Institute of Physics, Bhubaneswar
|Location||Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India|
Institute of Physics, Bhubaneswar is an autonomous research institution of the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE), Government of India. The Institute is entirely the brainchild of legendary and visionary academic and administrator, Late Professor Bidhu Bhusan Das, who was Director of Public Instruction, Odisha, at that time. Prof. Das had dreamed of a world class institute devoted to physics in Odisha owing to his cognizance of the large number of outstanding professors and scholars of physics from Odisha. Prof. Das set it up in 1972, supported by the Government of Odisha under the patronage of late Shri Banamali Patnaik, who was Odisha's education minister at that time, and it was Prof. Das who chose Dr. Trilochan Pradhan as its first director, when the Institute started theoretical research programs in the various branches of physics. Prof. Das tapped the talent and expertise - among others - of two internationally renowned physicists in the Institute's early days: Prof. T. P. Das, of SUNY, Albany, New York, USA and Prof. Jagdish Mohanty of IIT Kanpur and Australian National University, Canberra. In 1981 the Institute moved to its present campus near Chandrasekharpur, Bhubaneswar. The Institute was taken over by the DAE on March 25, 1985 and started functioning as an autonomous body.
Research areas in theoretical physics include condensed matter theory, nuclear and high energy physics. High-energy theorists at IOP have made contributions to field theories, phase transitions in early universe, cosmology, the Planck scale phenomena, string theory and high-energy nuclear physics such as qgp, equation of state and nuclear astrophysics, neutron stars, high-energy phenomenology and neutrino physics phenomenology. In theoretical condensed matter physics, research is centered on disordered systems, magnetism, superconductivity, low-dimensional systems, statistical physics, strongly correlated systems, phase transitions, clusters and nanomaterials.
The experimental physics group encompasses accelerator-based research for advanced chemical and radioisotope analysis. The ion beam laboratory (IBL) is equipped with a 3MV tandem accelerator (NEC 9SDH-2). Research at the IBL includes Rutherford back scattering, particle induced X-ray emission (PIXE), accelerator mass spectrometry, channeling, ion implantation, surface modification and characterization, microbeam analysis and nuclear reaction studies.
The 3 million volt NEC 9SDH-2 pelletron accelerator of the Accelerator Mass Spectrometry lab is a multi-disciplinary research accelerator for various physics experiments. The experimental facilities available in the ion beam laboratory include an accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS, http://www.iopb.res.in/~ams) for radiocarbon dating, micro-beam facility and an external beam facility. Other advanced experimental facilities include an ESCA (electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis), HRTEM (high resolution transmission electron microscope), MBE (molecular beam epitaxy), cluster generator and nano material research facility.
- Dr. R. K. Chaudhary. "Institute of Physics: A Profile". Retrieved 2009-10-25.
- "Overview". Retrieved 2009-10-25.
- "Experimental Facilities, Institute of Physics, Bhubaneswar". Retrieved 2009-10-25.
- "AMS Homepage". Retrieved 2009-10-25.
- "Institute of Physics, Bhubaneswar - PhD. Admissions". Retrieved 2009-10-25.