|"Inner City Blues (Make Me Wanna Holler)"|
|Single by Marvin Gaye|
|from the album What's Going On|
|Released||September 16, 1971|
|Studio||Hitsville USA (Studio A)|
|Songwriter(s)||Marvin Gaye & James Nyx Jr.|
|Marvin Gaye singles chronology|
"Inner City Blues (Make Me Wanna Holler)", often shortened to "Inner City Blues", is a song by Marvin Gaye, released as the third and final single, and the climactic song from his 1971 landmark album, What's Going On. Written by Gaye and James Nyx Jr., the song depicts the ghettos and bleak economic situations of inner-city America, and the emotional effects these have on inhabitants.
Composition and lyrics
In 1998, co-writer James Nyx Jr. recalled, "Marvin had a good tune, sort of blues-like, but didn't have any words for it. We started putting some stuff in there about how rough things were around town. We laughed about putting lyrics in about high taxes, 'cause both of us owed a lot. And we talked about how the government would send guys to the moon, but not help folks in the ghetto. But we still didn't have a name, or really a good idea of the song. Then, I was home reading the paper one morning, and saw a headline that said something about the 'inner city' of Detroit. And I said, 'Damn, that's it. 'Inner City Blues'."
In its unedited version as it appears on the album, the final minute of the song (and of the LP) is a reprise to the theme of "What's Going On", the album's first song, then segues into a dark ending. This final minute was cut off of the single version, as well as other sections of the song so the single edit runs under three minutes—this edit appears on most reissues of the LP.
- Lead and background vocals by Marvin Gaye
- Piano by Marvin Gaye
- Instrumentation by The Funk Brothers and the Detroit Symphony Orchestra including:
Release and reception
The song helped Gaye make history by being one of the few artists to have three or more Top 10 songs off Billboard's Pop Singles chart peaking at #9 and one of the first to have three consecutive #1 hits on Billboard's R&B Singles chart where it stayed for two weeks. Although not certified by the RIAA at that time, all three releases from the What's Going On album gained Gold status by selling over 1,000,000 copies in the United States.
|Canadian RPM Top Singles||29|
|U.S. Billboard Hot 100||9|
|U.S. Billboard Hot R&B Singles||1|
A music video for the song was not released until 1994, when the Hughes brothers co-directed a video of the song for the reissue of What's Going On. The video was shot in Harlem over the course of five days, featuring visuals of poverty and inner-city depression. The brothers also filmed firefighters putting out a fire, claiming to police to have been shooting a documentary.
- Sacher, Andrew (2 March 2017). "30 essential psychedelic soul songs". BrooklynVegan. Retrieved 3 April 2023.
- Tucker, Neely. "Like Getting A High Five From God".
This helped people understand the feeling of being in there town...
- Sounes, Howard (2006). Seventies: the sights, sounds and ideas of a brilliant decade. Simon & Schuster. p. 134. ISBN 0-7432-6859-8.
...such as Bobbye Hall whose insistent bongos can be heard...
- "Picks of the Week" (PDF). Record World. October 2, 1971. p. 1. Retrieved 2023-04-12.
- Whitburn, Joel (2004). Top R&B/Hip-Hop Singles: 1942-2004. Record Research. p. 226.
- "Inner city blues (make me wanna holler) in Canadian Top Singles Chart". Library and Archives Canada. Archived from the original on 24 October 2017. Retrieved 15 July 2013.
- "What's Going On awards". AllMusic. Retrieved 15 July 2013.
- Russell, Deborah (July 9, 1994). "Hughes Brothers Survey Urban Blight: Motown's 'Inner City Blues' Clip a "Dream Project"". Billboard Magazine. p. 34.
- List of cover versions of "Inner City Blues (Make Me Wanna Holler)" at SecondHandSongs.com