Inner Urge

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Inner Urge
Studio album by Joe Henderson
Released End of March/early April 1966[1]
Recorded November 30, 1964
Studio Van Gelder Studio, Englewood Cliffs
Genre Jazz, hard bop
Length 43:14
Label Blue Note
BST 84189
Producer Alfred Lion
Joe Henderson chronology
In 'n Out
(1964)In 'n Out1964
Inner Urge
Mode for Joe
(1966)Mode for Joe1966
Professional ratings
Review scores
Allmusic4.5/5 stars[2]
Penguin Guide to Jazz4/4 stars (8th ed.)
All About Jazz(very favorable)[3]
The Rolling Stone Jazz Record Guide4/5 stars[4]

Inner Urge is an album by jazz saxophonist Joe Henderson released in 1966, the fourth recorded as a leader for Blue Note Records. It was recorded at the Van Gelder Studio, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey on November 30, 1964. It features performances by pianist McCoy Tyner, Elvin Jones on drums, both associated with John Coltrane,[5][6] bassist Bob Cranshaw and Joe Henderson on tenor saxophone.

The Penguin Guide to Jazz gave the album a four-star rating (of a possible four stars), describing the music as "dark and intense".[7]

The compositions[edit]

The title track, "Inner Urge," is a Jazz Standard by the saxophonist Joe Henderson. Henderson said of the period when he wrote it, "During that period I was coping with the anger and frustration that can come of trying to find your way in the maze of New York, and of trying to adjust the pace you have to set in hacking your way in that city in order to just exist." "Isotope" is a tribute to Thelonious Monk's humour in his tunes, whilst "El Barrio" represents Henderson's attachment to the "Spanish musical ethos". The piece especially brings back to mind Henderson's childhood in Lima, Ohio. The saxophonist recalls giving the other musicians two simple chords, B minor and C major 7 (B phrygian)", and asking them "to play something with a Spanish feeling" on top of that. The melody was totally played off-the-cuff.[8]

Track listing[edit]

All compositions by Joe Henderson, except where noted.

  1. "Inner Urge" – 11:58
  2. "Isotope" – 9:15
  3. "El Barrio" – 7:15
  4. "You Know I Care" (Duke Pearson) – 7:22
  5. "Night and Day" (Cole Porter) – 7:24





  1. ^ Billboard Apr 9, 1966
  2. ^ Gioffre, Daniel. "Inner Urge – Joe Henderson | AllMusic". Retrieved 17 July 2011. 
  3. ^ Weinstein, Norman (2 July 2004). "Joe Henderson: Inner Urge". Retrieved 27 August 2013. 
  4. ^ Swenson, J., ed. (1985). The Rolling Stone Jazz Record Guide. USA: Random House/Rolling Stone. p. 100. ISBN 0-394-72643-X. 
  5. ^ James Beaudreau. "Review at PopMatters". Retrieved 2007-07-29. On November 30, 1964, nine days before John Coltrane would record A Love Supreme in the same room, late tenor saxophonist Joe Henderson brought two-thirds of Coltrane's rhythm section (and bassist Bob Cranshaw) into Rudy Van Gelder's New Jersey studio and recorded an under-recognized masterpiece. 
  6. ^ James Beaudreau. "Review at Allmusic". Retrieved 2007-07-29. He is joined on Inner Urge by veterans of other combos: McCoy Tyner and Elvin Jones from John Coltrane's unit and Sonny Rollins sideman Bob Cranshaw 
  7. ^ Cook, Richard; Brian Morton (2006) [1992]. The Penguin Guide to Jazz Recordings. The Penguin Guide to Jazz (8th ed.). New York: Penguin. p. 627. ISBN 0-14-102327-9. 
  8. ^ Original liner notes by Nat Hentoff