Usmonxo‘jayev circa 1983
|11th First Secretary of the Communist Party of Uzbek SSR|
3 November 1983 – 12 January 1988
|Preceded by||Sharof Rashidov|
|Succeeded by||Rafiq Nishonov|
Inomjon Buzrukovich Usmonxo
Иномжон Бузрукович Усмонхўжаев
21 May 1930
Fergana, Soviet Union
|Died||17 March 2017 (aged 86)|
|Political party||Communist Party|
Inomjon Buzrukovich Usmonxo‘jayev (in Cyrillic Uzbek: Иномжон Бузрукович Усмонхўжаев ; in Russian: Инамджан Бузрукович Усманходжаев Inamdzhan Buzrukovich Usmankhodzhayev; 21 May 1930 – 17 March 2017) served as the eleventh First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Uzbek SSR. Usmonxo‘jayev became General Secretary following the disastrous "Cotton Scandal".
The Cotton Scandal
Usmonxo‘jayev succeeded Sharof Rashidov, who had been General Secretary since the 1950s. As orders from Moscow to grow more and more cotton spiraled in, the Uzbek government had respond by reporting miraculous growth in land irrigated and harvested, and record improvements in production and efficiency. Today it would seem that most of these records were falsified. Falsification of the results involved many officials in both Central Soviet Government in Moscow and Uzbekistan.
In 1986, it was announced that almost the entire party and government leadership of the republic had conspired in falsifying cotton production figures. A massive purge (only one minister survived the purge) of the Uzbek leadership was carried out, with prosecutors brought in from Moscow, leading to widespread arrests, executions, and suicides. It may never be known how high the corruption extended, as Leonid Brezhnev’s own son-in-law, Yuri Churbanov was implicated in the affair.
In 1989, Usmonxo‘jayev was charged with the "Cotton Case" and sentenced to 12 years in prison. After a short time, in 1990 he was released from prison, but was not fully acquitted. The Supreme Court of Uzbekistan fully rehabilitated Usmonxo‘jayev on 18 November 2016, after the death of the first president of the country Islam Karimov.
It was while Usmonxo‘jayev was General Secretary that satellite images showed that the Uzbek government's reports were false. Usmonxo‘jayev held his position throughout the scandal, serving as a puppet of Moscow as the Central Committee tried to strengthen its grip in Uzbekistan. Usmonxo‘jayev was General Secretary from 3 November 1983 until 12 January 1988. His replacement was Rafiq Nishonov.
On 12 January 1988, he was relieved of his duties as first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Uzbekistan "in connection with his retirement", and on 24 May 1988, he was removed from the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. On 28 November 1988, he was removed from the Central Committee of the CPSU "as having compromised himself."
He died on 17 March 2017 at the age of 86.
|Party political offices|
| First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Uzbek SSR