Inquilab Zindabad

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Inquilab Zindabad (Urdu: اِنقلاب زِنده باد‎; Hindi: इंक़लाब ज़िन्दाबाद) is a Hindi-Urdu phrase[1][2][3] which translates to "Long live the revolution!"

This slogan was coined by the Urdu poet and Indian freedom fighter Maulana Hasrat Mohani in 1921. [4][5][6] It was popularized by Bhagat Singh (1907 - 1931) during the late 1920s through his speeches and writings.[7] It was also the official slogan of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association.[8][7] In April 1929, this slogan was raised by Bhagat Singh and his accomplice B. K. Dutt who had shouted this after bombing the Central Legislative Assembly in Delhi.[9] Later, for the first time in an open court, this slogan was raised in June 1929 as part of their joint statement at the High Court in Delhi.[10][7] Since then, it became one of the rallying cries of the Indian independence movement. In Indian political novels chronicling the independence movement, a pro-independence sentiment is often characterized by characters shouting this slogan.[11]

The slogan is now used more frequently by socialists and communists, especially by those in the CPI (M), CPI and leftist political parties.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "inqalab | A Practical Hindi-English Dictionary". DSAL |. 
  2. ^ "inquilab | Definition of inquilab in English by Oxford Dictionaries". Oxford Dictionaries | English. Retrieved 2018-03-22. 
  3. ^ "इंकलाब जिंदाबाद का नारा किसने दिया ? - Azab Gazab | DailyHunt". DailyHunt. Retrieved 2018-08-04. 
  4. ^ Pandya, Prashant H. (2014-03-01). Indian Philately Digest. Indian Philatelists' Forum. 
  5. ^ "LITERACY NOTES: Hasrat Mohani – a unique poet & politician". Business Recorder. June 18, 2005. Archived from the original on April 6, 2018. Retrieved April 6, 2018. 
  6. ^ "India remembers Maulana Hasrat Mohani who gave the revolutionary slogan 'Inquilab Zindabad'". Zee News. 2017-01-02. Retrieved 2018-04-06. 
  7. ^ a b c "Bhagat Singh: Select Speeches And Writings, Edited by D. N. Gupta". archive.org. Retrieved 2018-04-06. 
  8. ^ "Inquilab Zindabad: A War Cry for Change". Retrieved 2018-04-06. 
  9. ^ Habib, S. Irfan (2007). "Shaheed Bhagat Singh and his Revolutionary Inheritance". Indian Historical Review. 34.2: 79–94 – via sagepub. 
  10. ^ Singh, Bhagat. "Full Text of Statement of S. Bhagat Singh and B.K. Dutt in the Assembly Bomb Case". www.marxists.org. Retrieved 2018-04-06. 
  11. ^ Bhatnagar, O.P. (2007). Indian Political Novel in English. Delhi: Saruk and Sons. p. 42. ISBN 9788176257992.