Inquilab Zindabad

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Inquilab Zindabad (Urdu: اِنقلاب زِنده باد‎; Hindi: इंक़लाब ज़िन्दाबाद) is a Hindustani phrase,[1][2][3] which translates to "Long live the revolution".

History[edit]

This slogan was coined by the Urdu poet, Indian freedom fighter and socialist Maulana Hasrat Mohani in 1921.[4][5][6] It was popularized by Bhagat Singh (1907–1931) during the late 1920s through his speeches and writings.[7] It was also the official slogan of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association,[7][8] as well as a slogan of the All India Azad Muslim Conference.[9] This slogan is also popularly used by various Communist Parties in India including Communist Party of India and Communist Party of India (Marxist). In April 1929, this slogan was raised by Bhagat Singh and his associate B. K. Dutt who had shouted this after bombing the Central Legislative Assembly in Delhi.[10] Later, for the first time in an open court, this slogan was raised in June 1929 as part of their joint statement at the High Court in Delhi.[7][11] Since then, it became one of the rallying cries of the Indian independence movement. In Indian political novels chronicling the independence movement, a pro-independence sentiment is often characterized by characters shouting this slogan.[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "inqalab | A Practical Hindi-English Dictionary". DSAL |. 1970.
  2. ^ "inquilab | Definition of inquilab in English by Oxford Dictionaries". Oxford Dictionaries | English. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  3. ^ "इंकलाब जिंदाबाद का नारा किसने दिया ? - Azab Gazab | DailyHunt". DailyHunt (in Hindi). Retrieved 4 August 2018.
  4. ^ Pandya, Prashant H. (1 March 2014). Indian Philately Digest. Indian Philatelists' Forum.
  5. ^ "LITERACY NOTES: Hasrat Mohani – a unique poet & politician". Business Recorder. 18 June 2005. Archived from the original on 6 April 2018. Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  6. ^ "India remembers Maulana Hasrat Mohani who gave the revolutionary slogan 'Inquilab Zindabad'". Zee News. 2 January 2017. Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  7. ^ a b c "Bhagat Singh: Select Speeches And Writings, Edited by D. N. Gupta". archive.org. Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  8. ^ "Inquilab Zindabad: A War Cry for Change". Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  9. ^ Ali, Afsar (17 July 2017). "Partition of India and Patriotism of Indian Muslims". The Milli Gazette.
  10. ^ Habib, S. Irfan (2007). "Shaheed Bhagat Singh and his Revolutionary Inheritance". Indian Historical Review. 34.2 (2): 79–94. doi:10.1177/037698360703400205.
  11. ^ Singh, Bhagat. "Full Text of Statement of S. Bhagat Singh and B.K. Dutt in the Assembly Bomb Case". www.marxists.org. Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  12. ^ Bhatnagar, O.P. (2007). Indian Political Novel in English. Delhi: Saruk and Sons. p. 42. ISBN 9788176257992.