Inner City Blues (Make Me Wanna Holler)

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"Inner City Blues (Make Me Wanna Holler)"
Inner City Blues (Make Me Wanna Holler) label.jpg
Single by Marvin Gaye
from the album What's Going On
B-side"Wholy Holy"
ReleasedSeptember 16, 1971
FormatVinyl record (7", 45 RPM)
RecordedHitsville USA (Studio A); March 1971
GenreSoul, funk
Length5:28 (album version)
2:58 (single edit)
LabelTamla
T 54209
Songwriter(s)Marvin Gaye & James Nyx, Jr.
Producer(s)Marvin Gaye
Marvin Gaye singles chronology
"Mercy Mercy Me (The Ecology)"
(1971)
"Inner City Blues (Make Me Wanna Holler)"
(1971)
"You're the Man"
(1972)

"Inner City Blues (Make Me Wanna Holler)", often shortened to "Inner City Blues", is a song by Marvin Gaye, released as the third and final single from and the climactic song of his 1971 landmark album, What's Going On. Written by Gaye and James Nyx Jr., the song depicts the ghettos and bleak economic situations of inner-city America, and the emotional effects these have on inhabitants.

Composition and lyrics[edit]

In 1998, co-writer James Nyx Jr. recalled, "Marvin had a good tune, sort of blues-like, but didn't have any words for it. We started putting some stuff in there about how rough things were around town. We laughed about putting lyrics in about high taxes, 'cause both of us owed a lot. And we talked about how the government would send guys to the moon, but not help folks in the ghetto. But we still didn't have a name, or really a good idea of the song. Then, I was home reading the paper one morning, and saw a headline that said something about the 'inner city' of Detroit. And I said, 'Damn, that's it. 'Inner City Blues.' "[1]

Recording[edit]

The song was recorded in a mellow funk style with Gaye playing piano. Several of the Funk Brothers also contributed, including Eddie "Bongo" Brown, and bassist Bob Babbitt.

In its unedited version as it appears on the album, the final minute of the song (and of the LP) is a reprise to the theme of "What's Going On", the album's first song, then segues into a dark ending. This final minute was cut off of the single version, as well as other sections of the song so the single edit runs under three minutes—this edit appears on subsequent reissues of the LP.

Personnel[edit]

Release and reception[edit]

Motown released "Inner City Blues" as a single on their Tamla label on October 14, 1971.

The song helped Gaye make history by being one of the few artists to have three or more Top 10 songs off Billboard's Pop Singles chart peaking at #9 and one of the first to have three consecutive #1 hits on Billboard's R&B Singles chart where it stayed for two weeks.[3] Although not certified by the RIIA at that time, all three releases from the What's Going On album gained Gold status by selling over 1,000,000 copies in the United States.

Chart performance[edit]

Chart (1971) Peak
position
Canadian RPM Top Singles [4] 29
U.S. Billboard Hot 100 [5] 9
U.S. Billboard Hot R&B Singles [5] 1

Music video[edit]

A music video for the song was not released until 1994, when the Hughes brothers co-directed a video of the song for the reissue of What's Going On. The video was shot in Harlem over the course of five days, featuring visuals of poverty and inner-city depression. The brothers also filmed firefighters putting out a fire, claiming to police to have been shooting a documentary.[6]

Cover versions[edit]

In popular culture[edit]

Samples[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tucker, Neely. "Like Getting A High Five From God". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved 14 January 2015.
  2. ^ Sounes, Howard (2006). Seventies: the sights, sounds and ideas of a brilliant decade. Simon & Schuster. p. 134. ISBN 0-7432-6859-8. "...such as Bobbye Hall whose insistent bongos can be heard..."
  3. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2004). Top R&B/Hip-Hop Singles: 1942-2004. Record Research. p. 226.
  4. ^ "Inner city blues (make me wanna holler) in Canadian Top Singles Chart". Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved 15 July 2013.
  5. ^ a b "What's Going On awards on AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved 15 July 2013.
  6. ^ Russell, Deborah. "Hughes Brothers Survey Urban Blight: Motown's 'Inner City Blues' Clip a "Dream Project'". Billboard Magazine. July 9, 1994. p. 34.
  7. ^ "Placebo (2) - Ball Of Eyes (Vinyl, LP, Album) at Discogs". Discogs.com. 2016-06-27. Retrieved 2016-10-03.
  8. ^ "Inner City Blues overview". AllMusic.com.
  9. ^ "Phillip Upchurch* – Darkness, Darkness". Discogs.com. Retrieved 15 January 2017.
  10. ^ "Fallen Angel overview". AllMusic.com.
  11. ^ "Email Jazz News". All About Jazz.[permanent dead link]
  12. ^ "Big Daddy Kane's W.G.O.N.R.S. sample of Marvin Gaye's Inner City Blues (Make Me Wanna Holler)". WhoSampled.com. Retrieved 15 July 2013.
  13. ^ "Black, Rock & Ron's True Feelings sample of Marvin Gaye's Inner City Blues (Make Me Wanna Holler)". WhoSampled.com. Retrieved 15 July 2013.
  14. ^ "Coolio feat. G.A.T.'s N Da Closet sample of Marvin Gaye's Inner City Blues (Make Me Wanna Holler)". WhoSampled.com. Retrieved 15 July 2013.
  15. ^ "The D.O.C.'s The Formula sample of Marvin Gaye's Inner City Blues (Make Me Wanna Holler)". WhoSampled.com. Retrieved 15 July 2013.
  16. ^ "French Montana feat. Chinx Drugz and Cheeze's Inner City Coke Blues sample of Marvin Gaye's Inner City Blues (Make Me Wanna Holler)". WhoSampled.com. Retrieved 15 July 2013.
  17. ^ "Ice Cube's When I Get to Heaven sample of Marvin Gaye's Inner City Blues (Make Me Wanna Holler)". WhoSampled.com. Retrieved 15 July 2013.
  18. ^ "Janet Jackson's Can't Be Stopped sample of Marvin Gaye's Inner City Blues (Make Me Wanna Holler)". WhoSampled.com. Retrieved 15 July 2013.
  19. ^ "Joe Budden's Who Killed Hip Hop sample of Marvin Gaye's Inner City Blues (Make Me Wanna Holler)". WhoSampled.com. Retrieved 15 July 2013.
  20. ^ "Killa Kyleon's Money Takers sample of Marvin Gaye's Inner City Blues (Make Me Wanna Holler)". WhoSampled.com. Retrieved 15 July 2013.
  21. ^ "Masta Ace's Go Where I Send Thee sample of Marvin Gaye's Inner City Blues (Make Me Wanna Holler)". WhoSampled.com. Retrieved 15 July 2013.
  22. ^ "MC Solaar's Armand Est Mort sample of Marvin Gaye's Inner City Blues (Make Me Wanna Holler)". WhoSampled.com. Retrieved 15 July 2013.
  23. ^ "Ralph Tresvant's Sensitivity (Extended Version) sample of Marvin Gaye's Inner City Blues (Make Me Wanna Holler)". WhoSampled.com. Retrieved 15 July 2013.
  24. ^ "Spice 1's Welcome to the Ghetto sample of Marvin Gaye's Inner City Blues (Make Me Wanna Holler)". WhoSampled.com. Retrieved 15 July 2013.
  25. ^ "Too Poetic's God Made Me Funky sample of Marvin Gaye's Inner City Blues (Make Me Wanna Holler)". WhoSampled.com. Retrieved 15 July 2013.
  26. ^ "The Game's 'Savage Lifestyle' - Discover the Sample Source". WhoSampled. Retrieved 2017-09-30.

External links[edit]