Inside money

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In monetary economics, inside money is money issued by private intermediaries (i.e. commercial banks) in the form of debt (credit).[1] In the presence of interest rate differentials, debt issuers can make arbitrage profits by lending short and borrowing long. The money, i.e. the debt that is exchanged in this course is referred to as inside money.[2]

Inside money is thus a liability to the issuer. The net amount of inside money in an economy is zero. At the same time, most money circulating in a modern economy is inside money.[3]


  1. ^ Bank, European Central. "What is money?". European Central Bank. Retrieved 2017-06-20.
  2. ^ Bruce Champ and Scott Freeman (2009). "Chapter 7: Liquidity and Financial Intermediation". Modeling Monetary Economics. New York: Cambridge University Press. p. 143. ISBN 978-0-521-78354-5.
  3. ^ Lagos, Ricardo. "Inside and Outside Money," (PDF). Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved 2 April 2012.

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