Salvador Zubirán National Institute of Health Sciences and Nutrition

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The National Institute of Health Sciences and Nutrition “Salvador Zubirán” (Spanish: Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán) is one of the twelve national institutes part of the Mexican Secretariat of Health. Its main functions and services include medical research, specialized medical attention and health education for future professionals. It is located in the Tlalpan borough in the south of Mexico City where the main hospitals in the city are located.[1] David Kershenobich Stalnikowitz currently manages the Institute.[2]

Institution[edit]

The main priorities of the institute are high quality research, creating medical knowledge and specialized medical assistance. It was founded to address concerns about nutrition and illnesses resulting in poor nutrition in Mexico, as they are considered to inhibit the growth and development of the country.[3]

History[edit]

The institute began as an initiative of Dr. Salvador Zubirán in 1944, who created a small hospital unit at the General Hospital in Mexico City specializing in metabolic and nutritional disorders called the Nutrition Disease Service.[4] In 1945, the project was reorganized and separated into its own facility. Shortly after, the hospital began receiving financial support from the Secretariat of Health.[4] The name for the new hospital was Nutrition Disease Hospital and attended clinical problems related with and metabolism.[5] However, the hospital did not officially open until October 12, 1946, due to the lack of available space to build the treatment and research facilities.[3] The hospital opened with specializations including endocrinology, gastroenterology and hematology.[4] In 1948, researchers from the facility began publishing results of studies in national and international journals.[5]

In 1970, the hospital moved from the center to its present location in the south of the city, expanding services and specialties.[6] In 1987, the facility was reorganized to become of the twelve main institutes of the Mexican Secretariat of Health, changing its name to the National Nutrition Health Institute.[4] In 1988, the words “Salvador Zubirán” were added to the name to commemorate the doctor who founded the original institution as well as to honor his general contributions to medical knowledge about diabetes and nutrition.[4][7]

Since 1993, the institute has published its own journal on the medical sciences and clinical research called Scielo. It is published six times per year.[8]

On May 26, 2000 the name was changed one more time to the current one, National Institute of Health Sciences and Nutrition Salvador Zubirán. This decision was made by the Secretariat of Health to more closely reflect the work done at the institute.[8]

Today, about one thousand people study and work at the institute. These include students from the Escuela Nacional de Enfermería y Obstetricia (the national nursing school) and medical students studying on one of the 50 medical specialties taught. These specialties include laboratory analysis, surgery, and clinical-surgical specialties. This Institute has most researchers and the most scientific production in Mexico.[9] At least 150 health professionals working on the Institute are specialized on medical research.[4] As of 2010, 127 members of these were affiliated with the National Research Mexican System.[3] From 2007 to 2009, 1994 scientific articles on medical journals were published by health professionals and researchers working on the National Institute of Medical Health Sciences and Nutrition.[3] Medical scientific research continues, but the topics change depending on the needs of the population. Current medical research is specialized in diabetes, obesity and other nutritional disorders.[4]

Recognition and accomplishments[edit]

The International Journal of Cuban Health and Medicine has named the institute the most specialized teaching hospital in Latin America.[10]

Physicians who worked at the institute have obtained eight National Science Awards.[3]

On May 2012, an arm transplant was performed at the institute, the 1st in Mexico and Latin America. Only 21 surgeries like these have been done in the globe, this was the 22nd. The surgery was performed in 17 hours with 19 nurses and doctors. Patient Gabriel Granados received two arms which have almost the same physical attributes as the originals. The patient can realize 80% of all the activities he used to do before, with a prognosis of returning to 90%.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Secretaria de Salud (11 August 2012). "Institutos Nacionales de Salud". Secretaria de Salud. Retrieved 17 April 2013. 
  2. ^ Secretaria de Salud (14 March 2008). "Organigrama del Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán". IFAI. Retrieved 14 April 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Ponce de León Rosales, Sergio; Gabilondo, Fernando (2010). "El Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán". Revistas de Investigación Clínica. Indice México de Revistas Biomédicas. 60 (2): 97–99. Retrieved 16 April 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Portal de Transparencia (2013). Manual de Organización del Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán (PDF). Mexico: Secretaria de Salud. pp. 5–9. Retrieved April 16, 2013. 
  5. ^ a b Sistema Regional de Información en Línea para Revistas Científicas de América Latina y el Caribe (4 August 2010). "Revista de Investigación Clínica". Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán. Retrieved 14 April 2013. 
  6. ^ Secretaria de la Salud (2013). "Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición "Salvador Zubirán"". Presidencia de la República. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  7. ^ "Honor a quien honor merece: Dr. Salvador Zubirán Achondo". Médico de Vanguardia. August 2010. Retrieved April 17, 2013.  Bourgues, Héctor (2008). "Dr. Salvador Zubirán". Fomento de Nutrición y Salud. Retrieved 16 April 2013. 
  8. ^ a b Soberón, Guillermo (July–August 2006). "Artículo especial: Salvador Zubirán-Pilar de Nutrición, antes, ahora y en los tiempos por venir". Revista de investigación clínica. pp. 97–99. Retrieved April 17, 2013. 
  9. ^ Secretaria de Salud (2010). "Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán". UNAM. Retrieved 16 April 2013. 
  10. ^ International Journal of Cuban Health and Medicine (2010). "Medicine in Latin America". Article. MEDICC Review. Retrieved 16 April 2013. 
  11. ^ Cruz, Angeles (8 June 2012). "Realizan en el hospital de Nutrición transplante de brazos y manos". La Jornada. Retrieved 17 April 2013. 

Coordinates: 19°17′23″N 99°09′24″W / 19.2896°N 99.1566°W / 19.2896; -99.1566