa tells the Inhuman Royal Family to be prepared just in case the X-Men take action against them as the Terrigen Cloud becomes saturated. When the shrinking of the Terrigen Cloud threatens to render Earth inhospitable for Mutants enough for Emma Frost, Magneto, and Storm to make plans to destroy the Terrigen Cloud, Beast heads back to Attilan to speak to the Royal Family only for Emma Frost to go ahead with the attack. The X-Men take out most of the Inhuman Royal Family and trap them in Limbo. After hearing from Iso about why the X-Men want to destroy the Terrigen Cloud, Medusa is the one who destroys the Terrigen Cloud. Medusa abdicates the throne and gives all leadership duties to Iso, knowing that her people won't understand why she destroyed the remaining Terrigen Cloud. Now free of the burdens of being a queen, Medusa happily reunites with Black Bolt in the Quiet Room.
Encounter with the Progenitors
Medusa, Crystal, Black Bolt, Flint, Gorgon, and Captain Swain are guided by Noh-Varr to the former Kree throne-world of Hala where he has stated they may discover the origins of Terrigen and in so doing offer a future to their doomed people. However, things are not well for the former Queen as she runs her hand through her powerful hair only to pull a large clump out with it, forcing her to announce to her crew that she is dying. It is soon apparent that Medusa's decision to destroy the Terrigen Cloud is the reason that is afflicting Medusa. She did what she had to in order to save the Mutant race, but in doing so she had doomed the future of her people. Because Medusa had pressed the button, that act had the consequence of gradually draining the life energies from her. Akin to dying of a broken heart, Medusa had acted to end a cultural heritage that had lasted millennia and her body has essentially chosen to end with it. Her only hope now is to find the secrets of the Terrigen and bring a new source of it back to their people, so she too can be revitalized. The Inhumans and Noh-Var discover info on the Primagen which was used by the Progenitors to create the Kree and what the Terrigen derives from. When the Inhumans obtain the Primagen from the Progenitors' World Farm and Gorgon buys his fellow Inhumans time to get away, Maximus takes a sample of the Primagen and has a vision where the Progenitors attack Earth in retaliation for the theft of the Primagen. While on the Astral Plane with Black Bolt, Medusa and Black Bolt agreed to continue as partners and not lovers. When Medusa takes the Primagen, it restores her hair and health while also causing a backlash in the attacking Progenitor to destroy the approaching Progenitors causing the Ordinator-Class Progenitors that saw the attack from the World Farm to spare Earth from their invasion.
Establishing New Arctilan
Following their return from the Progenitors' World Farm, members of the former Inhuman Royal Family and their allies settled on the Moon, where Marvel Boy created by using Kree technology from his native universe, a pocket atmosphere that surrounds the Leibnitz crater which was dubbed the Gray Area of the Moon. Inside the crater, Flint used both Moon rock and his own body crystal to built New Arctilan the Inhumans' new base.
Death of the Inhumans
In the pages of "Death of the Inhumans," the Kree have initiated a murdering campaign in order to force Black Bolt to join the Kree Empire. This ultimatum causes the deaths of thousands of Inhumans with the word "Join or Die" carved into their bodies which forced Black Bolt to call together the four Queens of the Universal Inhuman tribes to respond to this threat. However, the meeting goes far from as planned, as an Inhuman executioner named Vox, a Super-Inhuman created by the Kree, begins his bloody rampage across the place. When Black Bolt and his Royal Family reached the meeting place, they discover the bodies of Oola Udonta, Aladi Ko Eke, Onomi Whitemane and Goddess Ovoe, with the same three words written in their blood on a banner hanging about their corpses and eventually realized that they fell in to a trap as one of the dead Inhumans was wired with an explosive. While most of Black Bolt's group made it out alive, thanks to Lockjaw, Triton was not so lucky and was killed in the explosion. Black Bolt then sent Lockjaw to New Arctilan to retrieve his brother Maximus. Unbeknownst to them, Vox and his men had already arrived on New Arctilan and began murdering every Inhuman they come across, old or new. Armed with all of the Inhumans’ abilities and no humanity, Vox easily cuts his prey down with his powers or his literal energy scythe. Even Maximus can’t defeat Vox as he quickly loses an arm for even making the attempt. Pretty soon, Lockjaw arrived and stood up with Maximus to attempted to stop Vox on their own but things didn't go so well and Vox fired an enormous blast, ripping a hole in both of them.
Powers and abilities
Even without using the Terrigen Mist, the Kree modifications, combined with centuries of selective breeding, have given all Inhumans certain advantages. Their average lifespan is 150 years and an Inhuman in good physical condition possesses strength, reaction time, speed, and endurance greater than the finest of human athletes. Karnak and other normal Inhumans who are in excellent physical shape can lift one ton and are physically slightly superior to the peak of normal human physical achievement. Exposure to the Terrigen Mist can both enhance and in some cases reduce these physical capabilities. Most Inhumans are used to living in a pollution-free, germ-free environment and have difficulty tolerating Earth's current level of air and water pollution for any length of time.
The Alpha Primitives are a slave race created by the Inhumans, first appearing in Fantastic Four #47 (February 1966). Because of the Inhumans' low population, they created a labor force of hominids bred to be strong, but of limited intelligence. They were also rendered unable to breed, being produced only by cloning. They were used by Maximus the Mad in several schemes, resulting in their being freed from servitude by Black Bolt; they would no longer be cloned and those already made would be allowed to live out their lives in a preserve under the city proper. After some time though it was understood that the Alpha Primitives could not live on their own, and the previous arrangement was reversed.
The former king of the Inhumans called The Unspoken revealed that Alpha Primitives are actually humans who have been exposed to gas created from Xerogen Crystals, a substance created by the Kree as a weapon for the Inhumans to use against their human enemies.
The Kree eventually designed a new race of Inhumans that differs greatly from the original. They are engineered from birth with almost of all of their fellows inhuman abilities and none of their problematic humanity. They cannot be swayed or tricked or bought for as they want nothing but their enemies' hearts to stop beating.
In this alternate reality created by Franklin Richards, the Inhumans are mostly the same. They live on Earth, in Attilan. The biggest difference is the reverence they hold, shown in statues, for Galactus and the multitude of heralds who operate for him simultaneously. The Terrigen Mists are not completely under their control, coming from a crack in the ground. Their ultimate origins are unknown, but Maximus the Mad escapes in the caverns deep beneath the city to locate it. Here, it is discovered their city holds connections to other areas of the world, such as Mole Man's Monster Isle.
House of M
The Inhumans made their debut in the Ultimate Marvel Universe in Ultimate Fantastic Four Annual #1 (2005). It begins with two mountain climbers reached the walls of their city, Atillan, in the Himalayas when they are turned back with their memories erased. The Inhumans made themselves known to the Fantastic Four when a member of their royalty, Crystal, fled to New York after being ordered to marry Black Bolt's brother Maximus. Johnny came across Crystal and attempted to save her from two royal guards from Atillan who were trying to capture her. Beaten, Crystal took him back to the Baxter Building, and revealed herself to the Fantastic Four. She left behind her dog Lockjaw, who had the ability to teleport the Fantastic Four to Atillan. Once their presence was discovered, the city was stripped of its advanced technology and destroyed by Black Bolt, and the Inhumans, including Crystal, relocated. They are hinted to have relocated to the Moon.
The Ultimate Marvel version of Attilan is quite different in appearance from the Marvel Universe version, like a giant wasp's nest crossed with a Gothic cathedral. Ultimate Crystal, Lockjaw, and Black Bolt are similar to their counterparts; Medusa is depicted as having actual snakes for hair, like her mythical namesake. Gorgon is female, Karnak projects energy blasts (though he can still sense weaknesses and pressure points), Triton has a more squid-like appearance, and Maximus is a somewhat effete courtier, whom Crystal describes as "preening" and a "peacock". Other Inhumans shown include Tri-clops, with clairvoyant vision (including the power to see the invisible), Densitor (Maximus' flunky, who can presumably increase his strength, durability and mass, enough to become fireproof) and an unnamed Inhuman who can produce a swarm of insect-like flying creatures from his body. They claimed that their city had remained secret for 10,000 years, which makes their ancestors contemporaries with Ultimate Marvel's Atlantis.
In the 2004 Marvel Knights 2099: Inhumans one-shot written by Robert Kirkman, which took place in the future on an alternate world (Earth-2992) that was not identical to the alternate Marvel Universe on Earth-928 featured in the 1990s Marvel 2099 books, the Inhumans leave Earth's moon and are forced to live aboard a spaceship after the Mutant Registration Act is passed. After leaving, Black Bolt places himself and his closest confidants (Triton, Gorgon, Karnak, Crystal, and Medusa) in cryogenic stasis and, in his absence, his brother Maximus takes over as leader of the Inhumans living aboard the spacecraft. While in control, Maximus kills Black Bolt's confidants in their sleep. Fifty years later, Black Bolt is released from cryogenic stasis to find that Maximus has killed those closest to him. In retaliation, he breaks his vow of silence and destroys the Inhumans' spacecraft killing all aboard including himself.
In this reality Attilan was returned to the Himalayan mountains at some point until the population grew tired of living in seclusion and decided to leave the Great Refuge to forge new destinies among humanity. This happened at a time when Maximus was once more vying for power and had built a bomb that - once detonated - would release the Terrigen Mists into the Earth's atmosphere. The Inhuman Royal Family managed to stop him from doing so with Medusa killing him in the process. With no kingdom to rule over, the Inhuman Royal Family decided to travel to the stars and find their fate elsewhere in the universe. However, Black Bolt felt that his people would be persecuted and demonized by humanity, much like they treat mutants on the outside world, so he decided to unleash the Terrigen Mist bomb filling Earth's atmosphere with the gas. This was unknown to all, including the Watcher, whom Black Bolt had blinded to prevent him from seeing. It has been suggested that Black Bolt had some intimate knowledge about the Celestials' plans for the Earth, and releasing the Terrigen Mists on the Earth was a way to set plans in motion to stop the Celestial birth in Earth's core.
|Title||Material collected||Publication date||ISBN|
|The Origin Of The Inhumans||Fantastic Four (1961) #36, #38, #41–47, #62-65 and material from #48, #50, #51, #52, #54-61, "Fantastic Four Annual" (1963) #5, "Thor" (1966) #146-152 and "Not Brand Echh" (1967) #6||October 2013||0-7851-8497-X|
|Inhumans||Inhumans vol. 2, #1–12||August 2000||0-7851-0753-3|
|Fantastic Four/Inhumans||Inhumans vol. 3, #1–4; Fantastic Four vol. 3, #51–54||July 2007||0-7851-2703-8|
|Inhumans: Culture Shock||Inhumans vol. 4, #1–6 (digest size)||March 2005||0-7851-1755-5|
|Young Inhumans||Inhumans vol. 4, #1–12||September 2008||0-7851-3382-8|
|Decimation: Son of M||Son of M #1–6||September 2006||0-7851-1970-1|
|Silent War||Silent War #1–6||October 2007||0-7851-2425-X|
|Secret Invasion: Inhumans||Secret Invasion: Inhumans #1–4; Thor #146–147||March 2009||0-7851-3248-1|
|War of Kings: Road to War of Kings||Secret Invasion: War of Kings; War of Kings Saga; X-Men: Divided We Stand #2; X-Men: Kingbreaker #1–4||May 2009||0-7851-3967-2|
|War of Kings||War of Kings #1–6||November 2009||0-7851-3542-1|
|Inhumans: By Right of Birth||Marvel Graphic Novel: The Inhumans; Inhumans: The Untold Saga||November 2013||0-7851-8504-6|
|Fantastic Four/Inhumans: Atlantis Rising||Namor the Sub-Mariner 60-62, Fantastic Four: Atlantis Rising 1-2, Fantastic Force (1994) 8-9, Fantastic Four (1961) 401-402, Fantastic Four Unlimited #11||January 2014||978-0-7851-8548-2|
|Inhuman Vol. 1: Genesis||Inhuman #1-6||December 2014||978-0785185772|
|Inhuman Vol. 2: Axis||Inhuman #7-11||May 2015||978-0785187806|
|Inhuman Vol. 3: Lineage||Inhuman #12-14, Inhuman Annual #1||August 2015||978-0785198048|
|Battleworld - Inhumans: Attilan Rising||Inhumans: Attilan Rising #1-5||February 2016||978-0785198758|
|Uncanny Inhumans Volume 1: Time Crush||Uncanny Inhumans #0–4; FCBD 2015: Inhumans Story||April 2016||978-0785197065|
|Uncanny Inhumans Volume 2: The Quiet Room||Uncanny Inhumans #5-9||August 2016||978-0785197072|
|Uncanny Inhumans Volume 3: Civil War II||Uncanny Inhumans #11-13||November 2016||978-0785199915|
|Uncanny Inhumans Vol. 4: IvX||Uncanny Inhumans #15-20||June 2017||978-1302903121|
|All-New Inhumans Volume 1: Global Outreach||All-New Inhumans #1-4, All-New, All-Different Point One 1 (Inhumans story)||May 2016||978-0785196389|
|All-New Inhumans Volume 2: Skyspears||All-New Inhumans #5-9||November 2016||978-0785196396|
|Royals Vol. 1: Beyond Inhuman||ROYALS 1-5, INHUMANS PRIME 1||October 2017||978-1302906948|
|Inhumans: Beware the Inhumans||Marvel Super-Heroes (1967) #15; Incredible Hulk Annual (1968) #1; Fantastic Four (1961) #81-83, 99; Amazing Adventures (1970) #1-10; Avengers (1963) #95 and material from Fantastic Four (1961) #95, 105; Not Brand Echh (1967) #12.||January 2018||978-1302910815|
|Inhumans: Once and Future Kings||INHUMANS: ONCE AND FUTURE KINGS 1-5||February 2018||978-1302909406|
|Title||Material collected||Publication date||ISBN|
|Marvel Masterworks: Inhumans, Vol. 1||Thor #146–152; Amazing Adventures #1–10; Avengers #95; Marvel Super-Heroes #15||October 2009||978-0-7851-4141-9|
|Marvel Masterworks: Inhumans, Vol. 2||Inhumans Vol. 1 #1–12; Captain Marvel #52–53; Fantastic Four Annual #12; Marvel Fanfare #14; What If? #29–30; Thor Annual #12||April 2010||978-0-7851-4151-8|
|Inhumans by Paul Jenkins & Jae Lee||Inhumans Vol. 2 #1-12||September 2013||978-0785184744|
|Inhumanity||Avengers Assemble #21-25; Inhumanity #1-2; Uncanny X-Men #15; Indestructible Hulk #17-20; New Avengers #13; Iron Man #20.INH; Inhumanity: The Awakening #1-2; Avengers A.I. #7; Mighty Avengers #4-5; Inhumanity: Superior Spider-Man #1||June 2014||978-0785184744|
In other media
- The Inhumans are introduced into the Marvel Cinematic Universe in the second season of Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. with further introduction in the third season. This was the first live-action adaption of the Inhumans, but has not yet featured any member of the Inhuman Royal Family. The Kree's experiments with the Inhumans date back to the days of the Maya civilization when a Maya hunter was turned into Hive.
- The Alpha Primitives have also been featured in the show's third season, but have been referred to as "Primitives". They are the result of failed experiments to turn humans into Inhumans through a pathogen combination of Terrigen Crystals, the blood of Daisy Johnson and a Kree Reaper, and Hive's own parasitic organism. This started with Holden Radcliffe using the pathogen on the five captive members of the Watchdogs. While the Primitives have enhanced strength and infrared sensory, they also can retain the skills they had before their transformation.
- An 8-episode live-action television series, titled Marvel's Inhumans, premiered on ABC, after the first two episodes were screened in IMAX theaters beginning September 1, 2017 for two weeks. IMAX is also a financial partner for Inhumans, and this was the first time a television series premiered in IMAX. The series centered on Black Bolt and other members of the Royal Family (Medusa, Maximus, Karnak, Gorgon, Crystal, Triton, and Auran), and was not intended to be a reworking of the planned film from Marvel Studios, nor a spin-off of Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. Scott Buck served as showrunner and executive producer on the series.
- The Inhumans were featured in the 1978 Fantastic Four animated series episode "Medusa and the Inhumans". In this continuity, Medusa is the leader instead of Black Bolt. Black Bolt does make a brief appearance as an unnamed Inhuman. Medusa is evil and wants to take over the human race from their Himalayan base. She brainwashes The Thing into attacking HERBIE and the Fantastic Four, until HERBIE causes him to trip and regain his memories. As they escape, Gorgon creates an earthquake, but Reed Richards puts him on a hanger where he can't use his seismic powers. Karnak attacks their ship, but Sue Storm turns his arm invisible and he runs off in panic. They are eventually confronted by Medusa and they show a projection showing the banality of human life. The Inhumans decide it's not worth conquering the humans and let the Fantastic Four free.
- The Inhumans were featured in the 1994 Fantastic Four animated series. The Inhumans appeared in a three part "Inhumans Saga" episodes before becoming a sub-plot for the rest of the season. Their creation at the hands of the Kree is intact in this series. Medusa initially teams up with Wizard and Trapster, who brainwash The Thing into killing the Fantastic Four. Medusa only joined them due to amnesia caused by Maximus, who over threw the royal family. Gorgon then attacks the Fantastic Four in order to rescue Medusa. Johnny Storm then finds Crystal, Karnac, and Lockjaw in an underground base. He brings the team to face off with the Inhumans. Initially, Black Bolt overpowers The Thing, but due to the impurities in Earth's atmosphere he loses his power. The Seeker kidnaps Triton and lures the Inhumans in order to vow to kill Triton unless Medusa marries him. Reed Richards was able to track the Attilan and help the royal family regain the throne. In a mad last ditch effort, Maximus creates an impenetrable force field around Attilan. Johnny Storm and Crystal are separated and cry for each other, as they have developed feeling for each other.
- The Inhumans appear in the Hulk and the Agents of S.M.A.S.H. episode "Inhuman Nature". A-Bomb falls in love with Crystal at the beach, but both are teleported away by Lockjaw and Triton. The Smash team follows them to a secret Himalayan base. Maximus has been manipulating the royal family into believing humans are evil, but Hulk convinces them that humans and Inhumans have a lot to learn from each other. Black Bolt decides to open the shield hiding the base, but Maximus causes it to stay up permanently. Black Bolt shatters the shield with a single word and Crystal and A-Bomb are reunited. In the episode "Planet Monster" Pt. 2, Black Bolt, Gorgon, and Lockjaw are among the superheroes that help the Agents of S.M.A.S.H. and the Avengers fight the forces of the Supreme Intelligence.
- The Inhumans appear in the Ultimate Spider-Man episode "Inhumanity". Spider-Man and Triton had to work together when Maximus causes a war between S.H.I.E.L.D. and the Inhumans where Maximus has mind-controlled the Inhuman Royal Family. This even led Nick Fury to think the exchange student Triton is a spy. After Maximus was defeated and Black Bolt prevented Attilan from crashing into Manhattan, Nick Fury makes Triton the Ambassador to S.H.I.E.L.D. as an apology to Triton upon his earlier accusation. The episode "Agent Web" revealed that there was an abandoned Inhuman city of Atarog which Spider-Man and Triton had to go to in order to rescue Nick Fury who is being held captive by Crossbones and the HYDRA Agents with him in order to obtain Madame Web. After Crossbones were defeated and Nick Fury takes Madame Web to another location, the Inhuman Royal Family arrives. As Spider-Man apologizes for trespassing at Atarog while explaining why they did it, Medusa interprets for Black Bolt stating that they are here to give Spider-Man and Triton a ride back to the Triskelion while thanking them for protecting Atarog.
- The Inhumans appear in the Guardians of the Galaxy episode "Crystal Blue Persuasion". Besides the fact that the Kree had created the Inhumans and Attilan being launched into space, the Inhumans are also shown to have the Alpha Primitives working for them. The Guardians of the Galaxy ended up on Attilan after being brought there by Lockjaw during the time when the Inhumans have come down with a Terrigen Plague that causes Terrigen Crystals to start growing from their body. The Alpha Primitives were also shown to be fully crystallized yet still alive. During this time, Maximus had apparently made a cure for the Terrigen Plague while also putting Black Bolt under his mind-control. When Ronan the Accuser arrived, Maximus swore the Inhumans allegiance to the Kree. Ronan the Accuser went back on their deal and decided to destroy Attilan. Upon confiscating the mind-control helmet, Ronan then had Black Bolt order Lockjaw to teleport him and Star-Lord to the Terrigen Crystal caverns underneath to destroy Attilan from below. Upon Star-Lord using the CryptoCube to undo the Terrigen Plague on the Inhumans and the Alpha Primitives, Black Bolt flew into space and used his voice to cripple Ronan the Accuser's ship. Afterwards, Medusa thanks the Guardians of the Galaxy on Black Bolt's behalf.
- The Inhumans appear in the Avengers: Ultron Revolution episode "Inhumans Among Us". When an Inhuman ship carrying Seeker and the Alpha Primitives crashes into the mountains near Maple Falls, the Avengers respond to a distress call where they have a brief fight with Black Bolt, Medusa, Gorgon, and Karnak until a Terrigen cocoon in a nearby building hatches Inferno. The Avengers and the Inhumans had to work together to fight Inferno. After Hulk and Lockjaw obtain the crystal need for a device that will disperse the Terrigen Cloud, the Alpha Primitives and Inferno start acting like themselves again. What the Avengers and the Inhumans don't know yet is that Seeker had staged this incident in collaboration with Ultron. In the episode "The Inhuman Condition", Ultron has invaded Attilan and captures every Inhuman except for Black Bolt, Lockjaw, and Seeker. The Avengers come to their aid where it was discovered that Seeker invented a device that would dispense the Terrigen Mist on Earth that would transform other Inhuman descendants like Inferno. After Ultron reworked the device to phase-shift Seeker, he began to use a larger version of it in order to eliminate mankind. Thanks to Black Widow throwing a Terrigen Crystal in it following the Inhumans being rescued, Ultron's plans are thwarted as the Terrigen Mists transform those who are Inhuman descendants into Inhumans. In the four part "Civil War" episodes, Truman Marsh moves ahead with the Inhumans Registration Act where the Inhumans will have Registration Disks placed on them. The Registration Disks were part of a plot by Ultron to control them into furthering his goals. The Avengers were able to free the Inhumans from the Registration Disks.
- A trade report in March 2011 said Marvel Entertainment was developing an Inhumans film. In November 2012, Stan Lee reported that the film is in development. In August 2014, it was reported that Marvel was moving forward with the development of an Inhumans film, with a screenplay written by Joe Robert Cole. In October 2014, Marvel Studios confirmed Inhumans, with a release date of November 2, 2018. The date was later pushed back to July 12, 2019. By October 2015, Cole was no longer involved with the film and any potential drafts that he may have written would not be used. In April 2016, the film was taken off of Marvel's 2019 release schedule, though it is not considered cancelled.
- A Marvel Knights Animation motion comic DVD was released on April 23, 2013 based on Paul Jenkins & Jae Lee's Inhumans Vol. 2 #1-12
- The Inhumans appear in Marvel: Ultimate Alliance. They offer the heroes Atillan (the version that is located in the Blue Area of the Moon) as a temporary headquarters after Doctor Doom acquires the power of Odin and uses it to reshape Earth. After Medusa is corrupted by Doctor Doom, Triton, Crystal, and Gorgon go to Earth to fight Doctor Doom and are not heard from for the rest of the game. Vision later mentions that they may have been "inducted into Doom's army" consisting of various other corrupted heroes that the players must fight before facing Doctor Doom himself. There is also a book on Attilan that mentions about Apocalypse's previous invasion on Attilan and the formation of the Dark Raiders.
- Black Bolt, Medusa, Gorgon, Karnak, Crystal, and Thane are unlockable as playable characters in Marvel: Avengers Alliance.
- Black Bolt, Medusa, Crystal, Karnak, Gorgon, Maximus, Daisy Johnson, Kamala Khan, Lash, Moon Girl, Kid Kaiju, Inferno and Lincoln Campbell (MCU Inhuman) are unlockable as playable characters in Marvel: Future Fight.
- Black Bolt, Medusa, Daisy Johnson, Kamala Khan, and Lockjaw are playable characters in Marvel Puzzle Quest.
- The Inhumans are also Playable on Marvel Heroes.
- The Inhuman Royal Family are playable in Lego Marvel Super Heroes 2. When Attilan was used to make up Chronopolis, Black Bolt, Medusa, Crystal, and Lockjaw had to fight Maximus when he allies with the Kree to target Kang the Conqueror after seeing that Black Bolt failed to prevent Attilan from being taken to Chronopolis. Gorgon and Karnak also appear in Attilan giving side missions to the players.
- Black Bolt, Crystal, and Lockjaw are all playable characters in Marvel Powers United VR (alongside Captain Marvel, Hulk, Rocket Raccoon, Deadpool, and Thor).
- DeFalco, Tom; Gilbert, Laura, ed. (2008). "1960s". Marvel Chronicle A Year by Year History. London, United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. p. 111. ISBN 978-0756641238.
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