Wind power by country

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100,000
200,000
300,000
400,000
500,000
600,000
2001
2004
2008
2012
2016
Cumulative installed wind capacity in megawatts since 2001[1][2]
Number of countries with wind capacities in the gigawatt-scale
5
10
15
20
25
30
2005
2010
2015
Growing number of wind gigawatt-markets

As of the end of 2016, the worldwide total cumulative installed electricity generation capacity from wind power amounted to 486,790 MW, an increase of 12.5% compared to the previous year.[3] Installations increased by 54,642 MW, 63,330 MW, 51,675 MW and 36,023 MW in 2016, 2015, 2014 and 2013 respectively.

Since 2010 more than half of all new wind power was added outside the traditional markets of Europe and North America, mainly driven by the continuing boom in China and India. At the end of 2015, China had 145 GW of wind power installed.[4] In 2015, China installed close to half the world's added wind power capacity.

Several countries have achieved relatively high levels of wind power penetration, such as 39% of stationary electricity production in Denmark,[5][6] 18% in Portugal,[6] 16% in Spain,[6] 14% in Ireland[7] and 9% in Germany in 2010.[6][8] As of 2011, 83 countries around the world are using wind power on a commercial basis.[8] Wind power's share of worldwide electricity usage at the end of 2014 was 3.1%.[9]

Installed wind power capacity[edit]

New Installed capacity by country in 2015 (MW)[4]
ChinaUnited StatesGermanyBrazilIndiaCanadaPolandFranceUnited KingdomTurkeyRest of the world: 6,950 MW (11.0%)Circle frame.svg
  •   China: 30,753 MW (48.5%)
  •   United States: 8,598 MW (13.5%)
  •   Germany: 6,013 MW (9.5%)
  •   Brazil: 2,754 MW (4.3%)
  •   India: 2,623 MW (4.1%)
  •   Canada: 1,506 MW (2.4%)
  •   Poland: 1,266 MW (2.0%)
  •   France: 1,073 MW (1.7%)
  •   United Kingdom: 975 MW (1.5%)
  •   Turkey: 956 MW (1.5%)
  •   Rest of the world: 6,950 MW (11.0%)
Installed capacity by country in 2015 (MW)[4]
ChinaUnited StatesGermanyIndiaSpainUnited KingdomCanadaFranceItalyBrazilRest of the world: 58,275 MW (13.7%)Circle frame.svg
  •   China: 145,362 MW (34.1%)
  •   United States: 74,471 MW (17.5%)
  •   Germany: 44,947 MW (10.5%)
  •   India: 27,151 MW (6.4%)
  •   Spain: 23,025 MW (5.4%)
  •   United Kingdom: 13,603 MW (3.2%)
  •   Canada: 11,205 MW (2.6%)
  •   France: 10,358 MW (2.4%)
  •   Italy: 8,958 MW (2.1%)
  •   Brazil: 8,715 MW (2.0%)
  •   Rest of the world: 58,275 MW (13.7%)
Installed capacity by regions in 2015 (MW)[4]
AsiaEurope: 147,771 MW (34.1%)North America: 88,749 MW (20.5%)Latin America and Caribbean: 12,220 MW (2.8%)Pacific Region: 4,823 MW (1.1%)Africa and Middle East: 3,489 MW (0.8%)Circle frame.svg
  •   Asia (excluding Middle East): 175,831 MW (40.6%)
  •   Europe: 147,771 MW (34.1%)
  •   North America: 88,749 MW (20.5%)
  •   Latin America and Caribbean: 12,220 MW (2.8%)
  •   Pacific Region: 4,823 MW (1.1%)
  •   Africa and Middle East: 3,489 MW (0.8%)

This section provides end-of-year figures of worldwide installed wind power capacity by country. The data is sourced from Global Wind Energy Council. In 2015, global wind power capacity increased by 63,330 MW or 17.14% from 369,553 MW to 432,883 MW.[4]

Installed wind power capacity (MW) [10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17]
# Nation 2006 2007 2008[18] 2009[19] 2010[20] 2011[21] 2012[22] 2013[23] 2014[24] 2015[4] 2016[25] 2017[26]
1 China China 2,599 5,912 12,210 25,104 44,733 62,733 75,564 91,412 114,763 145,104 168,690 188,232
European Union European Union 48,122 56,614 65,255 74,919 84,278 93,957 106,454 117,384 128,752 141,579 153,730 169,319
2 United States United States 11,603 16,819 25,170 35,159 40,200 46,919 60,007 61,110 65,879 74,472 82,183 89,077
3 Germany Germany 20,622 22,247 23,903 25,777 27,214 29,060 31,332 34,250 39,165 44,947 50,019 56,132
4 India India 6,270 7,850 9,587 10,925 13,064 16,084 18,421 20,150 22,465 27,151 28,665 32,848
5 Spain Spain 11,630 15,145 16,740 19,149 20,676 21,674 22,796 22,959 22,987 23,025 23,075 23,170
6 United Kingdom United Kingdom 1,963 2,389 3,288 4,070 5,203 6,540 8,445 10,711 12,440 13,603 15,030 18,872
7 France France 1,589 2,477 3,426 4,410 5,660 6,800 7,196 8,243 9,285 10,358 12,065 13,759
8 Brazil Brazil 237 247 339 606 932 1,509 2,508 3,466 5,939 8,715 10,740 12,763
9 Canada Canada[27] 1,460 1,846 2,369 3,319 4,008 5,265 6,200 7,823 9,694 11,205 11,898 12,239
10 Italy Italy 2,123 2,726 3,537 4,850 5,797 6,747 8,144 8,558 8,663 8,958 9,257 9,479
11 Sweden Sweden 571 831 1,067 1,560 2,163 2,970 3,745 4,382 5,425 6,025 6,519 6,691
12 Turkey Turkey[28] 65 207 433 801 1,329 1,799 2,312 2,958 3,763 4,718 6,101 6,516
13 Poland Poland 153 276 472 725 1,107 1,616 2,497 3,390 3,834 5,100 5,782 6,397
14 Denmark Denmark 3,140 3,129 3,164 3,465 3,752 3,871 4,162 4,807 4,845 5,063 5,227 5,476
15 Portugal Portugal 1,716 2,130 2,862 3,535 3,702 4,083 4,525 4,730 4,914 5,079 5,316 5,316
16 Australia Australia[29] 651 824 1,306 1,712 1,991 2,176 2,584 3,239 3,806 4,187 4,327 4,557
17 Netherlands Netherlands 1,571 1,759 2,237 2,223 2,237 2,328 2,391 2,671 2,805 3,431 4,328 4,341
18 Mexico Mexico 84 85 85 520 733 873 1,370 1,859 2,551 3,073 3,527 4,005
19 Japan Japan 1,309 1,528 1,880 2,056 2,304 2,501 2,614 2,669 2,789 3,038 3,234 3,400
20 Republic of Ireland Ireland 746 805 1,245 1,260 1,379 1,614 1,738 2,049 2,272 2,486 2,830 3,127
21 Romania Romania 2 7 10 14.1 462 982 1,905 2,599 2,953 2,976 3,028 3,029
22 Belgium Belgium 194 287 384 563 911 1,078 1,375 1,651 1,959 2,229 2,386 2,843
23 Austria Austria 965 982 995 995 1,011 1,084 1,378 1,684 2,095 2,412 2,632 2,828
24 Greece Greece 758 873 990 1,087 1,208 1,629 1,749 1,866 1,980 2,152 2,374 2,651
25 Finland Finland 86 110 143 147 197 199 288 447 627 1,005 1,539 2,113
26 South Africa South Africa 10 570 1,053 1,471 2,094
27 Chile Chile 20 168 172 205 331 836 933 1,424 1,540
28 Uruguay Uruguay 43 56 59 701 845 1,210 1,505
29 Norway Norway[30][31][32] 325 333 428 431 441 512 704 811 819 838 838 1,162
30 South Korea South Korea 176 192 278 348 379 407 483 561 609 852 1,089 1,136
31 Egypt Egypt 230 310 390 430 550 550 550 550 610 610 810 810
32 Pakistan Pakistan[33] 255 591 792
33 Morocco Morocco 64 125 125 253 286 291 291 487 787 787 787 787
34 Taiwan Taiwan 188 280 358 436 519 564 564 614 633 647 682 692
35 Bulgaria Bulgaria 36 70 120 177 500 612 674 681 691 691 691 691
36 Thailand Thailand 7 112 223 223 223 430 648
37 New Zealand New Zealand 171 322 325 497 530 623 623 623 623 623 623 623
38 Croatia Croatia n/a n/a 69.4 104 152 187.4 207.1 302 347 387 422 613
39 Ukraine Ukraine 86 89 90 94 87 151 302 371 498 514 526 593
40 Lithuania Lithuania 56 50 54 91 163 203 263 279 279 315 493 493
41 Philippines Philippines 66 216 216 427 427
42 Costa Rica Costa Rica 74 123 119 132 147 148 198 268 319 378
43 Hungary Hungary 61 65 127 201 295 329 329 329 329 329 329 329
44 Ethiopia Ethiopia 23 81 171 171 324 324 324
45 Estonia Estonia 31.8 59 78 142 149 184 269 280 302 303 310 310
46 Czech Republic Czech Republic 57 116 150 192 215 217 260 269 281 281 281 308
47 Panama Panama 35 270 270 -
48 Tunisia Tunisia 54 104 245 245 245 245 245
49 Peru Peru 146 148 148 243 243
50 Honduras Honduras 102 102 126 176 180 225
51 Argentina Argentina 113 167 204 204 204 204 228
52 Nicaragua Nicaragua 62 102 146 186 186 186 -
53 Cyprus Cyprus 147 158 158 158
54 Iran Iran 47 67 82 91 91 91 91 91 n.a. 129 134
55 Luxembourg Luxembourg 58 58 100 120
56 Jordan Jordan 2 119 119 119
57 Mongolia Mongolia 50 50 50 50 100
58 Sri Lanka Sri Lanka 63 63
59 Latvia Latvia 62 62 66 66
60 Venezuela Venezuela 30
61 Cape Verde Cape Verde 24 24 24 24
Caribbean 191 250 250 250 200 218
Pacific Islands 12 12 12 12 12 13 13
Rest of Europe 3,815 4,956 5,715 6,543
Rest of Latin America & Caribbean 54 54 250 250 285
Rest of Africa & Middle East 1,165 1,255 129 151 159 159
Rest of Asia 71 87 167 70 70
World total capacity (MW) 74,151 93,927 121,188 157,899 197,637 238,035 282,482 318,596 369,553 432,419 487,657 539,581

Annual wind power generation[edit]

Annual Wind Power Generation (TW·h) and total electricity consumption (TW·h) for 10 largest countries[13][34][35][36][37][38][39][40]
Nation 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Wind
power
Capacity
Factor
% Total
Demand
Wind
power
Capacity
Factor
% Total
Demand
Wind
power
Capacity
Factor
% Total
Demand
Wind
power
Capacity
Factor
% Total
Demand
Wind
power
Capacity
Factor
% Total
Demand
1 United States United States 26.6 26.1% 0.7% 4058.1 34.5 23.4% 0.8% 4149.9 52.0 23.5% 1.3% 4108.6 70.8 1.8% 3951.1 95.2 2.6% 3,723.8
2 China China 3.7 16.2% 0.1% 2834.4 5.6[41] 10.6% 0.2% 3255.9 12.8[42] 12.0% 0.4% 3426.8 26.9 12.2% 0.74% 3640.3 55.5
3 Spain Spain 22.9 22.4% 8.5% 268.8 27.2 20.5% 9.8% 276.8 31.4 21.7% 11.1% 282.1 36.6 13.7% 267.0 43.7
4 Germany Germany 30.7 17.0% 5.4% 569.9 38.5 19.7% 6.6% 584.9 40.4 19.3% 6.6% 611.9 37.2 6.4% 581.3 36.5
5 India India 7.6 13.8% 1.0% 726.7 14.7 21.0% 1.9% 774.7 14.8 17.6% 1.77% 834.3 17 2.7% 637.6 20.6
6 United Kingdom United Kingdom 4.2 23.2% 1.2% 352.9 5.3 27.5% 1.5% 352.0 7.1 30.4% 2.0% 350.5 9.3 2.5% 325.8 10.2
7 France France 2.2 16.0% 0.5% 478.4 4.0 18.6% 0.8% 480.3 5.6 18.8% 1.1% 494.5 7.8 20.2% 1.6% 486 9.7
8 Portugal Portugal 2.9 19.3% 5.9% 49.2 4.0 21.2% 8.0% 50.1 5.7 22.7% 11.3% 50.6 7.5 15.0% 49.9 9.1
9 Italy Italy 3.0 16.1% 0.9% 337.5 4.0[43] 16.7% 1.2% 339.9 4.9 15.7% 1.4% 339.5 6.2 2.1% 296.3 8.4
10 Denmark Denmark 6.1 22.2% 16.8% 36.4 7.2 26.3% 19.7% 36.4 7.0 24.9% 19.1% 36.2 6.8 19.3% 32.4 7.4[44]
World total (TWh) 126.547 19.2% 0.8% 16,388.5 163.683 21.1% 1.0% 17,110.5 211.812 24.5% 1.2% 17,420.0 262.563[13] 21.5% 1.5% 17,313.6 344.8

Electricity generation by wind 2011-2012[edit]

Electricity Generation by Wind (total TWh per year):[45]

Nation 2011 2012[46]
 USA 119.7 140.1
 China 73.2 100.8[47]
 Spain 42.4 48.5
 Germany 46.5 46.0
 India 26.0 27.9
 Canada 19.7 21.0
 UK 15.5 21.0
 France 12.2 14.9
 Italy 10.1 13.2
 Denmark 9.7 10.2
 Portugal 9.1 10.0
 Sweden 6.1 7.2
 Australia 5.8 7.0
 Turkey 4.7 5.8
 Brazil 2.7 5.1
 Netherlands 5.1 5.0
 Japan 4.3 4.8
 Ireland 4.4 4.2
 Poland 2.7 4.7
 Greece 3.3 3.9
 Mexico 1.4 3.6
 Romania 1.4 2.6
 Belgium 2.3 2.7
 Austria 2.1 2.4
 New Zealand 2.0 1.9
 Norway 1.3 1.7
 South Korea 0.9 1.7
 Egypt 1.7 1.3
 Bulgaria 0.8 1.2
 Morocco 0.9 0.7

Historical wind power capacity[edit]

  • Total does not match sum of totals because of different sources.

Historical wind power generation[edit]

Electricity generation by wind 2001-2010[edit]

Electricity Generation by Wind (total TWh per year)[58]
Nation 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
 USA 6.737 10.354 11.187 14.144 17.811 26.589 34.450 55.363 73.886 94.65
 Germany 9.933 15.063 17.916 24.234 25.868 29.175 37.727 38.545 36.71 35.90
 Spain 6.421 8.875 11.471 14.915 20.117 22.132 26.190 30.593 35.9 41.5
 India 2.129 2.553 3.411 4.266 6.273 8.255 11.206 13.053 17 20.6
 China 0.712 0.829 0.987 1.265 1.927 3.675 5.425 12.425 26.9 55.5
 UK 0.917 1.193 1.221 1.838 2.759 4.014 5.010 6.742 8.84 9.70
 Denmark 4.091 4.633 5.283 6.254 6.283 5.803 6.814 6.582 6.39 7.42
 Italy 1.120 1.334 1.385 1.755 2.227 2.822 3.832 4.618 6.200 8.0
 Portugal 0.243 0.344 0.471 0.775 1.684 2.779 3.835 5.469 7.20 8.60
 France 0.125 0.256 0.372 0.566 0.914 2.073 3.857 5.405 7.50 9.20
 Netherlands 0.784 0.899 1.252 1.774 1.964 2.596 3.266 4.047 4.350 3.78
 Australia 0.200 0.346 0.668 0.670 0.841 1.627 2.480 2.938 3.615 3.62
 Canada 0.320 0.388 0.785 0.906 1.398 2.375 2.873 3.628 4.3 5.50
 Japan 0.239 0.394 0.791 1.245 1.666 2.100 2.493 2.799 2.802 3.60
 Ireland 0.317 0.369 0.431 0.622 1.056 1.541 1.860 2.290 2.807 2.670
 Austria 0.163 0.193 0.348 0.878 1.262 1.664 1.934 1.913 1.87 1.92
 Sweden 0.458 0.578 0.645 0.808 0.889 0.938 1.359 1.896 2.361 3.30
 Greece 0.718 0.618 0.970 1.065 1.203 1.614 1.727 2.130 2.416 2.030
 New Zealand 0.130 0.148 0.141 0.340 0.583 0.591 0.883 1.004 1.398 1.55
 Norway 0.026 0.071 0.207 0.239 0.481 0.605 0.847 0.867 0.932 0.850
 Poland 0.013 0.058 0.118 0.135 0.128 0.243 0.496 0.795 1.023 1.60
 Turkey 0.059 0.046 0.058 0.055 0.056 0.121 0.337 0.805 1.4 2.80
 Belgium 0.035 0.054 0.084 0.135 0.246 0.348 0.466 0.605 0.946 1.20
 Brazil 0.033 0.058 0.058 0.058 0.088 0.225 0.531 0.530 1.180 2.07
 Egypt 0.210 0.194 0.350 0.497 0.524 0.585 0.789 0.880 1.1 1.20
 Mexico 0.017 0.020 0.018 0.019 0.018 0.056 0.249 0.256 0.566 0.378
Rest of World 10.657 15.976 19.060 25.473 27.37 31.588
Total 36.723 50.557 61.476 80.595 99.687 126.547 163.683 211.812 262.563 327.850

Electricity generation by wind 1991-2000[edit]

Electricity Generation by Wind (total TWh per year)[59]
Nation 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
 Germany 0.204 0.276 0.640 1.357 1.626 1.974 2.882 4.363 5.252 8.884
 USA 2.951 2.888 3.006 3.447 3.164 3.234 3.288 3.026 4.488 5.593
 Denmark 0.703 0.869 0.982 1.080 1.118 1.166 1.837 2.679 2.878 4.029
 Spain 0.014 0.042 0.109 0.166 0.257 0.346 0.705 1.284 2.607 4.491
 India 0.037 0.084 0.090 0.181 0.471 0.834 0.939 1.019 1.374 1.600
 China 0.009 0.013 0.021 0.038 0.061 0.093 0.196 0.352 0.469 0.584
 UK 0.010 0.032 0.207 0.325 0.371 0.464 0.634 0.833 0.808 0.900
 Italy 0.003 0.002 0.004 0.007 0.009 0.031 0.112 0.219 0.383 0.535
 France 0.001 0.001 0.002 0.005 0.005 0.007 0.010 0.019 0.035 0.073
 Portugal 0.001 0.004 0.010 0.016 0.015 0.020 0.036 0.085 0.117 0.160
 Netherlands 0.068 0.140 0.169 0.225 0.301 0.415 0.451 0.608 0.613 0.788
 Japan 0 0 0.001 0.001 0.001 0.002 0.001 0.007 0.036 0.104
 Australia 0 0 0 0.004 0.007 0.007 0.007 0.008 0.026 0.055
 Canada 0.002 0.003 0.030 0.055 0.056 0.059 0.059 0.059 0.156 0.251
 Austria 0 0 0 0 0.001 0.005 0.019 0.043 0.048 0.064
 Ireland 0 0.005 0.014 0.018 0.015 0.013 0.048 0.161 0.178 0.232
 Greece 0 0.008 0.045 0.035 0.032 0.036 0.034 0.067 0.154 0.428
 Sweden 0.012 0.029 0.046 0.068 0.094 0.137 0.193 0.301 0.340 0.434
 New Zealand 0 0 0 0.001 0.001 0.008 0.013 0.021 0.037 0.114
 Norway 0 0.003 0.003 0.009 0.010 0.009 0.010 0.010 0.024 0.029
 Egypt 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.023 0.130
 Belgium 0.008 0.008 0.008 0.009 0.009 0.008 0.008 0.010 0.012 0.015
 Mexico 0 0 0 0.004 0.006 0.005 0.004 0.010 0.010 0.018
 Turkey 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.031
 Poland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.005
 Brazil 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.001
Rest of World 0.205 0.277 0.645 1.373 1.646 2.028 3.006 4.554 5.514 9.363
Total 4.024 4.406 5.393 7.063 7.644 8.921 11.606 15.363 20.320 29.970

Electricity generation by wind 1983-1990[edit]

Electricity Generation by Wind (total TWh per year)[60]
Nation 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
 Germany -- -- -- -- -- 0.002 0.002 0.003
 USA1 0.00267 0.00649 0.00576 0.00419 0.00354 0.00087 2.112 2.789
 India 0 0 0 0.002 0.003 0.006 0.006 0.030
 Denmark 0.024 0.039 0.06 0.136 0.183 0.302 0.429 0.580
 UK 0 0 0 0 0 0.001 0.009 0.009
 Portugal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.001 0.001
 Netherlands 0 0 0 0.001 0.002 0.016 0.023 0.048
 Greece 0 0 0 0 0.001 0.001 0 0.001
 Sweden 0.003 0.005 0.006 0.006 0.006 0.005 0.005 0.006
 Belgium 0 0 0 0 0.006 0.008 0.007 0.008
 Spain 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.013
 Italy 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.002
 Canada 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.002
 China 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.002
Rest of World 0 0 0.001 0 0.001 0.003 0.003 0.005
Total 0.0297 0.0505 0.0728 0.149 0.206 0.343 2.595 3.496
1 [sic] – Generation does not correlate with installed capacity, which would suggest approximately 0.33, 0.87, 1.54, 2.13, 2.50, 2.47 TWh from 1983 to 1988 for the United States.

Opinion on wind farms in selected countries[edit]

Opinion on increase in number of wind farms (2010)
US
%
UK
%
France
%
Italy
%
Spain
%
Germany
%
Strongly oppose 3 6 6 2 2 4
Oppose more than favour 9 12 16 11 9 14
Favour more than oppose 37 44 44 38 37 42
Strongly favour 50 38 33 49 53 40
Source: Harris Poll, 2010. Base: All EU and U.S. adults.[61] Note: Percentages may not add up to 100% due to rounding

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