Institut industriel du Nord

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Institut industriel du Nord (IDN)
Ingénieur IDN - IDN Institut industriel du Nord - Cité scientifique Villeneuve d'Ascq.jpg
Type Engineering school and research institute
Established 1872 (Engineering school foundation 1854)
Location Lille, France
Affiliations École centrale de Lille

The Institut industriel du Nord (IDN) is the engineering school and research institute at École Centrale de Lille from 1872 to 1991, within the campus of the Lille University of Science and Technology (France).

History[edit]

École des arts industriels et des mines (École Centrale de Lille) is a college of engineering founded in Lille in 1854 during the Second French Empire. On the eve of the French Third Republic, lectures and research activities were reorganised into a comprehensive three-year curriculum and developed in 1872, embodied by its newly built Institut industriel du Nord de la France (IDN). Education initially focused on civil engineering, mechanical engineering, chemistry and manufacturing engineering.

Lille's Institut Industriel du Nord was the only French institution approximating to a German Technische Hochschule.

— John M. Roberts, A General History of Europe ; Europe 1880-1945, First published 1967 by Pearson Education limited ; Third edition published 2013 by Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group ; ISBN 0582357454 ; ISBN 978-0-582-35745-7

Electrical engineering full courses were added in 1892, automobile design has been taught from 1899 onwards. More than 200 students graduated in year 1914. Aerodynamics studies started in 1930. A focus on automatic control and computers was initiated in 1957. Later came courses and research in computer science, supply chain management, materials science, micro-electronics and telecommmunications.

Since early 20th century, student admission has been based on a competitive exam after attending a classe préparatoire aux grandes écoles or similar undergraduate studies.

The Institut industriel du Nord was originally located in Lille central district until 1875. Larger buildings with dedicated laboratories were inaugurated in 1875 nearby the Faculté des sciences de Lille. It then moved in 1968 in the modern campus of Lille University of Science and Technology, in the south-east suburb of Lille.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Borne, Pierre; Singh, Madan (1989). "European Cooperation in Engineering Education ; UMIST, IDN, NTUA, TUM, ULB : a successful European Exchange Programme". European Journal of Engineering Education, vol. 14, no 3, 1989, p. 241-244. doi:10.1080/03043798908903364. 
  • Chatzis, Konstantinos (2009). "Coping with the Second Industrial Revolution: fragmentation of the French engineering education system, 1870s to the present". Engineering Studies ; Volume 1, Issue 2, 2009 ; Special Issue: Locating Engineers: Education, Knowledge, Desire. Taylor & Francis Group. pp. 82, 86. doi:10.1080/19378620903005675. ISSN 1940-8374. 
  • Guagnini, Anna (2004). "Chapter 15 Technologies, the ferment of initiatives 1850-1890". In Rüegg, Walter. A History of the University in Europe. Volume 3. Universities in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries (1800–1945). Cambridge university press. p. 616. ISBN 9780521361071. 
  • Ringrose, Daniel Mackay (1995). Engineering modernity: civil engineers between national state and provincial society in France, 1840-1914. University of Michigan. p. 64, 65. 
  • Mokyr, Joel (1992). The Lever of Riches: Technological Creativity and Economic Progress. Oxford University Press. p. 209, 263. ISBN 9780199879465. 
  • Paul, Harry W. (2003). From Knowledge to Power: The Rise of the Science Empire in France, 1860-1939. Cambridge University Press. pp. 154, 265. ISBN 9780521525244. 
  • Paul, Harry W. (1980). "Apollo courts the Vulcains - The applied science institutes in nineteenth century French science faculties". In Fox, Robert; Weisz, George. The Organization of Science and Technology in France 1808-1914. Cambridge University Press. pp. 155–181. ISBN 0521232341. 
  • Marceau, Jane (1976). The Social Origins, Educational Experience and Career Paths of a Young Business Elite. INSEAD monograph. p. 30, 39, 52, 54. 
  • Technical education, Higher technical training in France. Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition. 1911. 
  • Institut industriel du Nord de la France in Second Report of the Royal Commissioners on Technical Instruction: General report presented to Both Houses of Parliament by Command of Her Majesty, Great Britain. Royal Commission on Technical Instruction ; Volume 3981 (Great Britain. Parliament). Eyre and Spottiswoode. 1884. p. 86. 
  • The New York Times (3 July 1880). Steam engine user association of the North of France - The engineers are selected from among the old pupils of the École polytechnique and the Institut Industriel du Nord. New York: The New York Times. 

Coordinates: 50°36′23″N 3°08′13″E / 50.60639°N 3.13694°E / 50.60639; 3.13694