Institute for Statecraft

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The Institute for Statecraft is a Thinktank[1] founded in 2009 by Christopher Donnelly[2][3] and Daniel Lafayeedney,[4][5][3] based in Fife, Scotland.[5] Its stated objects are to advance education in the fields of governance and statecraft, and to advance human rights.[6][7] Its funders include the UK government. The organisation manages the Integrity Initiative amongst other projects. It came to public attention in late 2018 when it was hacked in 2018 and became the subject of controversy and of regulatory attention due to political posts on social media.

The Institute's work[edit]

The Institute employs around a dozen staff and has 90 external fellows.[5] Insider.com described the Institute as "a studious foreign policy research institute founded by ex-military men who believe that Western government officials need to be better-educated about how Russia's spies and servicemen work", noting that it publishes reports, hosts conferences, brief inquiries and write books.[8] Its academic papers are published through the Free University of Brussels; it has a partnership with the University of Leicester to review security, conflict and international development degrees; and its fellows include academics from Oxford and Cambridge universities. At the end of 2019, it filed to start awarding university degrees.[7]

Its director of research is Nicolas de Pedro.[9] Its Latin American programme is directed by Celia Szusterman, formerly of the University of Westminster, and her work on violence reduction has included partnerships between initiatives in Scotland (including the Violence Reduction Unit) and Central America.[10][11]

Integrity Initiative[edit]

The Integrity Initiative is a project of the Institute for Statecraft with a stated mission of defending democracy from disinformation, in particular from Russia,[12][13][14] as well as China and extremist groups suh as ISIL.ref name="Armour 2019"/>

Hacking[edit]

In late 2018, Russian media said that the international hacktivist group Anonymous released documents about the Integrity Initiative, that purported to show the programme was part of a disinformation project to interfere in other countries. RT said that the Integrity Initiative was using journalists to incite anti-Russian sentiment. The Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) blamed Russia for the release of documents, which it said were "intended to confuse audiences and discredit an organisation which is working independently to tackle the threat of disinformation".[15][16] Westminster sources said it was highly likely the attack was carried out by the GRU, possibly as revenge for Britain implicating the agency in the poisoning of Sergei and Yulia Skripal earlier in 2018.[17][18] The documents were released in at least dumps from November onwards.[8] The FCO said the stolen documents included names of Foreign Office-funded projects and lists of friendly journalists.[16] The GCHQ National Cyber Security Centre launched an inquiry into possible computer security breaches at the Institute for Statecraft.[15] Insider.com later concluded that "The hack was probably by the Russians." Russian media used the hack to generate a series of conspiracy theories about the institute.[8]

Politically motivated Twitter incident[edit]

In December 2018, the Sunday Mail reported that The Integrity Initiative's Twitter account had been used to attack then Leader of the Opposition Jeremy Corbyn, the Labour Party and Seumas Milne, the director of communications for Corbyn. The Foreign Office minister, Alan Duncan ordered an investigation into the reports and stated “Not only must [anti-Labour attacks by Statecraft] stop, I want to know why on earth it happened in the first place.”[19][20] MP Chris Williamson said that the Integrity Initiative’s agenda included the "denigration of the Labour party and Jeremy Corbyn" and called for a parliamentary inquiry.[21] Shadow Justice Minister Richard Burgon said "the Conservative government in this country shouldn't be using public funds or the state to undermine or attack the official opposition".[16] In response to Labour Party complaints about this use of government funds in a parliamentary question on 12 December 2018, the minister stated that government funding "does [not] fund the management of the Integrity Initiative’s social media account", to which Shadow Foreign Secretary Emily Thornberry responded that the Integrity Initiative project proposal included "social media activity".[12][13] On 13 December 2018, the Scottish charity regulator OSCR confirmed it had opened an inquiry into the Institute for Statecraft.[22]

In April 2019, Christopher Donnelly apologised, noting that Scottish charity law does not allow them to make party political comment:

"We put out something like 26,000 tweets ... About 400 made reference to some political party or politician, and they were roughly equal between the main political parties, but we should not have sent [them] because the Foreign Office does not allow us to make any party political comment, nor does Scottish charity law. That was a mistake and we wrote letters of apology to Jeremy Corbyn. I have been special adviser to two Tory defence secretaries, and for Labour’s John Reid and George Robertson, so we are as apolitical as we could be."[3] The Daily Record, which had published an examination of the Integrity Initiave earlier in 2019, was critical of the organisation after the release of the apology. In an editorial, it said that the Integrity Initiative "has apparently left itself exposed to Russian hackers, fallen foul of Foreign Office rules, made itself the subject of an emergency question in the House of Commons and apparently broken charity law". It claimed the organisation runs "clusters of media people, some who admit to being involved, others who don’t".[23]

The Labour party also called for an investigation of the Integrity Initiative and its links to the British government.[24]

In August 2019 the OSCR provided the findings of its investigation to the Institute for Statecraft. These were that the charity was not meeting the requirements of a charity in Scotland because its purpose was not entirely charitable, the Integrity Initiative did not provide a "public benefit in furtherance of the charity’s purposes" and the benefits that the Institute provided to its trustees were not clearly incidental to its operation. The trustees of the Institute then took appropriate steps to comply with their requirements including terminating the charity’s involvement with the Integrity Initiative. As a result the OSCR announced in November 2019 that it would not take formal actions against the Institute and would continue to monitor its activities.[25][26][27]

Funding[edit]

In Financial Years 2016-17 and 2017-18, the UK Ministry of Defence through its Armed Forces Covenant Fund Trust's Local Grants Programme awarded a total of £177,650 to 12 separate small projects run by the Shared Outcomes Programme, an initiative of the Institute for Statecraft. In addition, in 2017 the British Army made a payment of £6,800 to the Institute for specialist training.[28]

The Institute has also received funding from NATO, the Lithuanian Ministry of Defence, the US State Department and Facebook.[29]

The Integrity Initiative received government funding of £296,500 in the 2017-18 financial year and would receive a further £1,961,000 in 2018-19. This funding was allocated from the cross-department Conflict, Stability and Security Fund (CSSF), to counter "disinformation" overseas, as part of a £100 million five years programme.[30][14][31] The funding was part of the Counter Disinformation and Media Development Programme.[32][33]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "He Combs the Web for Russian Bots. That Makes Him a Target". The New York Times. 2020-02-09. Retrieved 2021-01-08.
  2. ^ ltd, company check. "MR CHRISTOPHER NIGEL DONNELLY director information. Free director information. Director id 911708036". Company Check.
  3. ^ a b c McLaughlin, Mark (6 April 2019). "Hacker-hit research group the Integrity Initiative is sorry for Jeremy Corbyn tweets". The Times. London. Retrieved 9 April 2019.
  4. ^ "Mr Daniel Lafayeedney - St Antony's College". www.sant.ox.ac.uk.
  5. ^ a b c Armour, Robert (2019-11-04). "OSCR concludes inquiry into shadowy Scots charity". Third Force News. Retrieved 2021-01-08.
  6. ^ "The Institute for Statecraft, Registered Charity no. SC040870". Office of the Scottish Charity Regulator.
  7. ^ a b McLaughlin, Mark (2020-01-01). "Censured intelligence group Institute for Statecraft to offer degree - Scotland". The Times. Retrieved 2021-01-08.
  8. ^ a b c Edwards, Jim (2019-12-23). "What it's like when the Russians hack your company and turn you into a fake news conspiracy story on state TV". Insider. Retrieved 2021-01-08.
  9. ^ "Podemos Calls for Sahara Referendum Anger Spain's Foreign Ministry". Morocco World News. 2020-11-23. Retrieved 2021-01-08.
  10. ^ McLaughlin, Mark (2019-07-07). "Scots justice reforms boost fight against crime in El Salvador - Scotland". The Times. Retrieved 2021-01-08.
  11. ^ "Author Page". openDemocracy. 2014-08-05. Retrieved 2021-01-08.
  12. ^ a b Ferguson, John (16 December 2018). "Tory minister 'misled Parliament' over Government-funded infowars attack on Jeremy Corbyn". Daily Record. Retrieved 23 December 2018.
  13. ^ a b Gayle, Damien (13 December 2018). "Foreign Office denies state funds went to Twitter account criticising Labour". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 December 2018.
  14. ^ a b Duncan, Alan (3 December 2018). "Foreign and Commonwealth Office: Integrity Initiative: Written question - 196177". House of Commons. UK Parliament. Retrieved 23 December 2018.
  15. ^ a b Fisher, Lucy (11 December 2018). "Russia linked to hacking of anti-propaganda initiative". The Times. London. Retrieved 23 December 2018.
  16. ^ a b c Rowland Manthorpe; Alexander J Martin (11 December 2018). "Political tweets, "infowars" and a Russia: how a fake news row went mainstream". Sky News. Retrieved 23 December 2018.
  17. ^ Haynes, Deborah (2019-03-06). "Cyber attacks could rob democratic governments of legitimacy says the foreign secretary". Sky News. Retrieved 2021-01-08.
  18. ^ "Russia's previous links to major cyber attacks". Jersey Evening Post. 2020-07-16. Retrieved 2021-01-08.
  19. ^ Ferguson, John (9 December 2018). "Secret Scottish-based office led infowars attack on Labour and Jeremy Corbyn". Sunday Mail. Retrieved 23 December 2018.
  20. ^ Walker, Peter (10 December 2018). "Foreign Office investigates reports that state-funded body targeted Corbyn". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 December 2018.
  21. ^ Ball, James (9 January 2019). "When free societies copy Russian media tactics, there's only one winner". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 April 2019.
  22. ^ "OSCR opens inquiry into the Institute for Statecraft". OSCR. Retrieved 24 December 2018.
  23. ^ "Integrity Initiative outliers are the real 'useful idiots' in political Twitter storm". Daily Record. 7 April 2019. Retrieved 9 April 2019.
  24. ^ Ferguson, John (7 April 2019). "Calls for probe into Scots-based infowars after they apologise to Jeremy Corbyn". Daily Record. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  25. ^ "Inquiry Report: The Institute for Statecraft". OSCR: Scottish Charity Regulator. 4 November 2019. Retrieved 5 November 2019.
  26. ^ Briggs, Billy (2019-11-05). "Scottish charity watchdog damns group that attacked integrity of politicians". The Ferret. Retrieved 2021-01-08.
  27. ^ McLaughlin, Mark (2019-11-05). "Charity given warning after Corbyn tweets - Scotland". The Times. Retrieved 2021-01-08.
  28. ^ Ellwood, Tobias (13 December 2018). "Ministry of Defence: Institute for Statecraft:Written question - 200608". UK Parliament. Retrieved 25 December 2018.
  29. ^ Fraser, Ian (16 December 2018). "Tory minister's U-turn on infowars attack on Jeremy Corbyn smacks of Cold War dirty tricks". Daily Record. Retrieved 18 January 2019.
  30. ^ Landale, James (10 December 2018). "Russia hack 'bid to discredit' UK anti-disinformation campaign - Foreign Office". BBC News. Retrieved 23 December 2018.
  31. ^ Duncan, Alan (10 December 2018). "Foreign and Commonwealth Office: Integrity Initiative:Written question - 200677". House of Commons. UK Parliament. Retrieved 24 December 2018.
  32. ^ Duncan, Alan (10 December 2018). "Foreign and Commonwealth Office: Integrity Initiative:Written question - 198811". UK Parliament. Retrieved 25 December 2018.
  33. ^ "Counter Disinformation and Media Development (formally Russian Language)". gov.uk. 20 March 2019. CSSF-05-000006. Retrieved 9 April 2019. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)

External links[edit]