Inshallah

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For other uses, see Inshallah (disambiguation).

Inshallah (Arabic: إن شاء الله‎‎, ʾin shāʾallāhu),[pronunciation?] also in sha Allah or insha'Allah, is Arabic for "God willing" or "if God wills",[1] and simply abbreviated iA.[2] The phrase is used by both Muslims and Arabic-speaking Christians and Jews.[citation needed]

Islamic explanation[edit]

In the Quran, Muslims are told that they should never say they will do a particular thing in the future without adding insha-Allah to the statement.[3][better source needed] This usage of insha-Allah is from Islamic scripture, Surat Al Kahf (18):23-24: "And never say of anything, 'I shall do such and such thing tomorrow. Except (with the saying): 'If God wills!' And remember your Lord when you forget…'"[citation needed] The Muslim scholar Ibn Abbas stated that it is obligatory for a Muslim to say insha-Allah to refer to something they intend to do in the future.[citation needed]

Christian explanation[edit]

The title expression has a derivation from the New Testament of the Bible.[citation needed] In the Epistle of James, the author writes: "Now listen, you who say, 'Today or tomorrow we will go to this or that city, spend a year there, carry on business and make money.' Why, you do not even know what will happen tomorrow. What is your life? You are a mist that appears for a little while and then vanishes. Instead, you ought to say, 'If it is the Lord’s will, we will live and do this or that.'"[4]

Other languages[edit]

A similar expression exists in Maltese: jekk Alla jrid (if God wills it).[5] Maltese is descended from Siculo-Arabic, the Arabic dialect that developed in Sicily and later in Malta between the end of the 9th century and the end of the 12th century.[6]

Also in Spanish and Portuguese languages the expressions "ojalá" (Spanish) and "oxalá" (Portuguese) come from the Arabic expression inshallah. [7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rebecca Clifta1; Fadi Helania2. "Language in Society - Inshallah: Religious invocations in Arabic topic transition - Cambridge Journals Online". Journals.cambridge.org. Retrieved 2016-07-07. 
  2. ^ "Muslim Chat Lingo". Maniac Muslim. Retrieved 2016-07-07. 
  3. ^ "Saying, 'In šāʾ Allāh' (If Allah Wills) when Determining to do something in the Future". Ahya.org. Retrieved 2012-07-15. 
  4. ^ "James 4:13-15 - Boasting About Tomorrow - Now listen". Bible Gateway. Retrieved 2016-07-07. 
  5. ^ Azzopardi-Alexander, Marie; Borg, Albert (2013-04-15). Maltese. Routledge. ISBN 9781136855283. 
  6. ^ "The European Union". Books.google.com. Retrieved 2016-07-07. 
  7. ^ RAE Dictionary: Ojalá: Del ár. hisp. law šá lláh 'si Dios quiere'

External links[edit]