Inocoterone acetate

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Inocoterone acetate
Inocoterone acetate.svg
Clinical data
SynonymsRU-38882; RU-882; 2,5-Seco-A-dinorestr-9-en-17β-ol-5-one 17β-acetate
Drug classNonsteroidal antiandrogen
Identifiers
CAS Number
PubChem CID
ChemSpider
UNII
KEGG
ChEMBL
Chemical and physical data
FormulaC18H26O3
Molar mass290.403 g/mol g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)

Inocoterone acetate (USAN) (developmental code names RU-38882, RU-882) is a steroid-like nonsteroidal antiandrogen (NSAA) that was developed for topical administration to treat acne but was never marketed.[1][2] It is the acetate ester of inocoterone, which is less potent in comparison.[3] Inocoterone acetate is actually not a silent antagonist of the androgen receptor but rather a weak partial agonist, similarly to steroidal antiandrogens like cyproterone acetate.[4]

Inocoterone acetate was investigated for the treatment of acne but showed only modest (albeit statistically significant) efficacy in clinical trials.[2][5][6] A reduction of 26% of lesions was observed in males treated with the drug after 16 weeks (~3.7 months).[6][1] However, this is notably far less than that achieved with other agents such as benzoyl peroxide or antibiotics, which produce 50–75% reductions within 2 months.[1] Similar poor results with the topical route have disappointingly been found for other antiandrogens such as cyproterone acetate and spironolactone.[1]

Relative affinities (%) of antiandrogens at steroid-hormone receptors

Antiandrogen AR PR ER GR MR
Cyproterone acetate 8–10 60 <0.1 5 1
Chlormadinone acetate 5 175 <0.1 38 1
Megestrol acetate 5 152 <0.1 50 3
Spironolactone 7 0.4a <0.1 2a 182
Trimethyltrienolone 3.6 <1 <1 <1 <1
Inocoterone 0.8 <0.1 <0.1 <0.1 <0.1
Inocoterone acetate <0.1 <0.1 <0.1 <0.1 <0.1
Flutamide <0.1 <0.1 <0.1 <0.1 <0.1
Hydroxyflutamide 0.5–0.8 <0.1 <0.1 <0.1 <0.1
Nilutamide 0.5–0.8 <0.1 <0.1 <0.1 <0.1
Bicalutamide 1.8 <0.1 <0.1 <0.1 <0.1
Notes: (1): Reference ligands (100%) were testosterone for the AR, progesterone for the PR, estradiol for the ER, dexamethasone for the GR, and aldosterone for the MR. (2): Tissues were rat prostate (AR), rabbit uterus (PR), mouse uterus (ER), rat thymus (GR), and rat kidney (MR). (3): Incubation times (0°C) were 24 hours (AR, a), 2 hours (PR, ER), 4 hours (GR), and 1 hour (MR). (4): Assay methods were different for bicalutamide for receptors besides the AR. Sources: See template.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Richard A. Helms; David J. Quan (2006). Textbook of Therapeutics: Drug and Disease Management. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. pp. 211–. ISBN 978-0-7817-5734-8.
  2. ^ a b Bentham Science Publishers (September 1999). Current Pharmaceutical Design. Bentham Science Publishers. pp. 717–.
  3. ^ Annual Reports in Medicinal Chemistry. Academic Press. 2 September 1987. pp. 203–. ISBN 978-0-08-058366-2.
  4. ^ Térouanne B, Tahiri B, Georget V, Belon C, Poujol N, Avances C, Orio F, Balaguer P, Sultan C (2000). "A stable prostatic bioluminescent cell line to investigate androgen and antiandrogen effects". Mol. Cell. Endocrinol. 160 (1–2): 39–49. doi:10.1016/s0303-7207(99)00251-8. PMID 10715537.
  5. ^ Leo Plouffe, Jr; Botros R. M. B. Rizk (25 June 2015). Androgens in Gynecological Practice. Cambridge University Press. pp. 84–. ISBN 978-1-316-29887-9.
  6. ^ a b Lookingbill, D. P. (1992). "Inocoterone and acne. The effect of a topical antiandrogen: results of a multicenter clinical trial". Archives of Dermatology. 128 (9): 1197–1200. doi:10.1001/archderm.128.9.1197. ISSN 0003-987X.