Inner child

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In popular psychology and analytical psychology, inner child is our childlike aspect. It includes all that we learned and experienced as children, before puberty. The inner child denotes a semi-independent entity subordinate to the waking conscious mind.

The term has manifold therapeutic applications in counseling and holistic health settings primarily. One of the first comprehensive methods of reparenting the Inner Child in therapy was originated by Art Therapist, Dr. Lucia Capacchione, in 1976 and documented in her book, Recovery of Your Inner Child (1991). Using art therapy and journaling techniques, her method includes a Nurturing Parent and Protective Parent within (Inner Family Work) to care for ones physical, emotional, creative and spiritual needs (her definition of the Inner Child). It also acknowledges a Critical Parent Within and provides tools for managing it. Penny Park's book "Rescuing the inner child' published in 1990 was also one of the first programmes for contacting and recovering the inner child. John Bradshaw, a U.S. educator, pop psychology and self-help movement leader, famously used "inner child" to point to unresolved childhood experiences and the lingering dysfunctional effects of childhood dysfunction. In this way "inner child" refers to all of the sum of mental-emotional memories stored in the sub-conscious from conception thru pre-puberty.

The twelve-step based fellowship of Adult Children of Alcoholics considers healing the inner child to be one of the essential stages in recovery from addiction, abuse, trauma, or post-traumatic stress disorder([citation needed]. In the 1970s, the inner child concept emerged alongside the clinical concept of codependency (first called Adult Children of Alcoholics Syndrome.). These topics remain very active today.


Carl Jung is often referenced as the originator of the concept in his Divine Child archetype. Emmet Fox called it the "Wonder Child".[citation needed] Charles Whitfield dubbed it the "Child Within".[citation needed] The inner child broke into the mainstream primarily through Hugh Missildine, MD, "Your Inner Child of the Past" (1963); which has retained its usefulness; and, through, Transactional Analysis (circa 1965-1969) with its model of Child-Parent-Adult, which has retained less utility.[citation needed] John Bradshaw's use of the "wounded inner child" is a version of the inner child skewed towards topics germane to individual and group therapy settings.

The inner child is often characterized as a subpersonality within the framework of psychosynthesis[1] or may also be seen as a central element surrounded by subpersonalities.[2] Virtually every talk therapy approach acknowledges and ascribes some meaning to the inner child, even if they use a different label.[citation needed] Internal Family Systems Therapy (IFS) has expanded the concept considerably in recognizing that there isn't just one inner child subpersonality, but many. IFS points to wounded inner child subpersonalities calling them "exiles" because they tend to be excluded from waking thought in order to avoid-defend against the pain and trauma carried in those memories. IFS has a sophisticated method for gaining safe access to a person's exiles, witnessing the stories of their origins in childhood, and healing them.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Nora Doherty; Marcelas Guyler (2008). The Essential Guide to Workplace Mediation & Conflict Resolution: Rebuilding Working Relationships. Kogan Page Publishers. p. 88. ISBN 978-0-7494-5019-9.
  2. ^ Abby Rosen (18 June 2010). Lasting Transformation: A Guide to Navigating Life's Journey. BalboaPress. p. 43. ISBN 978-1-4525-0008-9.