The Inner Mission (German: Innere Mission, also translated as Home Mission) was and is a movement of German evangelists, set up by Johann Hinrich Wichern in Wittenberg in 1848 based on a model of Theodor Fliedner. It quickly spread from Germany to other countries.
Like other missions, the Inner Mission sought a "rebirth" of Christianity, by means of the doctrine of "brotherly love" and a social programme of charity (social service) and Christian education.
An inner mission or rescue mission is a project set up by Christian groups to aid the poor and sick in the home country of the group. The word inner reflects that mission is within a single country's boundaries - generally a "mission" is presumed to be overseas.
Specific inner missions
Having grown up in Germany, birthplace of the movement, Rev. Johannes Lauritzen served Lutheran churches in Knoxville, TN and established a rescue mission there about 1890. His congregational work and his work with the poor and imprisoned led him to produce a translation of the New Testament that was aimed at people with less education and exposure to Biblical concepts.
The Danish version was, for a time, run by Vilhelm Beck.
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- Gilman, D. C.; Peck, H. T.; Colby, F. M., eds. (1905). "Inner Mission". New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead.
- Rines, George Edwin, ed. (1920). "Rauhes Haus". Encyclopedia Americana.
- Association of Gospel Rescue Missions
- New York City Rescue Mission
- The EURopean network of Inner Mission Movements (founded 1984)
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