Institute of technology (United States)

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Josiah Willard Gibbs was the first person to be awarded a Ph.D. in engineering from an American university in 1863.[1]

Institutes of technology or polytechnic institutes are technologically focused universities, many dating back to the mid-19th century. A handful of American universities include the phrases Institute of Technology, Polytechnic Institute, Polytechnic University, University of Technology or similar phrasing in their names; these are generally research-intensive universities with a focus on Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM).

In the lists below, an asterisk (*) denotes research-intensive universities that offer up to PhD or DSc degrees.

Institutes of technology[edit]

Polytechnic universities[edit]

Technological universities[edit]

Contrast to technical colleges[edit]

Conversely, schools dubbed "technical colleges" or "technical institutes" generally provide post-secondary training in technical and mechanical fields focusing on training vocational skills primarily at a community college level -- parallel and sometimes equivalent to the first two years at a bachelor's-granting institution. The academic level of these schools varies by course of study; some courses are geared toward immediate employment in a trade, while others are designed to transfer into a four-year program. Some of these technical institutes are for-profit organizations (such as ITT Technical Institute) compared to most other non-profit educational institutes.

Former schools[edit]

Former institutes of technology[edit]

Former polytechnic universities[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Technical college which offers bachelors degrees


  1. ^ "Four at SEAS receive Gibbs Distinguished Staff Awards". Yale University. Retrieved 15 October 2012.
  2. ^ Stevens Institute of Technology
  3. ^ Farkas, Karen (19 May 2016). "University of Akron no longer features 'Ohio's Polytechnic University' brand". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved 13 April 2019.