Inquilab Zindabad

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Inquilab Zindabad (Urdu: اِنقلاب زِنده باد‎; Hindi: इंक़लाब ज़िन्दाबाद) is a Hindustani phrase[1][2][3] which translates to "Long live the revolution!"

History[edit]

This slogan was coined by the Urdu poet , Indian freedom fighter and a Leader of Indian National Congress Maulana Hasrat Mohani in 1921.[4][5][6] It was popularized by Bhagat Singh (1907 - 1931) during the late 1920s through his speeches and writings.[7] It was also the official slogan of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association,[7][8] as well as a slogan of the All India Azad Muslim Conference.[9] In April 1929, this slogan was raised by Bhagat Singh and his associate B. K. Dutt who had shouted this after bombing the Central Legislative Assembly in Delhi.[10] Later, for the first time in an open court, this slogan was raised in June 1929 as part of their joint statement at the High Court in Delhi.[7][11] Since then, it became one of the rallying cries of the Indian independence movement. In Indian political novels chronicling the independence movement, a pro-independence sentiment is often characterized by characters shouting this slogan.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "inqalab | A Practical Hindi-English Dictionary". DSAL |. 1970.
  2. ^ "inquilab | Definition of inquilab in English by Oxford Dictionaries". Oxford Dictionaries | English. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  3. ^ "इंकलाब जिंदाबाद का नारा किसने दिया ? - Azab Gazab | DailyHunt". DailyHunt. Retrieved 4 August 2018.
  4. ^ Pandya, Prashant H. (1 March 2014). Indian Philately Digest. Indian Philatelists' Forum.
  5. ^ "LITERACY NOTES: Hasrat Mohani – a unique poet & politician". Business Recorder. 18 June 2005. Archived from the original on 6 April 2018. Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  6. ^ "India remembers Maulana Hasrat Mohani who gave the revolutionary slogan 'Inquilab Zindabad'". Zee News. 2 January 2017. Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  7. ^ a b c "Bhagat Singh: Select Speeches And Writings, Edited by D. N. Gupta". archive.org. Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  8. ^ "Inquilab Zindabad: A War Cry for Change". Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  9. ^ Ali, Afsar (17 July 2017). "Partition of India and Patriotism of Indian Muslims". The Milli Gazette.
  10. ^ Habib, S. Irfan (2007). "Shaheed Bhagat Singh and his Revolutionary Inheritance". Indian Historical Review. 34.2 (2): 79–94. doi:10.1177/037698360703400205.
  11. ^ Singh, Bhagat. "Full Text of Statement of S. Bhagat Singh and B.K. Dutt in the Assembly Bomb Case". www.marxists.org. Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  12. ^ Bhatnagar, O.P. (2007). Indian Political Novel in English. Delhi: Saruk and Sons. p. 42. ISBN 9788176257992.