This slogan was coined by the Urdu poet , Indian freedom fighter and a Leader of Indian National Congress Maulana Hasrat Mohani in 1921. It was popularized by Bhagat Singh (1907 - 1931) during the late 1920s through his speeches and writings. It was also the official slogan of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association, as well as a slogan of the All India Azad Muslim Conference. In April 1929, this slogan was raised by Bhagat Singh and his associate B. K. Dutt who had shouted this after bombing the Central Legislative Assembly in Delhi. Later, for the first time in an open court, this slogan was raised in June 1929 as part of their joint statement at the High Court in Delhi. Since then, it became one of the rallying cries of the Indian independence movement. In Indian political novels chronicling the independence movement, a pro-independence sentiment is often characterized by characters shouting this slogan.
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