Inland Gulf languages

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Inland Gulf
New Guinea
Linguistic classification Trans–New Guinea
  • Inland Gulf
Glottolog inla1262[1]
Map: The Inland Gulf languages of New Guinea
  The Inland Gulf languages
  Other Trans–New Guinea languages
  Other Papuan languages
  Austronesian languages

The Inland Gulf languages are a family of Trans–New Guinea languages in the classifications of Stephen Wurm (1975) and Malcolm Ross (2005). The unity of the languages was established by K. Franklin in 1969. Although the family as a whole is clearly valid, Ipiko is quite distinct from the other languages.

Pronouns for the Minanibai branch are:

sg pl
1 *no *ni
2 *go *dau
3 ? *eti

Ipiko only reflects 1pl *ni.


  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Inland Gulf". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  • Ross, Malcolm (2005). "Pronouns as a preliminary diagnostic for grouping Papuan languages". In Andrew Pawley; Robert Attenborough; Robin Hide; Jack Golson. Papuan pasts: cultural, linguistic and biological histories of Papuan-speaking peoples. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. pp. 15–66. ISBN 0858835622. OCLC 67292782.